The Visayan Hornbill (Penelopides penelopides panini) is a highly endangered bird. It is a tarictic hornbill.
The male Visayan Hornbill has a creamy-white head and neck, a white upper chest, a reddish-brown lower chest, reddish-brown uppertail feathers, and a creamy-white tail with a broad black tip. Its beak and casque (bony growth on its head) are blackish. Its beak has yellowish ridges. It has orange-brown eyes and pinkish-white eye-rings. The female is black, and her eye-rings are blue.
It measures about 45 centimetres (18 inches) tall.
The Visayan Hornbill is native to islands of the Philippines. It prefers rain forests and areas with lots of trees. It is camouflaged in the trees.
It eats fruit, lizards, worms, and insects, such as ants and beetles.
The Visayan Hornbill lives in groups.
The female lays 2-3 eggs, which hatch after 55-58 days.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM