What’s the difference between Mannikins: Bronze Mannikin and Black-and-White Mannikin?

What’s the difference between the Bronze Mannikin and the Black-and-White Mannikin?

The Bronze Mannikin (Lonchura cucullata scutata) and the Black-and-White Mannikin (Lonchura bicolor poensis) are both small African finches.

The Bronze Mannikin has a two-toned beak, whereas the Black-and-White Mannikin has a blue-grey beak.

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European Robin

The European Robin (Erithacus rubecula caucasicus) is also called Robin Redbreast or Red Robin. It is a small passerine bird in the chat family, found across Europe. The caucasicus sub-species is found in the Caucasus, such as the in the county Georgia.

The European Robin is grey-brown with an orange-red breast and face, with a white belly. Its legs and feet are brown. The beak and eyes are black. The male and female are similar.

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Barn Swallow

The Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) is the most common and abundant swallow in the world. It is a small migratory songbird (a passerine). It often heralds the spring weather.

The Barn Swallow, or Eurasian Swallow (Hirundo rustica rustica) is found in the Northern Hemisphere, in Europe and Asia. It is dark iridescent blue with a rufous (reddish-brown) forehead, chin and throat, white underbelly, and black wings and tail. It has a deeply forked tail with large white spots.

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Rosy-Patched Bush-Shrike

The Rosy-Patched Bush-Shrike (Rhodophoneus hilgerti cruentus) is a small species of passerine (songbird) found in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, East Kenya, and North Kenya.

It is a small bird of about 22 centimetres (8-9 inches) tall. It is light brown with a distinctive blood-red stain from its throat and down its white chest. It has a long tail and hooked beak.

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White-Eyed Slaty Flycatcher

The White-Eyed Slaty Flycatcher (Melaenornis fischeri) is a small passerine (perching) bird native to Africa, from Ethiopia to Kenya.

It is a highland bird, common in wooded habitats, including gardens.

It is a very distinctive bird normally seen singly or in pairs. It has grey feathers with a lighter chest, brown feet, a grey head and a white ring around its black eyes.

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Oxpeckers and their symbiotic relationships

Oxpeckers have a symbiotic relationship with oxen, antelopes, zebras, hippos, rhinos, giraffes, and many ungulates (hoofed-animals) in Africa.

Oxpeckers are birds that feed on ticks that live on the body of animals. Sometimes they are called tickbirds. The ticks live near the animal’s ears, neck, eyelids, forehead and underbelly. Oxpeckers also feed on the earwax and dandruff of animals.

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Superb Fairy-Wren

The Superb Fairy-Wren (Malurus cyaneus), is also known as the blue wren. It is a passerine bird, native to southeastern Australia.

When the male is ready to mate, it has a bright iridescent blue forehead, ear feathers, neck feathers and tail, with a black mask and black or dark blue throat. Non-breeding males, females and young birds are grey-brown in colour.

When an animal’s colour changes for breeding, it is called dimorphism.

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Australian Black-Backed Magpie

The Australian Black-Backed Magpie (Cracticus tibicen tibicen) is a diurunal medium-sized black and white passerine bird, native to Australia and southern New Guinea. It is found in Queensland and New South Wales in eastern Australia.

They are mainly glossy black, with a few white patches, especially at the back of their necks. They have orange-brown eyes, and a hard, sharp beak.

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