The Goeldi’s Monkey (Callimico goeldii) is a small, rare, primate mammal. It is also known as Goeldi’s Marmoset or the Callimico.
The Goeldi’s Monkey is black or blackish-brown. The hair on its head and tail sometimes has red, white, or silvery-brown highlights.
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The L’Hoest’s Monkey (Cercopithecus lhoesti) is a primate and a mammal. It is also known as the Mountain Monkey.
The L’Hoest’s Monkey has a short-haired, dark-brown coat, with a chestnut coloured back and a dark belly. It has a white beard. Its cheeks are light-grey, and it chest is white. Its tail is long and hook-shaped at the end.
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The Long-Tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is a monkey, a primate, and a mammal. It is also known as the Crab-Eating Macaque or the Cynomolgus Monkey.
The Long-Tailed Macaque is a monkey with short arms, short legs, and a very long tail. It has dark-grey fur with light golden-brown tips. Its underparts are light-grey, and its tail is dark-grey to brown. It has a crown with hairs pushed backwards. Its feet and ears are black. Its ears sometimes have white spots. The skin on its muzzle (nose) is light greyish-pink. Its eyelids have white markings. The male has a moustache and cheek whiskers, whereas the female does not have a moustache.
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The Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) is a small endangered primate. It is related to the Marmoset, Capuchin, and Titi Monkey.
The Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin has a lion-like mane of hair around its dark hairless face. It has black fur on most of its body, and golden fur on its head, mane, hands, feet, and tail. It has clawed nails, called tegulae, at the ends of its fingertips, instead of on top of its fingertips. It has small dark eyes.
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The Red Titi Monkey (Callicebus cupreus) is a primate and a mammal. It is also known as the Coppery Titi Monkey.
The Red Titi Monkey has red, fluffy fur. It has a small rounded grey face, small ears, and a flat nose. It has a long tail, but it is not prehensible, which means that it cannot hold or grasp tree branches.
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The Diana Monkey (Cercopithecus diana diana) is a primate mammal from Africa.
The Diana Monkey is black or dark-grey with a white throat and a white crescent-shaped band across its eyebrow. It has a white ruff around its neck and a white beard. Its underarms are also white. There is a white stripe down its upper legs. The back of its upper legs and its lower back is chestnut-coloured.
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The Hanuman Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) is a monkey from South Asia. It is also called the Grey Langur. It is a primate, and a mammal.
The Hanuman Langur is predominantly light-grey, with a black face, white crown, white chin, white nape, and white neck. Its belly is also whitish. It has black hands and black ears.
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The Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a small monkey from South America. It is a mammal.
The Common Marmoset is small with a long banded (striped) tail. It has brown, grey, and yellow fur. It has white ear tufts. It has black across its nose and a white patch on its forehead. On its fingers, it has claw-like nails, called tegulaes. On its feet, only its big toes have toenails.
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What is mutual grooming and allogrooming?
Monkeys are social animals. They live in groups and constantly communicate with each other. They also clean each other. This is called social grooming, mutual grooming, or allogrooming.
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The Barbary Macaque (Macaca sylvanus) is also known as the Barbary Ape. It is a mammal and a primate. It is not an ape (no tail) – it is a monkey (it has a tail). Macaque is pronounced makak.
The Barbary Macaque has yellow-brown to grey fur, with a lighter underbelly. It has an orange-brown cap. It has a dark-pink face with a prominent brow. Its tail is vestigial, meaning that it has become functionless – it is only about 2 centimetres (less than one inch) long.
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The Hamadryas Baboon (Papio hamadryas) is a medium-sized primate (mammal) in the monkey family.
The Hamadryas Baboon male has silver-white fur and the female has brown fur. Its face can be red, light-brown or dark-brown. The male has a large mane and brow over its eyes, whereas the female does not have a mane, nor a brow. Its tail ends in a small tuft (clump of hair). It has sharp canine teeth.
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The Sykes’ Blue Monkey (Cercopithecus mitis albogularis) is also called the Sykes’ Monkey. It is native to eastern Kenya in Africa.
The Blue Monkey does not look blue, but its face has a blue tinge. It is grey or dark-grey with white ears and a white collar. It has brown-orange eyes, black feet, and black legs.
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The Chimpanzee (Pan troglodyte) is a mammal and a primate. It is in the family called Pongidae, which means Great Ape.
The Chimpanzee had black fur and is medium-sized. All great apes have a thick brow ridge of hollow bone that lies above the eyes. This ridge provides protection to their eyes.
It has front facing dark eyes, a small pink nose, and rounded ears. It has no tail. It has five digits on each limb, with an extended big toe.
Great apes are not monkeys. Great apes (Hominids) include humans, chimpanzees (2 species), gorillas (2 species), and orangutans (2 species). Chimpanzees are not related to gibbons (16 species of lesser apes), baboons, or monkeys.
They are most closely related to humans, sharing 98.6% of human DNA.
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Ape, baboon, chimpanzee, gibbon, gorilla, monkey …
Apes (Hominoidea) are a group of primates that includes 22 species.
Great apes include chimpanzees (2 species), gorillas (2 species) and orangutans (2 species).
Lesser apes include gibbons (16 species).
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The Black-Capped Capuchin (Sapajus apella) is an arboreal (tree) primate, that is also called the Tufted Capuchin. It is from the rainforests of South America. It was previously classified as Cebus apella, but it was changed in 2011.
It has dark brown-grey, rough fur, and a long thick tail. It has black hands and feet.
The cap or tuft is a bunch of hair on its forehead that looks like a wig or a hat.
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The De Brazza’s Monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus) is also known as the swamp monkey because it is found in wetlands in central and eastern Africa.
It has brown fur with a distinct orange brow, a white beard, and white around the mouth, with a small nose.
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The Bolivian Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri boliviensis) is a primate, and a mammal, from the rainforests of Central and South America.
The Bolivian Squirrel Monkey has short fur that looks yellowish, with a black head, white throat and ears, and black around their mouth. Sometimes they are called Death’s Head Monkey. It is also known as the Black-Capped Squirrel Monkey.
It can grow to 35 centimetres (13 inches) long, with a 42 centimetre (16 inch) tail.
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The Eastern Black-and-White Colobus Monkey (Colobus guereza) comes from eastern Africa, in countries such as Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Ethiopia. Colobus means docked, which refers to their stump, or short, thumb.
The Eastern Black-and-White Colobus Monkey is large, black and white, with a very long hairy tail.
They grow to about 61 centimetres (24 inches). The tail is as long as its body and head, totalling another 61 centimetres. The tail has a white tuft at its end.
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All monkeys can use their hands and feet for holding on to branches.
Monkey feet are as flexible as their hands. Like humans, they have five fingers and five toes. Their fingers and toes are long, ending with fingernails and toenails.
On each hand they have a palm with padded areas that are usefuly for climbing trees and walking along the ground.
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