What is the difference between the Southern Crested Caracara and the Striated Caracara?

What is the difference between the Southern Crested Caracara (Caracara planacus) and the Striated Caracara (Phalcoboenus australis)?

The Southern Crested Caracara and the Striated Caracara are both large birds of prey in the Falconidae family. They are falconids.

The Southern Crested Caracara has a dark-brownish cap, belly, wings, and tail tip, with a whitish-buff throat and nape, whereas the Striated Caracara is black-brown with a grey-flecked neck. 

The Southern Crested Caracara has a brown crest and the Striated Caracara does not have a crest.

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White-Cheeked Turaco

The White-Cheeked Turaco (Tauraco leucotis) is a medium-sized bird in the Musophagidae family. Turacin is the red pigment in its feathers.

The White-Cheeked Turaco has a green forehead, neck, throat, chest, and upperparts. Its rounded crest is glossy dark-blue. Its tail is deep greenish-blue. It has crimson-red underwing feathers. Its cheek is white and its beak is red. It has red eye-rings. Its fourth toe can rotate forward and backward. 

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Great Green Macaw

The Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguous) is a large bird in the parrot family. It is also known as the Buffon’s Macaw or the Great Military Macaw. It is related to the Scarlet Macaw, the Military Macaw, and the Blue-and-Yellow Macaw.

The Great Green Macaw has mainly green feathers and a reddish forehead, with a pale-blue lower back, rump and upper tail feathers. Its tail is brownish-red tipped with very pale blue. Its bare, featherless facial skin is patterned with lines of short spikes, which are reddish in older parrots and female parrots. It has bluish eyes with a white eye-ring. It has a large, strong grey beak. 

The Scarlet Macaw, like other parrots, has its first and fourth toes pointing backwards.

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Temminck’s Tragopan Pheasant

The Temminck’s Tragopan Pheasant (Tragopan temminckii) is a medium-sized bird.

The male Temminck’s Tragopan Pheasant is red and orange, with white-spotted feathers. It has a black beak and pink legs. Its facial skin is blue and bare with no feathers. It has inflatable dark-blue wattles (skin flaps) on its face. The female has brown and white-spotted feathers with blue circular eye skin.

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Short-Eared Owl

The Short-Eared Owl (Asio flammeus flammeus) is a medium-sized bird in the Strigidae family.

The Short-Eared Owl had mottled tawny-brown feathers with a barred tail and barred wings. It upper chest is streaked. It has short, hidden ear tufts, which are usually visible when it is defensive. It has a big head, a short neck, and large yellow-orange eyes wih black eye-rings. It has broad wings. Its beak is short, strong, hooked, and black.

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The Pekin Robin (Leiothrix lutea) is a small passerine (perching) bird. It is also known as the Red-Billed Leiothrix.

The Pekin Robin is olive-green on its back, with a bright orange-yellow throat and a yellow chin. It has a bright red beak and a yellow eye-ring. Its cheeks and neck are bluish-grey. The edges of its wing feathers are yellow, orange, red and black. Its tail is olive-brown and forked. The female is duller in colour than the male.

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Visayan Hornbill

The Visayan Hornbill (Penelopides penelopides panini) is a highly endangered bird in the Bucerotidae family of hornbills. It is a tarictic hornbill.

The male Visayan Hornbill has a creamy-white head and neck, a white upper chest, a reddish-brown lower chest, reddish-brown uppertail feathers, and a creamy-white tail with a broad black tip. Its beak and casque (bony growth on its head) are blackish. Its beak has yellowish ridges. It has orange-brown eyes and pinkish-white eye-rings. The female is black, and her eye-rings are blue.

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Red-Vented Cockatoo

The Red-Vented Cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia) is a critically endangered medium-sized bird. It is also known as the Philippine Cockatoo.

The Red-Vented Cockatoo is all white with a red undertail, called the vent. The vent feathers are tipped with white or yellowish ends. It has pale-yellow underwings. It has a whitish beak and pink-grey feet. Its eyes are dark with a white eye-ring. It has a slightly bulbous forehead.

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Red-and-Yellow Barbet

The Red-and-Yellow Barbet (Trachyphonus erythroacephalus) is a bird.

The Red-and-Yellow Barbet has distinctive black, red, and yellow plumage, where the black feathers are spotted with white. It has a black forehead and crown, with a slight crest. The back of its neck is orange and red with black spots. The side of its neck is red and yellowish. Its back is mostly black with white spots. Its tail is a blackish-brown with up to eight cream spots forming bars. The under side of its tail is yellow with black bars. It has a yellow chin and throat, and there is a black patch at the centre of its throat, which is bordered by areas with more orange. Its chest is orange, and its belly is yellow. It has black wings with white spots, giving a spotted appearance.

Its beak is red. Its eyes are yellow-brown with a dark-grey or black eye-ring. Its legs and feet are blue-grey. The female is similar to the male, but duller, with less red and orange, and more yellow and white.

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Eurasian Stone-Curlew

The Eurasian Stone-Curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus) is a medium-sized bird, which is also known as the Eurasian Thick-Knee. It is related to the Bustard.

The Eurasian Stone-Curlew has black, grey, white, and brown feathers, with a light-grey chest and white underbelly. It has black streaks on its crown and down the back of its long neck.  It has a grey beak, large yellow or pale-grey eyes with a white eye-ring, and light-grey legs.

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Kurdistan Chukar Partridge

The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar kurdestanica) is a game bird in the Phasianidae family of pheasants. It is called Chukar Partridge because it makes a chuck, chuck sound.

The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge has black and white bars on its sides and a black band on its forehead across its eye and down its white throat to form a necklace. It has a plump, rounded body with a grey to light-brown back, grey chest, and patches of chestnut-brown to rufous (red-brown) feathers. It has rounded wings. It has red feet, a red beak, and red patches on its eye-ring. Females are slightly smaller and do not have a spur on their feet. Its tail has 14 feathers.

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Common Kestrel

The Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) is a bird of prey in the Falconidae family of falcons. It is also called the European Kestrel or the Eurasian Kestrel. It is a raptor.

The Common Kestrel is light chestnut-brown with blackish spots on the upperparts and beige on the underparts. Its tail is brown with a black tip. Females have black bars on their tails. Its cere, feet, and eye-ring are bright yellow to yellowish-cream.

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Western European Herring Gull

The Western European Herring Gull (Larus argentatus argenteus) is a large sea bird. It is a seagull.

The Western European Herring Gull has a grey back and grey upper wings, with a white head and white underparts. Its wingtips are black. Its beak is yellow with a red spot and there is a ring of bare yellow skin (eye-ring) around its pale eyes. Its legs are yellow.

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