CREATURE FEATURE: Southern Crowned Pigeon

The Southern Crowned Pigeon (Goura scheepmakeri) is a bird. It is also known as the Scheepmaker’s Crowned Pigeon because it was named after C. Scheepmaker.

The Southern Crowned Pigeon has bluish-grey feathers with elaborate blue lacy crests. It has a maroon-purplish chest. It has large red eyes. Males and females have a similar appearance. 

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Springtail

The Springtail (Microfalcula delamarei) is a micro-small, wingless hexapod. A hexapod has three pairs of legs (6 legs), but it is not an insect. 

It is entognathous, which means that is has internal mouthparts in a gnathal (jaw) pouch. It is in the Collembola class and the Entomobryoidea super-family – like a terrestrial crustacean, because scientists think that it evolved from marine (saltwater) shrimp, crabs, and lobsters. Scientists first thought that it was an insect, but they have now changed the category to an entognathous animal.

The Springtail has three parts: the head capsule, a thorax (with three segments and 6 legs), and an abdomen (with five segments). Therefore, it looks like an insect. It has small antennae, two eyes, and mouthparts. The mouthparts have a pair of jaws. The two eyes are called composed eyes, because they are composed of 8 single eyes. It does not have a throat, so it breathes through a porous cuticle. 

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European Hare

The European Hare (Lepus europaeus) is a lagomorph, specifically a leporid mammal, such as hares and rabbits. It is also known as the Brown Hare.

The European Hare has grey, rufous (red-brown), or brown fur. It has a white underbelly. It has black-tipped elongated ears, long legs, a flexible neck, and a short, stub, white tail, called a scut. It has large incisors (front teeth) as well as cheek teeth. It has orange-brown eyes.

Its head and body length can range from 60-75 centimetres (24-30 inches), with a tail length of 7-11 centimetres (3-4 inches). Its ears range from 9-11 centimetres (3.5-4 inches).

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Caucasian Shield Bug

The Caucasian Shield Bug (Apodiphus amygdali) is an insect in the Pentatomidae family, subfamily Pentatominae. It is also known as the Stink Bug because it has an unpleasant smell when it is squashed.

The Caucasian Shield Bug is blackish-brown with a trapezoidal shape (the shape of a shield). The shield is called a scutellum. The shield has yellowish speckled markings. Its antennae have five segments (Pentatominae means ‘five segments’). Its greyish-black legs, called tarsi, have three segments. It has forewings (front wings) called hemelytra, and it also has hindwings (back wings). It has a sucking mouthpart.

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Red-Legged Seriema

The Red-Legged Seriema (Cariama cristata) is a medium-sized bird. It is also called the Crested Cariama.

The Red-Legged Seriema has medium-brown feathers with black markings. It has a pale-brown head, neck and chest, with white on its underbelly. It has a long neck, long tail, and long red legs. Its beak is red and its eyes are yellow. It has soft feathers emerging from the base of its beak. Its tail has a black band near the tip, with a white band at the tip.

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Monocled Cobra

The Monocled Cobra (Naja kaouthia) is a venomous snake, and a reptile. It has an O-shaped monocellate hood pattern, which is different from the spectacled pattern of the Indian Cobra.

The Monocled Cobra may be brown, yellow, grey, blackish, or albino, with or without banded markings. It becomes paler as it ages. It has a black spot on each side of its hooded head. It has a pair of fixed anterior (front) fangs.

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Taylor’s Cantil Snake

The Taylor’s Cantil (Agkistrodon tylori) is a venomous snake and a reptile. It is related to a pit viper. It is also known as the Ornate Cantil.

The Taylor’s Cantil has a thick dark-brown to black body with white, orange, or yellow bands. It also has white stripes with orange or yellow along both sides of its head and mouth. Its head is triangular. It has long, hinged fangs.

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Hawaiian Goose

The Hawaiian Goose (Branta sandvicensis) is a medium-sized bird. It is a water fowl. It is considered to be the world’s rarest goose.

The Hawaiian Goose is grey with black-striped markings, a black head, and chestnut-coloured cheeks. It has a dark-grey beak and dark-grey legs. It has partially webbed feet so that it can walk over rocky terrain. It does not waddle like other geese.

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Carrion Crow

The Carrion Crow (Corvus corone) is a medium-sized common corvid bird.

The Carrion Crow is black with a green or purple iridescent sheen. Its beak, legs, and feet are black. It has a strong stout dark-grey beak. Its nostrils have bristle-like (hairy) feathers. It has relatively short, broad wings in comparison with rooks and ravens.

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Kurdistan Chukar Partridge

The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar kurdestanica) is a game bird in the Phasianidae family of pheasants. It is called Chukar Partridge because it makes a chuck, chuck sound.

The Kurdistan Chukar Partridge has black and white bars on its sides and a black band on its forehead across its eye and down its white throat to form a necklace. It has a plump, rounded body with a grey to light-brown back, grey chest, and patches of chestnut-brown to rufous (red-brown) feathers. It has rounded wings. It has red feet, a red beak, and red patches on its eye-ring. Females are slightly smaller and do not have a spur on their feet. Its tail has 14 feathers.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Eastern Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard

The Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard (Tiliqua scincoides) is a skink – a reptile. The Eastern Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard (Tiliqua scincoides scincoides) is native specifically to southern and eastern Australia.

The Eastern Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard has a thick body and short legs. It has a distinct head. It has a blue tongue, and flat teeth. It can be varied colours, but is usually brown and brown-grey. The photographed Blue-Tongued Lizard is albino.

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Domestic Pig

The Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus or Sus domesticus) is an even-toed ungulate mammal. It is an artiodactyl.

The Pig has a stout body with sparse bristles (hair) on its skin. It has hardly any hair, and it is considered to be hairless (like the elephant and rhinoceros). It has a long, pointed head with a snout. It has 44 teeth (humans have 32 teeth). It is an ungulate – hoofed feet – with two toes on each foot.

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Gould’s Monitor Lizard

The Gould’s Monitor Lizard (Varanus gouldii) is a large Australian reptile, also known as the Sand Goanna, Sand Monitor, or Racehorse Goanna.

The Gould’s Monitor Lizard varies in colour and pattern. Its back can be brown to greenish-grey or almost black, with scattered markings and spots of lighter colours, usually yellowish to cream. Its underbelly is yellow or cream with dark markings. Usually it has a black stripe on the side of its head, with cream or yellowish stripes above and below the black stripe. Its tail is light-brown or black, with a white or yellow tip. It has a forked tongue. It has long, sharp claws.

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