What is the difference between the Finnish Forest Reindeer and Woodland Caribou?

What is the difference between the Finnish Forest Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus fennicus) and the Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou)?

The Finnish Forest Reindeer and the Woodland Caribou are sub-species of the Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), an ungulate (hoofed) mammal in the deer family.

The Finnish Forest Reindeer and the Woodland Caribou have long legs with wide, crescent-shaped, cloven (split) hooves for walking on snow. 

The Finnish Forest Reindeer and the Woodland Caribou have antlers. The male has large V-shaped antlers, that are larger than the female’s antlers.

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Finnish Forest Reindeer

The Finnish Forest Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus fennicus) is a large ungulate (hoofed) mammal in the deer family. It is a sub-species of the Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus). It is also known as the European Forest Reindeer. It is an artiodactyl because it has cloven (split) hooves.

The Finnish Forest Reindeer has dark-brown to light-brown fur. Its coat has two layers of fur – a thick woolly undercoat and a longer-haired overcoat. It has long legs with wide, crescent-shaped, cloven hooves for walking across deep snow. It has white hair around its short tail. 

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Woodland Caribou

The Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal in the deer species. It is also known as the Reindeer.

The Caribou varies in size and colour, from light to dark. The Woodland Caribou has dark-brown fur. Its coat had two layers of fur – a thick woolly undercoat and a longer-haired overcoat. It has large feet with crescent-shaped, cloven (split) hooves, which are wide for walking on snow.

Both the male and the female grow antlers, although the female has smaller antlers. As antlers grow, they become covered in thick dark-brown velvet. The Woodland Caribou loses it antlers and grows a new pair each year.

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