The longest whale dive ever recorded

Scientists have recorded the longest ever dive by a whale. The whale was a Cuvier’s Beaked Whale (Ziphius cavirostris). 

The time of the longest whale dive ever recorded was 3 hours and 42 minutes holding its breath. It broke the previous record in 2016 of 2 hours and 43 minutes. The human record for holding their breath underwater is 24 minutes. The human is floating motionless, but the whale is moving.

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Mediterranean Banded Centipede

The Mediterranean Banded Centipede (Scolopendra cingulata) is a chilopod in the Scolopendridae family of banded centipedes. It is also known as the Megarian Banded Centipede. 

The Mediterranean Banded Centipede has a wide, flattened yellow-gold body with black bands. It has a pair of antennae on its head and a pair of spikes on its tail. It has a segmented body, with 15 to 177 segments. 

It has one pair of legs for each body segment (in total it has 30-354 legs). No centipede has exactly 100 legs even though centipede means a hundred legs. Each pair of legs is slightly longer than the pair immediately in front of it. 

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The Amazon Tree Boa (Corallus hortulanus) is a reptile in the Boidae family of non-venomous, colubrid, boa constrictor snakes. It is a boid (pronounced bo-id). It is also known as the Garden Tree Boa or the Macabrel. 

The Amazon Tree Boa is long and slim. It varies in base colour from black, brown, grey, red, and orange to yellow. Its patterns can be banded, speckled, rhomboid shapes, or completely plain with no patterns or markings. It has a distinct head and it has dark, rounded eyes. It has sharp, long, needle-like teeth. 

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Anatomy of a Snail’s Head

What does a snail’s head look like?

A snail’s head has one or two pairs of retractable tentacles: upper tentacles and lower tentacles.

The pair of upper tentacles are long and stick into the air. At the tips of each tentacle is a rounded shape, which is the snail’s eye. They are called eye spots. It has two eyes. These tentacles can also smell and taste the air.

The upper tentacles are also called posterior tentacles or major tentacles.

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Soot Sprite

The Soot Sprite (Coptosoma scutellatum) is a very small insect in the Plataspidae family of true thermophile bugs. 

The Soot Sprite has a round or trapezoidal, shiny, black body with a slightly domed shell called a carapace. Sometimes its colour has a glossy green, blue, or bronze sheen. The edge of its abdomen is yellow. It has six small legs. It has a small head with long antennae. 

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Kirk’s Dik-Dik baby

The Kirk’s Dik-Dik (Madoqua kirkii) is a small mammal in the Bovidae family of antelopes from East Africa.

It lives in pairs, mating for life. The female is pregnant for 5-6 months, and may have one or two babies per year. The mother hides her young in long grass to avoid predators, such as cheetahs, leopards, lions, eagles, hyenas, crocodiles, baboons, and jackals. 

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Egyptian Cricket

The Egyptian Cricket (Homoeogryllus xanthographus) is a small insect in the Phalangopsidae family of crickets. It is also knowns as the Beetle Cricket. It is related to grasshoppers.

The Egyptian Cricket has a black, oval-shaped body with a flat plate on its back. It has long, thread-like antennae. It has long hind legs (back legs). Near the tail of its body, it has a pair of light-beige tubes. It has transparent wings.

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Black Bean Aphid

The Black Bean Aphid (Aphis fabae) is a small insect in the Aphididae family of soft body aphids. It is also known as the Blackfly, the Bean Aphid, or the Beet Leaf Aphid.

The Black Bean Aphid has a soft, plump body with a small head and a bulbous abdomen. Its body is shiny black or dark-green. It has piercing and sucking mouthparts. Many adults do not have wings. This is called aptery. The winged ones, called alates, are longer and thinner. Near the rear of the abdomen is a pair of thin tubes called cornicles, which secrete waxy liquid. Its legs are pale yellow with black tips.

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Eye contact: the difference between cats and dogs

Most animals can look at other animals and humans in the eyes. Pet animals do. However, there is a difference, in general, in the way cats and dogs make eye contact with humans.

A cat makes quick, fleeting eye contact with a human. A cat looks at a human in the eyes and then looks away quickly, and then may look back again. This is known as a ‘less intrusive glance’ or a fleeting glance. 

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What is the difference between the German Wasp and the Yellowjacket Hoverfly?

What is the difference between the German Wasp (Vespula germanica) and the Yellowjacket Hoverfly (Milesia virginieusis)? 

The German Wasp is a wasp and the Yellowjacket Hoverfly is not a wasp – it is related to the Drone Fly. Both are insects.

The German Wasp is a vespid and the Yellowjacket Hoverfly is a syrphid.

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German Wasp

The German Wasp (Vespula germanica) is an insect in the Vespidae family of social wasps. It is a vespid. It is also called the German Yellowjacket in America, although the Yellowjacket is in the Dolichovespula genus, whereas the German Wasp is in the Vespula genus. The German Wasp is related to the Common Wasp.

The German Wasp has a smooth black and yellow segmented body with smoky-coloured wings. The yellow stripes on its body have black marks that look like arrows. It has yellow spots on its thorax. Its legs, called tarsi, are yellow. Its antennae are long, thick, and black. Its head is black with a yellow-orange face. The female has a smooth barbless stinger that can repeatedly sting an animal.

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Common Darter Dragonfly

The Common Darter Dragonfly (Sympetrum striolatum) is an insect in the Libellulidae family of dragonflies.

The Common Darter Dragonfly has a long, cylindrical body, two pairs of wings with black tips, and a head with large eyes. Its legs are black with a cream or yellow stripe. The male turns red as it ages. The female looks different from the male, because she has a light-yellow thorax and abdomen, which turns dark-brown with age.

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