Pertinax Dronefly

The Pertinax Dronefly (Eristalis pertinax) is a common and widespread insect in the Syrphidae family of hoverflies. It is the mostly widely distributed syrphid species in the world. 

It is a bee mimic – because it looks like a bee.

The Pertinax Dronefly is bee-like with yellow and orange or reddish markings. It has six legs, a pair of wings, and large brown eyes. The lower part of its legs (tarsi) are yellow. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: South American Cougar

The South American Cougar (Puma concolor puma) is a large wild cat in the Felidae family. It is a felid. It is a sub-species of the Cougar (Puma concolor). It is also known as the Puma.

The South American Cougar is one colour (concolor means one colour), which is usually tawny brown or reddish-brown. It has lighter patches on its underbelly, chin, and throat.has a rounded head, and a long, slender body with powerful forequarters, larger front feet, and large paws. It has four retractile claws on each hind (back) paw and five retractile claws on its forepaws (front paws), but one is a dewclaw (digit). Retractile claws can extend and retract, protecting them with a sheath of skin when they are not being used. 

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The Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra) is a semi-aquatic mammal in the Mustelidae family of weasels and otters. It is also known as the European Otter, Common Otter, Old World Otter, and Eurasian River Otter.

The Eurasian Otter has a streamlined, elongated body, and a long, strong, flat tail. It has two layers of dense brown water-repellent fur, and a cream underbelly. It has a short neck, small dark eyes, a black nose, long white whiskers, and small rounded ears. It has five long toes and webbed feet to swim in water, but it needs air to breathe.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Green Basilisk Lizard

The Green Basilisk Lizard (Basiliscus plumifrons) is a reptile in the Corytophanidae family of iguana lizards. It is also known as the Plumed Basilisk and the Double Crested Basilisk.

The Green Basilisk Lizard is brilliant green with bright yellow eyes, and small blue spots on the ridge of its back. The male has three crests: one crest on its head, one crest on its back, and one crest on its tail. The female only has the head crest. 

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South American Sea Lion

The South American Sea Lion (Otaria flavescens) is a marine (saltwater) mammal in the Otariidae family of sea lions and fur seals. It is an otariid, which is an eared sea lion. It is also known as the Southern Sea Lion and the Patagonian Sea Lion.

The South American Sea Lion has orange to brown fur. The male has a very large mane of hair on its back, like other sea lions. It has a sleek, slender build with a thick neck, broad chest, broad shoulders, and a long, protruding face and upturned nose. It has white whiskers on its chin called vibrissae. It has small external ears on the sides of its face. 

It has flippers for swimming. Its movement in water is called aquatic locomotion. Its body is streamlined with oily fur for swimming fast underwater. Its fatty body has blubber, which keeps it warm and buoyant. It has a flexible spine (backbone). On land, it walks on its foreflippers (front flippers). 

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European Drone Fly

The European Drone Fly (Eristalis arbustorum) is a common and widespread insect in the Syrphidae family of hoverflies. It is a syrphid. It is also known as the Hoverfly. 

It is a bee mimic, because it looks like a bee, such as a Honey Bee.

The European Drone Fly is bee-like with yellow and orange or reddish markings. It has a distinctive marking on its thorax. It has six legs, a pair of wings, and large brown-haired eyes.

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Longhorn Cowfish

The Longhorn Cowfish (Lactoria cornuta) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Ostraciidae family of boxfish. It is also known as the Horned Boxfish. 

The Longhorn Cowfish is yellow with white or bluish spots, and two long horns that protrude from the front of its head. When the horns are damaged, they can grow back within a few months. The horns are mostly hollow. It has large dark eyes. It has hexagonal scales that form a solid, triangular box-like shell called a carapace. The male and the female look similar. 

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Clown Triggerfish

The Clown Triggerfish (Balistoides conspicillum) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Balistidae family of triggerfish. It is also known as the Clown Trigger and the Bigspotted Triggerfish. 

The Clown Triggerfish has a flat, laterally compressed, oval-shaped body. It is black with the lower half of its body covered with large, white spots. The top part of its body is yellowish with a leopard-skin pattern. It has a yellow ring around its mouth, surrounded by a thin, white ring. It has yellowish markings near its tail. It has a small mouth with sharp teeth. Its fins are white and its tail is white with two black margins.

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Powder Blue Tang

The Powder Blue Tang (Acanthurus leucosternon) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Acanthuridae surgeonfish family. It is also known as the Powder-Blue Surgeonfish. 

The Powder Blue Tang is blue with a streak of yellow on its dorsal fin. Its face is blue-black and its mouth, throat, and pelvic fins are white. It has an oval-shaped, flat, compressed body. It has a small mouth shaped like a parrot’s beak, with sharp teeth. 

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Mediterranean Moray Eel

The Mediterranean Moray Eel (Muraena helena) is a marine (saltwater) fish. It is also known as the Roman Eel.

The Mediterranean Moray Eel has an elongated body, which can be dark-grey or dark-brown with small dark spots. Unlike fish, it does not have scales on its body. Its dorsal (back) fin runs along the top of its body. It does not have pectoral (side) fins. It has a long mouth with sharp teeth. It has gills to breath. 

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Golden Lion Tamarin

The Golden Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) is an endangered mammal in the Callitrichidae family of small monkeys. It is also known as the Golden Marmoset. 

The Golden Lion Tamarin has bright reddish-orange fur with a mane around its face and ears. Its face is dark and hairless. It has elongated hands and fingers, with claw-like nails which enable it to cling to tree trunks. 

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The Caracal (Caracal caracal) is a medium-sized carnivorous felid mammal in the Felides family of wild cats. 

The Caracal has reddish, tan-coloured or sandy-coloured fur. Its sides are lighter with small, reddish markings, and its underbelly is white. It has a strong build, and long legs with large broad paws. It has a short face with black markings on its whiskper pads and around its green, grey, or golden-brown eyes. It has long canine teeth. It has large black ears with ear tufts. It has a short tail. The female is lighter in colour than the male, and shorter. 

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Northern Shoveler

The Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) is a freshwater, wetlands dabbling duck. It is a bird. Spatula means spoon – it has a spoon-shaped beak.

The Northern Shoveler has a large, broad, greyish spoon-shaped beak, called a spatulate beak. It often has an orange colour on the cutting edge of its beak and lower jaw. The male has an iridescent dark-green head, white chest, chestnut belly, and chestnut side feathers. In the breeding season, the male has a white crescent on each side of its face. The female is pale mottled brown.

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