CREATURE FEATURE: Eastern Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard

The Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard (Tiliqua scincoides) is a skink – a reptile. The Eastern Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard (Tiliqua scincoides scincoides) is native specifically to southern and eastern Australia.

The Eastern Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard has a thick body and short legs. It has a distinct head. It has a blue tongue, and flat teeth. It can be varied colours, but is usually brown and brown-grey. The photographed Blue-Tongued Lizard is albino.

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Domestic Pig

The Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus or Sus domesticus) is an even-toed ungulate mammal. It is an artiodactyl.

The Pig has a stout body with sparse bristles (hair) on its skin. It has hardly any hair, and it is considered to be hairless (like the elephant and rhinoceros). It has a long, pointed head with a snout. It has 44 teeth (humans have 32 teeth). It is an ungulate – hoofed feet – with two toes on each foot.

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Gould’s Monitor Lizard

The Gould’s Monitor Lizard (Varanus gouldii) is a large Australian reptile, also known as the Sand Goanna, Sand Monitor, or Racehorse Goanna.

The Gould’s Monitor Lizard varies in colour and pattern. Its back can be brown to greenish-grey or almost black, with scattered markings and spots of lighter colours, usually yellowish to cream. Its underbelly is yellow or cream with dark markings. Usually it has a black stripe on the side of its head, with cream or yellowish stripes above and below the black stripe. Its tail is light-brown or black, with a white or yellow tip. It has a forked tongue. It has long, sharp claws.

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Chestnut-Bellied Sandgrouse

The Chestnut-Bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus) is a terrestrial bird from Africa. The photographed sub-species Pterocles exustus olivascens is from eastern Africa.

The Chestnut-Bellied Sandgrouse is the only east African sandgrouse with long, fine-pointed tail feathers. It has a small, pigeon-like buff-coloured, streaky brown head and neck, and a sturdy compact body. It has dark wing linings and a dark belly, with lighter brown upperparts. It has short cream-coloured legs, and a grey beak. It has a white line above its eyes, and round dark eyes with a cream-yellow eye-ring.

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White-Throated Savanna Monitor Lizard

The White-Throated Savannah Monitor Lizarad (Varanus albigularis albigularis) is a medium-sized lizard from southern Africa. It is a reptile.

The White-Throated Savannah Monitor is grey or brown with a pronounced bulbous head, and large ear holes and large nostrils. It has 3-8 white cross-bars or rows of white sports on its body. The top of the head is dark, and its underbelly is paler. It has short legs with large claws on its feet. It has small eyes with round pupils. It forked tongue is long and blue.

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Tanzanian Red Legged Millipede

The Tanzanian Red Legged Millipede (Ephibolus pulchripes) is a large Diplopoda – arthropod with two pairs of jointed legs – from Tanzania and southern Kenya. Millipede means a thousand legs, but it does not have a thousand legs. It is a myriapod – a many-legged animal.

The Tanzanian Red Legged Millipede has a long black body, with hard plates, and bright red legs (up to 750). The male has a shiny body and the female has a dull body. Its head is red and round with a pair of large jaws. On its head are two antennae.

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Asian Blue Forest Scorpion

The Scorpion is widespread across the world. The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion (Heterometrus cyaneus), from the Scorpionidae family, is native to tropical Borneo, Phillipines, and Indonesia. It is not an insect (6 legs). It is an arachnid (8 legs).

The Asian Blue Forest Scorpion has an exoskeleton (outer skeleton or armour) which is black-blue and shiny. It has two eyes on top of its head and 2-5 pairs of eyes on the corners of its head.

Its body has two segments: the cephalothorax (head) and the segmented opisthosoma (abdomen). It has a long, segmented tail. Its tail curves forward and over its back, with a stinger on the end. Its two front appendages (like thick antennae) have large pedipalps (claws or pincers) at the end. In has 8 legs, which are attached to the thorax (chest).

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Somali Kori Bustard

The Somali Kori Bustard (Ardeotis kori struthiunculus) is the largest flying bird native to Africa.

The Somali Kori Bustard has a large head and long thin yellowish-white legs. It has mostly grey and brown feathers, finely patterned with black and white markings. Its neck is black and grey-brown with a black collar, whereas its chin and throat are white with thin black bars. It has a black crest. Above it pale yellow eyes is a white stripe. Its belly is white, and its tail has broad grey-brown bands. Its beak is light green. Its feet have three forward-facing toes.

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African Tiger Snake

The African Tiger Snake (Telescopus semiannulatus) is from central, eastern, and southern Africa. It is a rear-fanged colubrid, which is not venomous to humans.

The African Tiger Snake has pale orange or salmon pink scales with 24-48 black or dark brown bars on its back and tail. Its underbelly is pale yellow or orange. It has a narrow body, long tail, and a distinct head with large orange eyes that have vertical pupils.

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Rhinoceros Horned Viper

The Rhinoceros Horned Viper (Bitis nasicornis) is a venomous snake from West Africa and Central Africa. It is also called a Horned Puff Adder.

The Rhinoceros Horned Viper has a narrow, flat, triangular head with a distinctive set of two or three horn-like scales on the end of its nose. The front pair of horns is quite long. Its eyes are small and are in a forward position on its head. Its fangs are small, about 1.5 centimetres (half an inch) long.

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Yellow-Necked Spurfowl

The Yellow-Necked Spurfowl (Pternistis leucoscepus) is also called the Yellow-Necked Francolin. It is an East African bird, found in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.

The Yellow-Necked Spurfowl is a medium-sized terrestrial (ground) bird with dark-grey feathers, flecked with white. It has a grey head, a red mask around its eyes, and a yellow patch on its neck. It has a short, dark-grey beak and dark-grey legs.

Each of their legs has one short spur at the back. A spur is an outgrowth of bone, similar to a horn. Only spurfowl, turkeys, and guineafowl have spurs on the back of their legs. The spurs might be used in defense.

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Egyptian Cobra

The Egyptian Cobra (Naja haje) is an African snake, and one of the largest cobra species. The largest is the Forest Cobra (Naja melanoleuca).

The colour of the Egyptian Cobra varies, but most are brown or coppery, or even black, often with lighter or darker mottling, and often a tear-drop mark below the eye.

The Egyptian Cobra has a large head. Its neck has long cervical ribs capable of expanding to form a hood, like all other cobras. The nose of the Egyptian cobra is broad and rounded. The eyes are quite big with round pupils. The body of the Egyptian Cobra is cylindrical and stout with a long tail.

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