How has a Yak adapted in high altitudes?

How has a Yak adapted in high altitudes?

A Yak is a hairy bovine, like domestic cattle and the Bison. The Wild Yak (Bos mutus) lives in mountainous regions of the Himalayas, Mongolia, and Russia. For example, the Himalayan mountains are 4,000-6,000 metres (13,000-19,000 feet) tall.

Its shaggy hair keeps it warm in the cold mountains. Its hair is thicker and longer than the hair of domestic cattle. However, it is also adapted to the high altitudes in other ways.

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Cow and Yak: what’s the difference?

What’s the difference between a cow and a yak?

The domestic Yak (Bos grunniens) is similar to domestic cattle, such as cows and bulls (Bos taurus or Bos primegenius).

They are both bovids or bovines.

They are both mammals with udders (that provide milk for their calves).

They both eat grass – they are herbivorous grazers.

They are both ungulates – they both have cloven hooves.

The domestic Yak grunts, whereas domestic cattle moo.

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Yak

The Domestic Yak (Bos grunniens) and the Wild Yak (Bos mutus) are large, long-haired, ungulate mammals in the Bovidae family of bovines, similar to cattle and bison. It is a bovid. The species, Bos grunniens, means grunting ox, and the species, Bos mutus, means mute (silent) ox. The Yak, like a cow, is an ungulate because it has cloven hooves.

The Wild Yak is black or dark brown, whereas the Domestic Yak can be rust-brown, grey, and cream. The Yak has small ears and a wide forehead, with smooth dark-coloured horns. It has a short neck with humped shoulders. The male, called a bull, has horns that extend from the sides of its head and curve forward. The female, called a cow, has smaller horns that are more upright. The tail is long and looks like a horse’s tail (long and hairy) instead of a cow’s tail (with a tuft of hair at the end).

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