The European Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus) is a medium-sized bird of prey, an accipiter, and a raptor. It is also called the Pern.
The European Honey Buzzard is eagle-like with a small head, flat wings, and a long tail with a few dark bars. Its feathers are honey-brown. The male has a blue-grey head, and the female has a brown head. The female is slightly darker than the male. Both the male and the female have yellowish to light-orange eyes, and a grey beak with a yellow cere.
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The Caucasus Buzzard (Buteo buteo menetriesi) is a medium-to-large bird of prey, and a raptor.
The Caucasus Buzzard varies in plumage, but is generally brown with paler markings on its neck and chest. Some have a pale ‘necklace’ of feathers. It has orange-brown eyes, a pale-grey beak, and pale-grey legs.
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What is the difference between the Eurasian Eagle-Owl (Bubo bubo) and the Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)?
The Eurasian Eagle-Owl has orange eyes, whereas the Great Horned Owl has yellow eyes.
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The King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa) is a large bird of prey, and a raptor.
The King Vulture has white and black feathers, with a grey to black ruff (collar) around its neck. It also has grey flight feathers and grey tail feathers. Its head and neck are bald, with the skin colour varying from yellow, orange, blue, and purple to red. It has a distinctive orange fleshy carbuncle on its hooked reddish beak. It has white eyes with a red eye-ring. It does not have eyelashes. It has grey legs with long grey claws.
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The Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) is a large bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter. It is also known as the Eurasian Griffon. It is related to the White-Backed Vulture (Gyps africanus).
The Griffion Vulture has a white head and a white neck with ruff feathers. It has broad dark wings and short tail feathers. It has a whitish beak.
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The Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) is a large bird of prey, and a raptor.
The Gyrfalcon has varied colours, from white to dark-brown. The white Gyrfalcon has flecks of charcoal-grey feathers. Its beak is yellowish and hooked. It has dark eyes. It has feathers on its legs, called boots. Its feet are yellowish with sharp claws.
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The Palm-Nut Vulture (Gypohierax angolensis) is a bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter. It is also known as the Vulturine Fish Eagle. It is related to the buzzard and the eagle.
The Palm-Nut Vulture is all white except for black areas in its wings and tail. It has a red patch around each eye. Its eyes are yellow and its beak is pale-grey.
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The Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus percnopterus) is a large bird of prey, and a raptor. It is also called the White Scavenger Vulture or the Pharaoh’s Chicken.
The Egyptian Vulture is white with long neck feathers that form a hackle (raised feathers). Its wings are pointed and its tail is wedge-shaped. It has a yellow face without feathers, a long beak with a long, horizontal nostril, a dark grey-tipped hooked beak, and dark eyes. Its legs are pink with long, straight, sharp talons. Its third and fourth toes are slightly webbed.
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The Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) is a medium-sized bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter.
The Booted Eagle is mainly light grey with a darker head and flight feathers. Its feathers are flecked with black. It has feathers on its legs right down to its feet, which are called boots. It has a strong, downward curved black beak with a dark cere. Its eyes are dark. Its tail is dark above and white underneath (on its vent). It has brown feet with strong, sharp talons (claws).
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The Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) is a bird of prey in the Falconidae family of falcons. It is also called the European Kestrel or the Eurasian Kestrel. It is a raptor.
The Common Kestrel is light chestnut-brown with blackish spots on the upperparts and beige on the underparts. Its tail is brown with a black tip. Females have black bars on their tails. Its cere, feet, and eye-ring are bright yellow to yellowish-cream.
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The Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug) is a large endangered bird of prey, a raptor. It is a hierofalcon.
The Saker Falcon has a brown upper belly and grey flight feathers. Its head and upperparts are pale-brown with streaking from the chest downwards. Some Asian Saker Falcons have grey barred upperparts. It has a blue-grey downward curved beak with a black tip. Its legs are creamy-white with large sharp talons.
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The Striated Caracara (Phalcoboenus australis) is a bird of prey, a raptor in the falconid family – related to the falcon. It is also called a Johnny Rook.
The Striated Caracara is black-brown with orange-grey legs. Its neck is flecked with grey. It has yellow patches around the bottom of its eyes and the rear of its beak. It has a hooked grey beak.
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What is the difference between the Asian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea), the Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca), and the Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)?
The Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle are all large birds of prey, raptors, and accipiters from the Northern Hemisphere.
The Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle all have a dark-grey or black-tipped sharply down-turned beak with a yellow cere (the hard substance at the top of the beak).
The difference between them is mainly due to size, colour, and flight.
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The Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) is a large bird of prey, a raptor, and accipiter (the family of eagles).
The Steppe Eagle is brown with blackish flight feathers and a blackish tail. It has banded white and brown flight feathers. It has brown eyes, and a black sharply down-turned beak with a yellow cere.
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The Asian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea) is a large bird of prey, and one of the most common. It is a raptor and an accipiter. It is also called the Himalayan Golden Eagle or the Berkut.
The Asian Golden Eagle is dark-brown with red-golden-brown feathers on the back of its neck. It is blackish on its back. It has white on its tail and some white markings on its long, strong wings. It has a grey beak with a dark, sharply down-turned tip. Its beak has a yellow cere. It has grey legs, and grey feet with long claws.
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The Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) is a large bird of prey. It is a raptor and an accipiter.
The Eastern Imperial Eagle is dark-brown with white shoulder patches and pale-cream feathers at the back of its neck. It has a grey base to its bi-coloured tail. It has grey legs with large claws, called talons. Its eyes are brown and its beak is sharply-hooked and grey with a yellow cere.
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The Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) is a large South American bird in the Vulture family. It is a raptor and bird of prey.
The Andean Condor is black with a white ruff (collar) around its neck. Its face and neck are pinkish-red and nearly bald. Females have a bald blackish-red head and neck. It has a flattened head. Males have a dark carbuncle or comb on their head. It has white feathers on its wings. Its pale cream beak is strong with a slightly downward-curved hook, and its eyes are orange-brown. It has long sharp talons on its feet to grip its prey.
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The Brown Snake Eagle (Circaetus cinereus) is a bird of prey, a raptor and an accipiter.
The Brown Snake Eagle is brown with a few white feathers. The juvenile has mottled white chest feathers, as well as white facial feathers. It has a rounded owl-like head. It has a grey beak and pale legs. Adults have yellow eyes. Its tail has three narrow white bands.
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The Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus biarmicus) is a medium-sized bird. It is a raptor, a bird of prey.
The Lanner Falcon has grey-brown feathers on upperparts, streaked with white throughout its underparts. It has a rufous (red-brown) crown and back of neck, with a white throat. It has black-brown patches on its cheeks – a bit like a moustache. It has yellow legs with short claws, and large strong toes.
It has a short, hooked pale beak with a dark-grey tip and a white cere. The eyes are distinctive with a large, round, black pupil and an almond-shaped blue-grey to pale-yellow eye-ring. Juveniles have blue-grey eye-rings, and adults have pale-yellow eye-rings.
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The Bateleur Eagle (Terathopius ecaudatus) is a large African bird. It is a raptor and an accipiter (birds with powerful hooked beaks and powerful sharp talons).
The Bateleur Eagle is dark-black with a short, chestnut-coloured tail. It has extremely long, pointed wings that are white underneath. It has grey or brown shoulders, and a chestnut back. It has a yellow beak and a brilliant bare red face and base of bill (called the cere). It has an enormous head. Its legs are short and bright red.
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