Damselfish

The Damselfish (Chromis chromis) is a small ray-finned marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of damselfish. It is also known as the Mediterranean Chromis. 

The Damselfish is a large-scaled dark-brown fish. It has an oval, laterally compressed body. It has large eyes and a protruding mouth. It has a set of small teeth in three rows. 

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Adder

The Adder (Vipera berus berus) is a venomous snake. It is also known as the Common European Adder or the Common European Viper.

The Adder has a thick body with keeled (ridged or rough) scales and a large head. Its colour and pattern vary, but it is usually light-coloured with small crossbars or entirely brown with faint or clear dark-brown markings. It usually has a zig-zag pattern. Its eyes are quite large.

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Neon Tetra

The Neon Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi) is a small freshwater fish in the Characidae family of tetras. 

The Neon Tetra has a flat body with a light-blue back over a silver-white abdomen. It has an iridescent blue horizontal stripe along each side of its body from its nose to its rear fin, and an iridescent red stripe from the middle of its body to its tail fin. The colours become grey or black at night, when it rests. It has blue eyes covered with a blue stripe. 

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What is the difference between the European Wasp and the European Paper Wasp?

What is the difference between the European Wasp (Vespula vulgaris) and the European Paper Wasp (Polistes dominula)?

The European Wasp, also called the Common Wasp, and the European Paper Wasp are both vespid insects.

The European Wasp and the European Paper Wasp are both social wasps living in colonies with a queen wasp and worker wasps.

The European Wasp and the European Paper Wasp both have black and yellow bodies with yellowish-orange legs.

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European Paper Wasp

The European Paper Wasp (Polistes dominula) is a hymenopteran insect, a winged insect related to bees, wasps, and hornets. It is a vespid and a polist wasp in the Polistini tribe. It is a social wasp. It is also known as the Common Poet. 

The European Paper Wasp has a slender yellow and black body and long yellowish-orange legs. It drags its legs behind it when it is flying, because its legs are long. Its narrow wings are orange with dark tips. It has large eyes. Its antennae are yellowish-orange with club-shaped tips. 

It has a venomous stinger at the end of its abdomen. It can sting multiple times because the stinger stays in the body (the stinger of bees comes out of the body when the bee stings an animal, so it can only sting once). 

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Siberian Ibex

The Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica) is a large, wild ungulate (hoofed) goat. 

The Siberian Ibex is a goat with dark-brown, light-tan or reddish fur. Its underbelly has lighter fur. It sheds its fur in spring. It has a short neck and straight back. The male has a longer beard than the female. The male and the female have horns, but the female has smaller, grey-brown horns and the male has black horns. The horns have circular rings.

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Powder Blue Tang

The Powder Blue Tang (Acanthurus leucosternon) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the surgeonfish family. It is also known as the Powder-Blue Surgeonfish. 

The Powder Blue Tang is blue with a streak of yellow on its dorsal fin. Its face is blue-black and its mouth, throat, and pelvic fins are white. It has an oval-shaped, flat, compressed body. It has a small mouth shaped like a parrot’s beak, with sharp teeth. 

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Long-Bodied Daddy Long-Legs Spider

The Long-Bodied Daddy Long-Legs Spider (Pholcus phalangiodes) is an arachnid in the Pholcidae family. It is also known as the Cellar Spider.

The Long-Bodied Daddy Long-Legs Spider has a light-brown or dark-brown carapace (shell) and a brown, beige or grey abdomen, but mostly it looks pale and translucent (clear). It has scissor-like jaws, called chelicerae, that move from side to side. It has eight small eyes grouped closely together. It has very long, thin legs that are banded at the joints. 

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Tomato Clownfish

The Tomato Clownfish (Amphiprion frenatus) is a tropical marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of clownfish and damselfish. It is also known as the Blackback Anemonefish, Bridled Anemonefish, Fire Clown, or Red Tomato Clownfish.

The Tomato Clownfish has an oval-shaped, flat, compressed body. It is yellow and orange, or reddish, or blackish. Many have white bars or patches behind their eyes, with a black outline. The female is mainly blackish on her sides.

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Raccoon Butterflyfish

The Raccoon Butterflyfish (Chaetodon lunula) is a tropical marine (saltwater) fish in the Chaetodontidae family of butterflyfish. It is also known as the Crescent-Masked Butterflyfish, Halfmoon Butterflyfish, Raccoon Coralfish, and Redstriped Butterflyfish. 

The Raccoon Butterflyfish has a flat, compressed, oval-shaped body. Its colour varies considerably. Usually, it has a pattern of oblique reddish-brown stripes on its sides. It has a raccoon mask over its eyes, with a white space between the dark crown and eye area. It has a black spot near its tail. Its snout (nose) is usually yellow.

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Southern Stingray

The Southern Stingray (Hypanus americanus) is a marine (saltwater) whiptail stingray.

The Southern Stingray has a flat, diamond-shaped body with sharp, angular corners. It is muddy-brown, olive, or grey with a white underbelly. It has a barb at the end of its long, thin tail. The barb is serrated (saw-like) and is covered with poisonous mucous. Its wing-like fins propel it through the water. Its eyes are on top of its head. 

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White-Cheeked Turaco

The White-Cheeked Turaco (Tauraco leucotis) is a medium-sized bird in the Musophagidae family. Turacin is the red pigment in its feathers.

The White-Cheeked Turaco has a green forehead, neck, throat, chest, and upperparts. Its rounded crest is glossy dark-blue. Its tail is deep greenish-blue. It has crimson-red underwing feathers. Its cheek is white and its beak is red. It has red eye-rings. Its fourth toe can rotate forward and backward. 

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Yellow Scroll Coral

The Yellow Scroll Coral (Turbinaria reniformis) is a marine (saltwater) invertebrate in the Dendrophyllidae family of stony coral. It is an animal, not a plant.

The Yellow Scroll Coral is usually yellow or yellowish-green. It is a laminar (plate-like) species that forms horizontal plates or shallow chalices (cup-shapes) with thick walls. The skeletal cups are called coralites. The plates form a stony skeleton. Polyps protrude from the skeleton. The polyps have a central mouth disc with eight tentacles around the circular disc. 

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Scalloped Hammerhead Shark

The Scalloped Hammerhead Shark (Sphyrna lewini) is an elasmobranch fish with a cartilaginous skeleton in the Sphyrnidae family of hammerhead sharks. It is also known as the Bronze Hammerhead, the Kidney-Headed Hammerhead, or the Southern Hammerhead. 

The Scalloped Hammerhead Shark has a hammer-shaped head, called a cephalofoil. It is light-grey with a greenish tint and a white belly. Its mouth is small. Its nostrils and eyes are located on the sides of the hammer part of its head, and not in front. This allows a full circle of vision. It can see above it, below it, and all around it. It has gill slits on the side of its body.

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