The Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus biarmicus) is a medium-sized bird. It is a raptor, a bird of prey.
The Lanner Falcon has grey-brown feathers on upperparts, streaked with white throughout its underparts. It has a rufous (red-brown) crown and back of neck, with a white throat. It has black-brown patches on its cheeks – a bit like a moustache. It has yellow legs with short claws, and large strong toes.
It has a short, hooked pale beak with a dark-grey tip and a white cere. The eyes are distinctive with a large, round, black pupil and an almond-shaped blue-grey to pale-yellow eye-ring. Juveniles have blue-grey eye-rings, and adults have pale-yellow eye-rings.
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The Speckled Pigeon (Columba guinea) is also called the African Rock Pigeon. It is a common medium-sized African bird.
The Speckled Pigeon has rufous (red-brown) wings and back. Its wings are speckled with white spots. Its upperparts and underparts are blue-grey. Its head is grey with red patches around its eyes. Its neck is brownish, streaked with white. Its beak is pale and its legs are red.
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The Red-Rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica) is a small bird from Europe, Asia, and Africa. The African Red-Rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica emini) is from Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, and Zambia. Unlike the European swallows, which are migratory, the African Red-Rumped Swallows are resident (they do not fly to another location in winter).
The Red-Rumped Swallow is a blue-black with a rufous (red-brown) rump with rufous patches on the sides of its head. It has rufous underparts with a pale throat. Its tail is plain and forked. It has dark eyes, a small grey beak, and pink-grey legs.
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The Red-Winged Starling (Onychognathus morio) is a medium-sized African bird in the Sturnidae family.
The Red-Winged Starling has iridescent black feathers with rufous (red-brown) flight feathers. The female has an ash-grey head and upper chest. It has dark eyes, a thick black beak, and black legs.
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The Rufous-Naped Lark (Mirafra africana) is a short-tailed bird from Africa.
The Rufous-Naped Lark has rufous (red-brown) wings and back of neck. Its body is brown with contrasting dark streaks. It has a cream-coloured underbelly. It eyes are hazel brown with a creamy-buff eyebrow. Its beak is blackish to pinkish with a straight lower beak, and longish, curved upper beak. Its tail is dark-brown. Its feet are pink to pink-brown.
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The Kenyan Red-Capped Lark (Calandrella cinerea williamsi) is a small African songbird. The African Red-Capped Lark (Calandrella cinerea) is found in southern and eastern Africa, with the Kenyan Red-Capped Lark localized to western Kenya (Calandrella cinerea saturatior) and central Kenya (Calandrella cinerea williamsi).
The Red-Capped Lark is streaky grey-brown with a rufous (red-brown) cap. It has white underparts and red shoulders. Young larks lack the red cap and red shoulders.
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The Augur Buzzard (Buteo augur) is an African raptor; a bird of prey.
The Augur Buzzard has black upperparts with a rufous (red-brown) tail. Its flight feathers are black and off-white (with black bars, or bands). The throat is mainly white, and the underparts and underwings are white. It has a grey beak with a yellowish cere. Its eyes are black. Its legs are creamy-yellow.
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The Eastern Spinebill (Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris) is an Australian honeyeater, a small bird that is also called the Spine-Billed Honeyeater.
The Eastern Spinebill has a black head, white throat with a rufous (red-brown) patch, a brownish nape, a grey-brown back, and pale cinnamon underparts. It has a dark tail tipped with white. It has a long, thin down-curved black beak. It has red eyes.
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The White-Browed Coucal (Centropus superciliosus) is a common sub-Saharan African cuckoo. It is also called the Lark-Heeled Cuckoo.
The White-Browed Coucal has a black crown and back of the neck, a white supercilium (eyebrow line), a rufous (red-brown) back, chestnut wings, a black rump, and a glossy black-green tail with a white tip. Its underparts are creamy-white. It has red eyes, a black beak, and grey-black legs and feet.
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The Crested Francolin (Francolinus sephaena) is a small fowl-like, or partridge-like, bird from east and south Africa.
The Crested Francolin is brown, lined with white and black. It has a rufous (red-brown) neck. Its chest is lighter beige-brown with white lines. It has a white stripe above its eyes, with a grey-brown cap. It has a short, grey beak and pink legs.
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The Purple Grenadier (Uraeginthus ianthinogaster) is a finch found in dry shrubland in East Africa, from Ethiopia to Kenya to Uganda.
The Purple Grenadier has a red beak and black tail. The male has a cinnamon brown head and neck with a blue mask surrounding the eyes. Its rump is purplish-blue and its underbelly is violet-blue with rufous (reddish-brown) parts.
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The Lilac-Breasted Roller (Coracias caudatus caudatus) is an east African bird found from the Red Sea to southern Africa, and most abundant in the grasslands of Kenya.
Lilac-Breasted Rollers have bright plumage (feathers), with a lilac throat that deepens into a darker lilac breast. The crown to mantle is olive, and the cheeks and ear coverts are a lilac-rufous (reddish-brown). They have long black and blue tail feathers.
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What is rufous?
Rufous is a colour. It is reddish-brown.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM
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