Tomato Clownfish

The Tomato Clownfish (Amphiprion frenatus) is a tropical marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of clownfish and damselfish. It is also known as the Blackback Anemonefish, Bridled Anemonefish, Fire Clown, or Red Tomato Clownfish.

The Tomato Clownfish has an oval-shaped, flat, compressed body. It is yellow and orange, or reddish, or blackish. Many have white bars or patches behind their eyes, with a black outline. The female is mainly blackish on her sides.

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Raccoon Butterflyfish

The Raccoon Butterflyfish (Chaetodon lunula) is a tropical marine (saltwater) fish in the Chaetodontidae family of butterflyfish. It is also known as the Crescent-Masked Butterflyfish, Halfmoon Butterflyfish, Raccoon Coralfish, and Redstriped Butterflyfish. 

The Raccoon Butterflyfish has a flat, compressed, oval-shaped body. Its colour varies considerably. Usually, it has a pattern of oblique reddish-brown stripes on its sides. It has a raccoon mask over its eyes, with a white space between the dark crown and eye area. It has a black spot near its tail. Its snout (nose) is usually yellow.

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Saddleback Clownfish

The Saddleback Clownfish (Amphiprion polymnus) is a small tropical marine (saltwater) reef fish. It is also known as the Yellowfin Anemonefish or the Panda Clownfish.

The Saddleback Clownfish has brownish-black and white vertical bands, with a white ‘saddle’ in the middle of its back. The first white band is behind its eyes. It also has yellow fins and yellow eyes. It has an oval-shaped body.

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Blue-Girdled Angelfish

The Blue-Girdled Angelfish (Pomacanthus navarchus) is a marine (saltwater) tropical fish. It is also known as the Majestic Angelfish.

The Blue-Girdled Angelfish has a flat rectangular-shaped body with an elongated nose. Its dorsal (back) fin is large and rounded. It is mostly yellow or white, with blue patches and blue lips. It has a spine protruding behind its underbelly fin. 

 

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Common Stingray

The Common Stingray (Dasyatis pastinaca) is a marine (saltwater) cartilaginous fish (without bones, like a shark). Instead of a bony skeleton, it has cartilage, which is the same substance as the human nose and human ears.

The Common Stingray is thin, flat, and diamond-shaped, but slightly wider than long (like a kite). It is pale-grey, brown or olive-green, with smooth skin. Its small mouth is located on its underside and its bulging eyes are close together on the top of its head. It has small blunt teeth. It has a long, tapering, whip-like tail with two dorsal fins and a venomous barb. It has five pairs of small gills, which enable it to breath underwater.

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Banggai Cardinalfish

The Banggai Cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) is an endangered tropical marine (saltwater) fish.

The Banggai Cardinalfish is pale whitish-beige with black vertical bands. It has a black vertical band running through its eyes. It has a long dorsal fin behind a smaller tasseled fin. Its pelvic fins are broad. It has a deeply-forked tail. Along its tail and across its body are a series of small white spots.

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Pacific Cleaner Shrimp

The Pacific Cleaner Shrimp (Lysmata amboinensis) is a marine (saltwater) crustacean. It is related to crabs and lobsters. It is also known as the Skunk Cleaner Shrimp.

The Pacific Cleaner Shrimp is pale with long scarlet bands on its shell. Its shell is called a carapace. It has several white spots on its red tail. It has two pairs of long antennae (4 antennae in total). One antenna is forked into two parts, making it look as if there are three pairs of antennae. It is a decapod, with 10 legs. Two of its legs – the ones in the front, near its head, are pincers. Pincers are also called nippers or claws. Its eyes are located at the tip of each of its two short stalks on its head.

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Brittle Star

The Bristle Star (Ophiomastix janualis) is a tropical marine (saltwater) echinoderm, related to the starfish. It is also called a Serpent (Snake) Star. It is not a fish. It is an invertebrate (animal with no backbone) and an ophiuroid.

The Bristle Star has five long, slender whip-like arms radiating symmetrically from a central coin-shaped or disc-shaped body. The body contains its mouth and internal organs. Its mouth, on the underside of the body, has five toothed jaws. Its mouth is both the entrance to its internal organs and the exit to release waste.

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Organ-Pipe Coral

The Organ-Pipe Coral (Tubipora musica) is a soft marine (saltwater) coral. It is related to the sea fan.

The Organ-Pipe Coral is a mat coral – it looks like a carpet or mat on the bottom of the ocean. The polyps live inside long, bright red parallel tubes, called sclerites, connected by horizontal platforms. The tubes calcify into a hard, red external skeleton (often used in jewelry), which makes it seem like a stony coral instead of a soft coral. Therefore, it is a soft coral with a unique hard skeleton.

It lives in a colony (the mat is actually many polyps). The series of polyps have an eight-fold symmetry – eight feather-like tentacles. The tubes look like the pipes of a musical organ. The polyps can be white, silver, cream or green. Mostly the tubes can’t be seen during the day because the tentacles cover the tubes. At night, the tentacles go inside the tubes.

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Southern Lobster

The Southern Lobster (Jasus edwardsii) is a marine (saltwater) crustacean. It is also called the Red Rock Lobster or Spiny Rock Lobster. It is actually not a lobster; it is a crayfish. Lobsters have large pincers (nippers), like the nippers of crabs. The Southern Lobster does not have pincers, so it is a crayfish.

The Southern Lobster has a dark red, orange, or grey-green shell (exo-skeleton), called a carapace. It has a pale yellowish abdomen or underbelly.

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Fimbriated Moray Eel

The Fimbriated Moray Eel (Gymnothorax fimbriatus) is a tropical marine (saltwater) fish. It is also known as the Spot-Face Moray Eel or the Darkspotted Moray Eel.

The Fimbriated Moray Eel has an elongated body with a paddle-shaped tail. It is yellow or creamy-yellow with scattered black markings on its body. Its head is tapered with a small mouth and very sharp teeth. Its bottom jaw is white or creamy-white.

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