Changeable Lizard

The Changeable Lizard (Calotes versicolor) is an agamid reptile. It is in the family of Agama Lizards. It is also known as the Oriental Garden Lizard and the Eastern Garden Lizard.

The Changeable Lizard ranges in colour from light-brown to greyish. It has a short crest above the neck with small spines, which continue to the tail. There are light-grey lines radiating from its eyes. Like chameleons, the Changeable Lizard can move its eyes in different directions.

Its fourth toe on the hind (back) leg is longer than the other toes. The male has swollen cheeks and, when it is mating season, its head turns bright orange and its throat turns black.

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Yellow-Headed Water Monitor Lizard

The Yellow-Headed Water Monitor (Varanus cumingi) is a large lizard, and a reptile. It is also known as the Philippine Water Monitor, the Mindanao Water Monitor, or the Cuming’s Water Monitor.

The Yellow-Headed Water Monitor is yellow with dark-brown or black markings. Its head is often all yellow with only a few markings. Its scales are six-sided hexagons. It has a large mouth, large nostrils, and dark orange-brown eyes. Its feet have five toes with sharp claws.

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Macleay’s Spectre Stick Insect

The Macleay’s Spectre Stick Insect (Extatosoma tiaratum) is a phasmid insect, related to the Praying Mantis. It is also known as the Giant Prickly Stick Insect and the Spiny Leaf Insect.

The Macleay’s Spectre Stick Insect can be brown, white, cream, green, reddish, or yellowish and is camouflaged in plants. It has a long, rounded body. Both the male and the female has wings, but the wings of the female are too small for flying. The male has spikes on his face, and the female has spikes on her body and face.

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Lime Butterfly

The Lime Butterfly (Papilio demoleus) is a common insect in the family of swallowtail butterflies. It is also known as the Lemon Butterfly, the Lime Swallowtail, and the Chequered Swallowtail. Unlike most swallowtails, it does not have the swallow-shapped tail.

The Lime Butterfly is black with a wide irregular yellow band and irregular spots on its wings. Its upper hindwing (back wing) has a red spot with blue edging. Its underside is similar to its upperside, but paler. It has dark reddish-brown club-shaped antennae. Its body is black.

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Crested Wood Partridge

The Crested Wood Partridge (Rollulus roulroul) is also called the Roul-Roul or the Red-Crowned Wood Partridge. It is a small game bird in the Phasianidae family of pheasants.

The Crested Wood Partridge is a short, rounded short-tailed bird. It has a scarlet-red patch of bare skin around its eyes with a red eye-ring. It has red legs, without a spur or hind (back) toe. The male is metallic iridescent green on its upperparts with glossy dark-blue on its underparts. It has a purplish wing panel. Its head has a white forehead spot, black bristles, and a tall red crest.

The female has pea-green body, a grey head with bristles but no spot and no crest.  It has a brownish wing panel. The male and female have a dark-grey beak and pink-grey to red legs.

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Highland Pony

The Highland Pony (Equus ferus caballus) is an ungulate (hoofed) equine mammal, that is taxonomically the same as a horse. It is related to the Shetland Pony, the donkey, and the zebra.

The Highland Pony has a short, compact body with short legs. It can have various shades, such as mouse-coloured, brown, grey, black, and cream. Its mane is long and silky to protect it from the cold winters. It is an odd-toed ungulate, with a hoof that has one toe.

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Hawaiian Goose

The Hawaiian Goose (Branta sandvicensis) is a medium-sized bird. It is a water fowl. It is considered to be the world’s rarest goose.

The Hawaiian Goose is grey with black-striped markings, a black head, and chestnut-coloured cheeks. It has a dark-grey beak and dark-grey legs. It has partially webbed feet so that it can walk over rocky terrain. It does not waddle like other geese.

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What is the difference between an African Buffalo and an Asian Water Buffalo?

What is the difference between an African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) and an Asian Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)?

The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo is not related to the Asian Water Buffalo.

The African Buffalo has an almost black coat, whereas the Asian Water Bufffalo has a blue-grey coat.

The African Buffalo has larger horns than the Asian Water Buffalo.

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Asian Swamp Water Buffalo

The Asian Swamp Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovid mammal. It is not aggressive and has become domesticated.

The Asian Swamp Water Buffalo has blue-grey skin. It is a stocky animal with a short body and large belly. Its forehead is flat, its eyes are prominent, and its face is short. It has a wide nose. Its horns grow outward and curve in a semi-circle. Its tail is short.

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Robber Fly

The Robber Fly (Asilidae sp.) is an insect. It is also known as the Assassin Fly.

The Robber Fly is hairy with bristles. Its body has three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. Its body is long and tapered, and can be brown, black, or grey. It has a short proboscis (sucking nose) and three simple eyes, called ocelli, between their two compound eyes. Its antennae are short with three segments. It has six spiny legs. It has a sharp ovipositor (egg-laying segment). It has smoky-coloured wings.

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Cartilage

What is cartilage?

Cartilage is smooth elastic tissue, such as the human rib cage, ear, and nose.

Cartilage does not contain blood vessels or nerves.

Sharks, rays, and skates are cartilaginous fish because they have a skeleton made entirely of cartilage.

Rio Fuerte Beaded Lizard

The Rio Fuerte Beaded Lizard (Heloderma horridum exasperatum) is a venomous reptile. It is also called the Mexican Beaded Lizard. It is related to the Gila Monster (Heloderma suspectum).

The Rio Fuerte Beaded Lizard is blackish with yellowish bands. It has a stocky body with a broad head. Its scales are small and look like beads. It has a short tail. It has a pink, forked tongue. Unlike other lizards, if it loses its tail, it does not grow back.

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