What is the difference between Old World monkeys and New World monkeys?
Old World monkeys live in the African continent, in coastal Arabia, and in Asia. New World monkeys live mainly in the tropical rain forests of South American countries.
Old World monkeys belong to one family called the Ceropithecidae family. They are catarrhines, which means that they have narrow, downward noses. Apes and humans also have downward noses.
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The Red-Tailed Monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius) is a primate in the Cercopithecidae family of monkeys. It is also known as the Black-Cheeked White-Nosed Monkey, the Red-Tailed Guenon, or the Schmidt’s Guenon.
The Red-Tailed Monkey has short, dark-grey to black fur, with a long reddish-brown tail. It has white cheeks and a white nose.
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The Agile Gibbon (Hylobates agilis) is an arboreal primate mammal in the Gibbon family. It is also known as the Black-Handed Gibbon. It is not a monkey because it does not have a tail.
The Agile Gibbon ranges in colour from red-brown to black. It has a white brow. The male has white or light-grey cheeks. It has very long arms, which enable it to swing from branch to branch very quickly.
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The European Green Lizard (Lacerta viridis) is a reptile.
The European Green Lizard is green with small spots on its back. The male has a bluish throat, and the female’s throat is lighter blue. It is well camouflaged in the grass. It drops its tail to evade predators. The tail regenerates – it grows back. This is called autotomy.
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The Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized wild cat: a feline mammal. It is a felid.
The Eurasian Lynx has short reddish or brown fur in summer and thick, silky silver-grey to greyish-brown fur in winter, with a long grey and white ruff. Its underbelly, neck and chin are white. Its fur has black spots, although some Lynxes have dark-brown stripes on their forehead and back. It has black tufts of hair on its ears. It has powerful long legs with large webbed, furred paws to enable it to swim and to walk on snowy ground. It has a bobbed tail with a black tip.
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The Back Bearded Saki (Chiropotes satanas) is an arboreal primate monkey. It is a mammal.
The Back Bearded Saki has thick, black fur. It has a distinctive thick beard and a bushy black fox-like tail. It has some yellowish-brown markings around its back and shoulders. It has a dark nose and dark eyes. The male has a bulging forehead.
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The Binturong (Arctictis binturong) is an arboreal mammal. It is also known as a Bearcat. It is not related to bears and it is not related to cats. It is closely related to the Palm Civet. It is a viverrid.
The Binturong has a grey-black, thick, furry body with short legs. Its tail is long, bushy, curls inwards at the end, and is prehensile, which means that it can wrap around branches. It has a short, turned-up, black rounded nose covered with bristly hairs. It has long whiskers.
Its eyes are large and black, with a vertical pupil. It has short, rounded ears, edged with white, with tufts of black hair. It has six short rounded incisor teeth in each jaw, two long sharp canine teeth, and six molar teeth on each side of its jaw. Its five toes have long claws. It has musk glands that emit a scent.
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The Red-Faced Black Spider Monkey (Ateles paniscus paniscus) is a mammal. It is also known as the Guiana Spider Monkeyor Red-Faced Spider Monkey.
The Red-Faced Black Spider Monkey has long, black hair and a red-pinkish bare face. It has a long, prehensile tail that can grasp tree branches. It has long limbs and long fingers.
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The Great Argus (Argusianus argus) is a bird in the pheasant family. It is a Galliforme, which includes heavy-bodied ground-feeding birds, such as the turkey, grouse, chicken, quail, partridge, francolin, and pheasant. It is also known as the Giant Argus.
The Great Argus has brown feathers and a blue head and neck, with a rufous (red-brown) upper chest. It has black hair-like feathers on its crown and nape. It has red legs. The male has very long tail feathers and wing feathers covered in eye-spots. The female has a shorter tail and fewer eye-spots on its wings.
The Argus in Greek mythology is a hundred-eyed giant. The Great Argus bird has eye-shaped pattern on its wings that resemble the hundred-eyed giant.
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The Rock Squirrel (Otospermophilus variegatus) is a small arboreal (tree) rodent mammal.
The Rock Squirrel has speckled grey-black fur. It has a long, bushy tail, short feet with short claws, a small nose with whiskers, and small rounded ears. Its eyes have light-coloured eye-rings.
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How does the Tree-Kangaroo climb trees?
There is only one species of arboreal (tree living) kangaroos in the world. It is the Goodfellow’s Tree-Kangaroo (Dendrolagus goodfellowi). Other kangaroos are terrestrial, living on the ground.
The Tree-Kangaroo has adaptations to its feet to enable it to climb trees.
The Tree-Kangaroo has longer and wider hind (back) feet, with longer curved nails, than the terrestrial kangaroo.
The Tree-Kangaroo has longer front paws than the terrestrial kangaroo.
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A rat has a long tail with no fur.
A rat’s tail is usually pinkish or greyish.
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The L’Hoest’s Monkey (Cercopithecus lhoesti) is a primate. It is also known as the Mountain Monkey.
The L’Hoest’s Monkey has a short-haired, dark-brown coat, with a chestnut coloured back and a dark belly. It has a white beard. Its cheeks are light-grey, and it chest is white. Its tail is long and hook-shaped at the end.
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The Red-Billed Blue Magpie (Urocissa erythrorhyncha) is a bird in the corvid family of crows and magpies.
The Red-Billed Blue Magpie has a black head, black neck, and black chest with bluish spots on its crown. Its shoulders and rump are duller blue and its underparts are greyish-cream. Its long tail is brighter blue with a broad white tip. Its undertail has white bands. Its beak is bright orange-red. Its legs, feet, and eye-rings are also orange-red.
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The Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus) is a common small rodent mammal and a muroid. It is also known as the Common Rat, the Street Rat, the Sewer Rat, the Hanover Rat, the Norway Rat, the Parisian Rat, the Water Rat, or the Wharf Rat.
The Brown Rat has coarse brown or grey fur. Its underbelly is lighter grey, brown, or whitish. It has a long body and a long tail. It has excellent hearing and sharp gnawing teeth.
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The Long-Tailed Paradise Whydah (Vidua paradisaea) is a small, brown sparrow-like bird. It is also known as the Eastern Paradise Whydah.
The male Long-Tailed Paradise Whydah has a black head and back, with a rusty-brown chest, bright yellow nape, and buffy-white abdomen with four broad, elongated black tail feathers. The female is brown and white and lacks the long black tail feathers.
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The Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) is a small passerine songbird.
The Black Drongo is all black with glossy feathers and a distinctive forked tail. It has a small white dot at the base of its mouth. It has dark-brown eyes.
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The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is a common and widespread mammal.
The Red Fox has reddish fur with yellow tints. Its winter fur is dense, long, soft, and silky. It sides are lighter than its back and its chin, lower lips, throat and front of the chest are white. The tip of its fluffy tail is white. It has a long body, long narrow head, and short legs. Its front paws have five toes and its back paws have four toes. Each toe has a strong claw. It has oval-shaped pupils with excellent vision.
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What is the difference between the African Leopard (Panthera pardus), the Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis), the Persian Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) and the Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia)?
The African Leopard, Amur Leopard, Persian Leopard, and Snow Leopard are all solitary, elusive, large felines or wild cats. All of the leopards have pale-green or grey eyes.
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The Reeves’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) is a large galliform game bird.
The Reeves’s Pheasant has gold, white, black, and reddish feathers, grey legs, and bare red skin around its eyes. Its beak is pale-cream, and its head is white with a narrow black band across its brown eyes. It has a very long, silvery-white tail with chestnut-brown bars. The female is brown with a blackish crown, a buff face, and a barred greyish-brown tail.
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