CREATURE FEATURE: Atlantic Mudskipper

The Atlantic Mudskipper (Periophthalmus barbarus) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Oxudercidae family. It is similar to the Goby. It is also found in freshwater and brackish water. It is amphibious – it can live in the water and on land – but it is not an amphibian (like a frog or toad) because it does not have lungs. 

The Atlantic Mudskipper has a long brown or greenish body. During the mating season it develops coloured spots, such as red, green or blue. It has close-set, bulging eyes. It has forward fins that are similar to legs that enable it to walk, or skip, along the surface of the mud. It can even climb trees. 

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Yellow Boxfish

The Yellow Boxfish (Ostracion cubicus) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Ostraciidae family of boxfish.

The Yellow Boxfish has hexagonal scales that form a solid, triangular box-like shell called a carapace. The male and the female look similar. It is bright yellow at birth and the colour fades as it ages. It is yellow with blue-black spots, which are smaller on its white underbelly and larger on its sides.  It has a small mouth and large, bulging blue and yellow eyes.

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Spotted Scat

The Spotted Scat (Scatophagus argus) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Scatophagidae family of scats. It is also called the Red Scat, the Ruby Scat, the Green Scat, Tiger Butterfish, or Tiger Scat. 

The Spotted Scat is varied in colour from greenish brown to red-brown to silver, with many brown spots. It is rounded in shape and laterally compressed. It has a rounded snout (nose). 

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German Pekin Duck

The German Pekin Duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is a European breed of a domestic bird in the Anatidae family of mallard ducks. It is also known as the White Pekin Duck and related to the American Pekin Duck. 

The German Pekin Duck has an upright, broad, heavy body with thick layers of creamy-white feathers with a yellowish tinge. Its beak is short and orange. Its eyes are small and dark. It has orange webbed feet. 

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Banded Leporinus

The Banded Leporinus (Leporinus fasciatus) is a freshwater ray-finned fish in the Anostomidae family of characid fish with toothed jaws and an adipose fin (second dorsal fin).

The Banded Leporinus has an elongated body with an upturned mouth. It is cream-coloured with 8-12 thick, black, vertical stripes on its body. It has a reddish patch underneath its mouth, and sometimes on its head and tail. 

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Tuxedo Damselfish

The Tuxedo Damselfish (Chrysiptera tricincta) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of damelfish. It is also known as the Threeband Damselfish or the Threeband Demoiselle. 

The Tuxedo Damselfish is white with three wide black vertical bands on its body. It has an oval-shaped, laterally-compressed body. It has a set of small teeth in three rows.

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Longhorn Cowfish

The Longhorn Cowfish (Lactoria cornuta) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Ostraciidae family of boxfish. It is also known as the Horned Boxfish. 

The Longhorn Cowfish is yellow with white or bluish spots, and two long horns that protrude from the front of its head. When the horns are damaged, they can grow back within a few months. The horns are mostly hollow. It has large dark eyes. It has hexagonal scales that form a solid, triangular box-like shell called a carapace. The male and the female look similar. 

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Russian Tortoise

The Russian Tortoise (Agrionemys horsfieldii) is a small chelonian reptile in the Testudinidae family. It is also known as the Afghan Tortoise, the Central Asian Tortoise, Horsfield’s Tortoise, the Steppe Tortoise, or the Four-Clawed Tortoise.

The Russian Tortoise can be various colours, but it usually has a brown or grey-black top dome-shaped shell, called a carapace. It has faded yellow-beige markings between its scutes (scales). It has a paler bottom shell, called a plastron. Its body is straw-yellow and brown. It has a small head and brown eyes. It has four toes on its thick, stumpy legs. 

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Four Stripe Damselfish

The Four Stripe Damselfish (Dascyllus melanurus) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family. It is also known as the Blacktail Dascyllus, Humbug Damselfish, and Blacktail Humbug.

The Four Stripe Damselfish has three black and white vertical stripes on its body, with a fourth black stripe ending at its tail. It has an oval-shaped, laterally-compressed body. It has a set of small teeth in three rows. 

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Red-Footed Tortoise

The Red-Footed Tortoise (Chelonoidis carbonarius) is a medium-sized land chelonian reptile. 

The Red-Footed Tortoise has a dark-coloured, oval-shaped, high-domed shell, called a carapace. The carapace has a lighter patch in the middle of each scute (scale). The undershell, called the plastron, is pale. It has pale-yellow to dark-red scales on its head and neck, whith males having more coloured scales. It has a small head with large black eyes. Its upper jaw is slightly hooked, and it has 15-20 teeth. It has stumpy, thick, short legs with four claws on its front legs and five claws on its back legs.

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Chacoan Peccary

The Chacoan Peccary (Catagonus wagneri) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal.

The Chacoan Peccary has a rounded body with a large head, long snout (nose) and short legs – similar to a wild pig. Its nose looks like a pig’s nose. It has grey or brown bristly fur. It has longer, darker hair along its spine, and white fur on its shoulders. It has white hairs around its mouth. It has a third hind (back) toe.

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Neon Tetra

The Neon Tetra (Paracheirodon innesi) is a small freshwater fish in the Characidae family of tetras. 

The Neon Tetra has a flat body with a light-blue back over a silver-white abdomen. It has an iridescent blue horizontal stripe along each side of its body from its nose to its rear fin, and an iridescent red stripe from the middle of its body to its tail fin. The colours become grey or black at night, when it rests. It has blue eyes covered with a blue stripe. 

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Tomato Clownfish

The Tomato Clownfish (Amphiprion frenatus) is a tropical marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of clownfish and damselfish. It is also known as the Blackback Anemonefish, Bridled Anemonefish, Fire Clown, or Red Tomato Clownfish.

The Tomato Clownfish has an oval-shaped, flat, compressed body. It is yellow and orange, or reddish, or blackish. Many have white bars or patches behind their eyes, with a black outline. The female is mainly blackish on her sides.

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Hottentot Teal

The Hottentot Teal (Spatula hottentota) is a bird in the Spatula genus of dabbling ducks. 

The Hottentot Teal male is dark-brown with a paler face, throat, chest, and side. It has a blackish mark near its ear. The back of its neck is spotted with black. It has an iridescent green speculum. It has brown eyes. Its beak, legs and webbed feet are bluish-grey. The female is brown and not as colourful as the male. 

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