The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar kurdestanica) is a game bird in the Phasianidae family of pheasants. It is called Chukar Partridge because it makes a chuck, chuck sound.
The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge has black and white bars on its sides and a black band on its forehead across its eye and down its white throat to form a necklace. It has a plump, rounded body with a grey to light-brown back, grey chest, and patches of chestnut-brown to rufous (red-brown) feathers. It has rounded wings. It has red feet, a red beak, and red patches on its eye-ring. Females are slightly smaller and do not have a spur on their feet. Its tail has 14 feathers.
It measures 32-35 centimetres (13-14 inches) tall.
The Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) is common across Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge is native to the Caucasus Mountains, Kurdistan, and Iran.
It prefers dry, rocky, open hillsides with grass or scrublands. It does not like areas with high rainfall.
It is a terrestrial bird, living on the ground. If frightened, it prefers to run rather than fly, but it can fly for short distances.
It eats seeds and insects. Its predators include eagles, especially Golden Eagles.
The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge often lives in groups, called coveys, of 10-50 individuals. They mate for life. Their nest is made on the ground near bushes or on a rocky hillside. Females lay 7-14 eggs, which hatch after 23-25 days.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM