The European Green Toad (Bufotes viridis) is an amphibian in the Bufonidae family of toads.
The European Green Toad has green or dark-brown spots on its back. Its underbelly is white or lightly coloured. It can change colour, depending on heat or light. It has moist skin with mucous glands that secrete slime-like liquid to keep it protected from dehydration, and to help it breathe.
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What is mucous?
Mucous (or mucus) is slimy, slippery, or sticky moisture produced by mucous glands.
Amphibians (such as frogs and toads), fish, snails, and slugs produce mucous on their outer skin. The mucous is protection to keep the animal’s skin moist. Mucous also protects them against diseases and germs.
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Why do some snakes have a blue spot or a blue eye?
When snakes shed their skin, it is called ‘Blue’ because there is often a blue spot or blue eye.
Snakes shed their skin as they grow larger. This is called ecdysis.
Snakes produce a mucous (sticky liquid) when they shed their skin, which helps separate the old skin from the new skin. The mucous often enters their eye scale, turning it blue.
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The Red-Headed Rock Agama (Agama agama) is a lizard found in most of sub-Saharan Africa.
The Red-Headed Rock Agama has a brown-black body, red head, white underbelly, and a tail with a light stripe down the middle. The dominant male has a red head, blue body and yellow tail, whereas females and adolescents have an olive-green head.
Its size varies from 13-30 cm (5-12 inches) in total length. Males are usually longer than females.
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