The Humphead Maori Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) is also called the Napoleon Wrasse, Napoleonfish, and Maori Wrasse. It is a large Indo-Pacific fish found on coral reefs.
The Humphead Maori Wrasse has a hump on its forehead. It is blue-green to purple-blue or yellow-blue with two thin, black lines behind its eyes. It has thick lips and blue-green-yellow eyes.
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The Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax rapax) is a common African bird of prey, a raptor.
The Tawny Eagle is usually brown, but it can vary from dark-brown to light ginger brown to almost white. It has a dark-brown tail. Its feathers often look scruffy. It has feathered legs with ‘boots’ and yellow legs. It has a light beak and light eyes.
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The Jameson’s Mamba (Dendroaspis jamesoni) is a venomous central African snake. It is an elapid snake, with poisonous fangs.
The Jameson’s Mamba is long with smooth dark and pale green scales, with a narrow, black tail. Its underbelly is light yellow-green. Its head is narrow with a small black eye.
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The Rhinoceros Iguana (Cyclura cornuta) is a large reptile – it is a lizard.
The Rhinoceros Iguana is grey-brown or grey-green. It has a bony horn-like lump on its nose, which looks like a rhinoceros horn. It has a crest of pointed scales from the nape of its neck to to the tip of its long tail. It has blue eyes.
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The Chambered Nautilus (Nautilus pompilius) also called the Pearly Nautilus. It is a marine mollusc (mollusk) and a cephalopod (related to the squid and the octopus).
The Chambered Nautilus is similar to a squid, but with an external shell. It has about 90 tentacles, called cirri. The tentacles do not have suckers (like the octopus). The eye of the Chambered Nautilus has no lens.
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What is a proboscis?
A proboscis is a long, tubular, flexible nose of an animal that is used for smelling, sucking, or grasping.
The proboscis of an elephant is its trunk.
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The Dainty Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio anactus) is a medium-sized Australian butterfly. It is also called the Dingy Swallowtail or Small Citrus Butterfly.
The Dainty Swallowtail (adult butterfly) is generally black with rows of pale yellow spots and patches. On the tail, it has several small, light blue, red, or white spots. Its head is large and black with a white V-mark. The back edge of its hindwing is scalloped and the tip of its body is yellow. It can have a patch of red underneath its head.
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What’s the difference between the Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, and Great Egret?
The Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), the Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia or Mesophoyx intermedia), and the Great Egret (Ardea alba melanorhynchos or Casmerodius albus melanorhynchos) have all white plumage (feathers).
The Little Egret has a black beak. The Intermediate Egret has a shorter, thicker yellow beak that may turn red or black in the breeding season. The Great Egret has a long, thin, yellow beak that may become darker in the breeding season.
The Little Egret does not have a black line underneath its eye. The breeding adult Intermediate Egret has a black line underneath its eye, but it does not extend past the eye. The Great Egret has a fine black line from its beak to beyond its eye (like eye-liner underneath the eye).
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The Great Egret (Ardea alba) is also known as the Common Egret, Large Egret, Great White Egret or Great White Heron. It is a large, common egret found in Asia, Africa, the Americas, and southern Europe. It is a member of the heron family. It is closely related to pelicans.
The African Great Egret (Ardea alba melanorhynchos or Casmerodius albus melanorhynchos) is found in the wetlands of tropical Africa.
The African Great Egret has all white feathers, and a long, thin, yellow beak, which may become darker in the breeding season. It has a fine black line from its beak to beyond its eye (like eye-liner underneath the eye). It has black legs and feet.
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The Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia or Mesophoyx intermedia) is also known as the Median Egret, or Yellow-Billed Egret. It is a medium-sized egret found in the wetlands of Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is a member of the heron family.
The Intermediate Egret has all white feathers, and a yellow beak (which may turn red or black in the breeding season). It has black legs and feet.
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The Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) is a small, common egret found in Asia, Africa, Europe, Indonesia, Australia, and New Zealand. It is a member of the heron family.
The African Little Egret (Egretta garzetta garzetta) is found in the wetlands of tropical eastern and southern Africa.
The African Little Egret has all white feathers, and a long, thin, black beak. It has black legs and yellow-soled feet. In the breeding season, it has two long plumes (feathers) on the nape (neck) that form a crest. These plumes are about 15 centimetres (6 inches) long, and are pointed and very narrow.
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The Giant Moray Eel (Gymnothorax javanicus) is a marine fish.
The Giant Moray Eel is a brown snake-like fish with black specks and spots. It has a black patch around its gills. It has small eyes and a small mouth with sharp teeth.
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The Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) is also known as the Indian Antelope.
The Blackbuck is a medium-sized antelope, similar to the gazelle. It has two-tone fur, with its upperparts dark-brown to black, and its underparts are white. It has white fur on its chin and around its eyes. It has black stripes on its face. Male Blackbucks have long V-shaped horns (females may also develop horns).
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The Black-Necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus) is a tall, long-necked wetland bird from Asia (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus asiaticus) and Australia (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus australis). In Australia, it is also called a Jabiru. It is related to the Saddle-Billed Stork from Africa.
The Australian Black-Necked Stork is white with glossy iridescent black feathers, a black neck, and a large black beak. It has a copper-brown crown and a white belly. It has bright red legs. Females have yellow eyes and males have brown eyes.
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The Rough Scaled Python (Morelia carinata) is a large Australian snake. It is one of Australia’s rarest snakes.
The Rough Scaled Python is slim with large dry-looking scales. It is light-brown and medium-brown with darker red-brown marks. Its belly is white.
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The Hummingbird Hawk-Moth (Macroglossum stellatarum) is not a bird. It is a moth from the Sphingidae family. It looks like a tiny hummingbird because it hovers around plants.
The Hummingbird Hawk-Moth has brown forewings, with black wavy lines across them, and the hindwings are orange with a black edge. The abdomen is quite broad, with a short fan-tail of setae (fine hairs) at the end. It has a long proboscis (sucking nose), which it inserts into flowers to suck up the nectar. Its antennae are very feathery. Like a hummingbird, it makes a slight humming sound.
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The Valentin’s Sharpnose Puffer (Canthigaster valentini) is a tropical fish. It is also known as the Saddled Puffer or Black Saddled Toby.
The Valentin’s Sharpnose Puffer has a blue-grey head, and a white speckled body with blue-grey spots. It has four black stripes (called saddles) on its back. Its tail and fins are yellowish. It has rainbow stripes behind its eyes.
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The Kenyan Red-Capped Lark (Calandrella cinerea williamsi) is a small African songbird. The African Red-Capped Lark (Calandrella cinerea) is found in southern and eastern Africa, with the Kenyan Red-Capped Lark localized to western Kenya (Calandrella cinerea saturatior) and central Kenya (Calandrella cinerea williamsi).
The Red-Capped Lark is streaky grey-brown with a rufous (red-brown) cap. It has white underparts and red shoulders. Young larks lack the red cap and red shoulders.
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