CREATURE FEATURE: Addax

The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal in the antelope family. It is also known as the White Antelope and the Screwhorn Antelope. It is similar to the Scimitar Oryx.

The Addax has pale-coloured (white or sandy blonde) fur in summer that darkens to greyish-brown in winter. It has white hindquarters and legs. The hair on its head, neck, and shoulders is long and brown. Its head has brown or black markings that form an X-shape over its nose. The male and female have long, spiraled, and twisted horns. Long black hairs protrude between its horns, ending in a short mane on its neck. Its tail is short, ending with a tuft of black hair.

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Nilgai

The Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) is a bovine ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is an antelope. It is also known as a Blue Bull. 

The Nilgai has long thin legs and a sloping back. The male is bluish-grey and the female and juvenile are orange-brown. It has a white patch on its throat, and a short crest of hair along its neck. It has white facial spots. It has a tufted tail. Only the male has horns. 

It grows to 100-150 centimetres (39-59 inches) at shoulder height. Its tail is about 54 centimetres (21 inches) long. The male’s horns are 15-24 centimetres (6-9 inches) long. 

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Visayan Warty Pig

The Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons) is a critically endangered ungulate (hoofed) mammal. 

The Visayan Warty Pig has coarse dark-grey hair. Its entire body is covered in hair. It has a thin tail with a tuft of black hair at the tip. It has long, thin ears with hair tufts. It has three pairs of fleshy warts on its face. The male has prominent whiskers and small, sharp tusks. Both the male and female have scent glands near their eyes and on their feet. 

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Red River Hog

The Red River Hog (Potamochoerus porcus) is a wild mammal in the pig family.

The Red River Hog has striking orange to reddish-brown fur, with black legs and a tufted white stripe along its spine. It has white markings around its eyes and on its cheeks and jaws. The rest of its muzzle and face are black. Its entire body is covered in hair, with no bare skin visible. It has a thin tail with a tuft of black hair at the tip. It has long, thin ears with hair tufts. 

The male has prominent whiskers and small, sharp tusks. Both the male and female have scent glands near their eyes and on their feet. 

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Eurasian Eagle-Owl

The Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Bubo bubo) is a large, nocturnal bird of prey and a raptor. It is also known as the European Eagle-Owl. 

The Eurasian Eagle-Owl is heavily built with a large head, a grey facial disc, and tufted ears. It has tawny-brown feathers mottled with darker blackish feathers. It has freckling on the forehead and crown, and stripes on the nape, sides and back of the neck. Its wings and tail are barred. It has tufted feathers on its ears are called plumicorns. It has large orange eyes. It has feathered feet with sharp talons (claws). Its beak is dark-coloured. 

It can rotate its head, which gives it an arc of vision of 270 degrees. A human has an arc of vision of 120 degrees. 

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Short-Eared Owl

The Short-Eared Owl (Asio flammeus flammeus) is a medium-sized bird in the Strigidae family.

The Short-Eared Owl had mottled tawny-brown feathers with a barred tail and barred wings. It upper chest is streaked. It has short, hidden ear tufts, which are usually visible when it is defensive. It has a big head, a short neck, and large yellow-orange eyes wih black eye-rings. It has broad wings. Its beak is short, strong, hooked, and black.

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What is the difference between an African Lion and an Asiatic Lion?

What is the difference between an African Lion and an Asiatic Lion?

The African Lion (Panthera leo leo) and the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica) are both predatory mammals.

The African Lion is native to sub-Saharan Africa and the Asiatic Lion is native only to the Gir Forest in Gujarat in India.

The African Lion is bigger and heavier than the Asiatic Lion.

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Asiatic Lion

The Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) is an endangered lion, native only to the Gir Forest of India. It is also known as the Indian Lion.

The Asiatic Lion is a tawny beige colour, with some black speckles. The male has a mane of hair around its head, and the female (lioness) has no mane. It has a fold of skin along its belly, called a belly fold.

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Common Marmoset 

The Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a small monkey from South America. It is a mammal.

The Common Marmoset is small with a long banded (striped) tail. It has brown, grey, and yellow fur. It has white ear tufts. It has black across its nose and a white patch on its forehead. On its fingers, it has claw-like nails, called tegulaes. On its feet, only its big toes have toenails.

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Common Eland

The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is also called the Southern Eland. It is a large antelope from eastern or southern Africa – the second largest antelope in the world (second to the Giant Eland).

The Common Eland has tan fur, with or without narrow white vertical stripes on its large body. It has small, round, narrow ears and a long, thin tail with a black tuft of hair at the end. It has a black stripe behind its front knees. The male has a dark mark on its face, a large dewlap on its throat (loose skin), and long, almost straight horns with one or two twists. The female has longer, thinner horns than the male.

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Grant’s Gazelle

The Grant’s Gazelle (Gazella granti) is a large African antelope.

The Grant’s Gazelle has sand-coloured fur with white underparts. It has a white tail with a black tuft of hair at the end. It has a white throat patch and facial markings. The male has horns that are large, thick, and strongly ridged, growing to 50-80 centimetres (20-32 inches) long. The female has very small horns, that are 30-45 centimetres (12-18 inches) long.

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White Rhinoceros

The White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is also called the Square-Lipped Rhinoceros. Most rhinos in zoos are Southern White Rhinoceroses. There are only two Northern White Rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium cottoni) left in the world – two females – and they are in the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya under 24-hour armed guard. There were three Northern White Rhinos, but Sudan, a male, died of old age on 19 March 2018 at the age of 45.

The White Rhinoceros is an African mammal and the largest rhinoceros in the world. It is grey and hairless, except for hair on the ears and tail tuft.

It has a wide mouth, a broad body, a large head, a short neck, and stumpy legs with three toes on each foot. It has two horn-like keratin growths, one behind the other. The front horn is larger than the second horn. The front horn is about 60 centimetres (2 feet) long.

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Black-Capped Capuchin

The Black-Capped Capuchin (Sapajus apella) is an arboreal (tree) primate, that is also called the Tufted Capuchin. It is from the rainforests of South America. It was previously classified as Cebus apella, but it was changed in 2011.

It has dark brown-grey, rough fur, and a long thick tail. It has black hands and feet.

The cap or tuft is a bunch of hair on its forehead that looks like a wig or a hat.

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