Cave Cricket

The Cave Cricket (Phaeophilacris bredoides) is an insect that looks like a spider, but it is related to the grasshopper.

The Cave Cricket has three segments: head, thorax, and abdomen. It is yellowish-grey to brown with a long body, long antennae and long hind legs (back legs). Its legs are covered with small, dark spots. It needs long antennae to feel surfaces and its prey in the dark. It has three pairs of legs (6 legs) with one pair of antennae, and a pair of false legs near its tail to act as stabilizers.

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Asian Golden Eagle

The Asian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea) is a large bird of prey, and one of the most common. It is a raptor and an accipiter. It is also called the Himalayan Golden Eagle or the Berkut.

The Asian Golden Eagle is dark-brown with red-golden-brown feathers on the back of its neck. It is blackish on its back. It has white on its tail and some white markings on its long, strong wings. It has a grey beak with a dark, sharply down-turned tip. Its beak has a yellow cere. It has grey legs, and grey feet with long claws.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Blue Poison Dart Frog

The Blue Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates tinctorius azureus) is a medium-sized poisonous amphibian.

The Blue Poison Dart Frog has bright blue skin, with a darker blue belly and darker blue limbs. It has black spots. It has a hunched back. Each foot has four toes, with suction cups to grip surfaces. Males have heart-shaped tips on each toe, whereas females have rounded tips.

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Asiatic Lion

The Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) is an endangered lion, native only to the Gir Forest of India. It is also known as the Indian Lion.

The Asiatic Lion is a tawny beige colour, with some black speckles. The male has a mane of hair around its head, and the female (lioness) has no mane. It has a fold of skin along its belly, called a belly fold.

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The Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is also called the Forest Giraffe, the Congolese Giraffe or the Zebra Giraffe. It is related to the giraffe; it is a giraffid. It is a ruminant ungulate mammal – a plant eating hoofed animal. It is an artiodactyl.

The Okapi has chocolate to reddish brown fur. Its legs have white horizontal stripes with white ankles. Its face, throat, and chest are greyish white. It has a long neck and large flexible ears. Males have short ossicones (like giraffes) that are bony structures covered in hair – they are not horns. It has a long tongue.

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Banded Demoiselle Damselfly

The Banded Demoiselle (Calopteryx splendens) is a damselfly (Zygoptera) from the Calopterygidae dragonfly family. It is an insect.

The Banded Demoiselle has an iridescent dark blue-green body with greenish tinted, translucent wings. Each of its four wings has a wide brown band. Females have a metallic green or bronze body with greenish tinted wings, without the brown bands. The last three body segments are white, and are referred to as the ‘white rear light.’

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The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) is a large feline from Central Asia and South Asia. It is also called the Ounce.

The Snow Leopard has thick whitish-grey fur with black spots on its head and neck, and larger rosette shapes on its back, sides, and tail. It has a whitish underbelly. Its nose is short. Its tail is bushy, long, and flexible. It has a strong, stocky body, with short legs and broad paws. Its eyes are pale-green or grey. Its ears are small and rounded.

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Smith’s Bush Squirrel

The Smith’s Bush Squirrel (Paraxerus cepapi) is also called the Tree Squirrel or the Yellow-Footed Squirrel. It is a common African bush squirrel – it is a mammal.

The Smith’s Bush Squirrel has pale grey to brown short fur. Its head and legs are a rusty colour. It has large dark eyes, small ears, and short, black whiskers. Its chest varies from yellowish to buff or white. Its belly is white, and its feet are yellowish. Its tail is long and bushy.

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Red-Collared Widowbird

The Red-Collared Widowbird (Euplectes ardens) is a small bird found in eastern and southern Africa.

The Red-Collared Widowbird is black with a long tail. It has white streaks on is back, wings, and undertail. It has a brilliant red crescent-shaped patch on its neck (collar) and crown (cap). When it is not breeding season, the male has brown feathers. Females are brown with a short tail. It has a grey beak and grey legs.

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African Leopard 

The African Leopard (Panthera pardus) is a large feline, a wild cat. It is a mammal.

The African Leopard has a short coat of cream-yellow fur with dark-brown or black spots grouped into rosettes all over its body – on its fur and on its skin. Inside the rosettes is a yellowish-cream spot. It has short powerful legs with heavy feet, a strong body, thick neck, and a long tail. Its claws can retract (move in and out). Its ears are short and rounded, and its eyes have white underneath. It has thick whiskers.

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Rufous-Naped Lark

The Rufous-Naped Lark (Mirafra africana) is a short-tailed bird from Africa.

The Rufous-Naped Lark has rufous (red-brown) wings and back of neck. Its body is brown with contrasting dark streaks. It has a cream-coloured underbelly. It eyes are hazel brown with a creamy-buff eyebrow. Its beak is blackish to pinkish with a straight lower beak, and longish, curved upper beak. Its tail is dark-brown. Its feet are pink to pink-brown.

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Small Copper Butterfly

The Small Copper Butterfly (Lycaena phlaeas) is a small butterfly of the Lycaenid family – the gossamer-winged butterflies.

The Small Copper Butterfly has bright metallic orange scales with a dark edged border and with eight or nine black spots. Its hindwings (back wings) are dark with an orange border. Some females have a row of tiny light-blue spots inside the orange border on its hind legs – known as caeruleopunctata. The undersides of its wings are lighter in colour.

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Thomson’s Gazelle

The Thomson’s Gazelle (Gazella thomsonii) is a common large east African antelope. It is nicknamed the Tommy.

The Thomson’s Gazelle has cinnamon-coloured fur with white underparts (but not above the tail), separated by a bold black side stripe. It has a black tail. It has a white throat patch and facial markings. It has a dark marking on its face. The male has horns that are large and strongly ridged, growing to 25-43 centimetres (10-17 inches) long. The female has very small horns, that are 8-15 centimetres (3-6 inches) long.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Long-Crested Eagle

The Long-Crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis) is an African raptor, a bird of prey. It is an accipiter.

The Long-Crested Eagle is black-brown over most of its body, with patches of white on its wings. It has a long, shaggy crest. It has black and grey bars on its tail. Its eyes are big and bright yellow. It has a a black beak with a yellow cere, and yellow legs.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Saddle-billed Stork

The Saddle-Billed Stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis) is the largest African stork, with a height of 1.8 metres (six feet) and a wingspan of 2.7 metres (9 feet).

It has striking colours with an iridescent black head, neck, back, wings, and tail. The rest of the body and primary flight feathers are white.

The long beak (bill) is red with a black band and a yellow shield, which is called the saddle (like a horse saddle). They have black legs and feet with pink knees.

Males have black eyes and females have yellow eyes.

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