Rain Forest

What is a rain forest?

There are tropical rain forests with high temperatures, which are often called jungles. Tropical rain forests occur along the equator.

There are temperate rain forests, with warm temperatures in summer and cool temperatures in winter.

A rain forest has high, continuous rainfall, which provides water and oxygen for many species of plants and animals.

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Great Green Macaw

The Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguous) is a large bird in the parrot family. It is also known as the Buffon’s Macaw or the Great Military Macaw. It is related to the Scarlet Macaw, the Military Macaw, and the Blue-and-Yellow Macaw.

The Great Green Macaw has mainly green feathers and a reddish forehead, with a pale-blue lower back, rump and upper tail feathers. Its tail is brownish-red tipped with very pale blue. Its bare, featherless facial skin is patterned with lines of short spikes, which are reddish in older parrots and female parrots. It has bluish eyes with a white eye-ring. It has a large, strong grey beak. 

The Scarlet Macaw, like other parrots, has its first and fourth toes pointing backwards.

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Montrouzier’s Ulysses Butterfly

The Montrouzier’s Ulysses Butterfly (Papilio montrouzieri) is a large insect in the family of swallowtail butterflies.

The Montrouzier’s Ulysses Butterfly has iridescent electric blue wings with brown-black edges. It has forked hind (back) wings. Its underside is brown-black. The female has crescent-shaped blue markings on her hind wings. Its body is brown-black with long antennae.

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Rainfall Patterns: how much is too much rain?

Rainfall is called precipitation. Rain is freshwater, not saltwater.

Precipitation includes rain, drizzle, sleet, snow, graupel, and hail. It is water vapour that condenses and falls to earth. (Mist and fog are not precipitation because they do not fall; the moisture remains in a cloud near the ground).

A little bit of very small drops of rain that falls very gently is called drizzle.

A little bit of rain that falls steadily is called a rain shower.

Rain with small ice pellets is called sleet.

Rain with heavy and large ice pellets is called hail.

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What is a montane ecosystem?

What is a montane ecosystem?

A montane ecosystem is a mountain area between the lower timberline (lower tree line) and the timberline (tree line), with soil temperatures approximately between 6-12 degrees Celsius (43-54 Fahrenheit).

In the montane region, there can be dense forests and high winds. There are different forest types, depending on the location in the world.

Temperate montane forests occur in Europe (e.g. the Alps, Carpathians, and the Caucasus Mountains), North America (e.g. Cascade Range and Appalachians), South America, New Zealand, and Himalaya.

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Bolivian Squirrel Monkey

The Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis) is a primate mammal from the rainforests of Central and South America.

The Bolivian Squirrel Monkey has short fur that looks yellowish, with a black head, white throat and ears, and black around their mouth. Sometimes they are called Death’s Head Monkey. It is also known as the Black-Capped Squirrel Monkey.

It can grow to 35 centimetres (13 inches) long, with a 42 centimetre (16 inch) tail.

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Taiwan Beauty Rat Snake

The Taiwan Beauty Rat Snake (Orthriophis taeniurus friesi, previously Elaphe taeniura friesi) is also called the Taiwan Beauty Snake or Cave Racer.

The Taiwan Beauty Rat Snake is yellow-brown to olive in colour with black markings. It has a black stripe on its head that runs across its eye.

It is a semi-arboreal snake that likes rainforests. It is cathemeral, which means that it is active at random times during the day or night, instead of nocturnal (active at night) or diurnal (active during the day).

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