The Rock Squirrel (Otospermophilus variegatus) is a small arboreal (tree) rodent mammal.
The Rock Squirrel has speckled grey-black fur. It has a long, bushy tail, short feet with short claws, a small nose with whiskers, and small rounded ears. Its eyes have light-coloured eye-rings.
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The Tapir (Tapirus) is an ungulate mammal native to Malaysia, South America and Central America. What do the teeth of a Tapir look like?
The Tapir has brachyodont teeth, which means that it has low-crowned teeth.
The Tapir also has lophodont teeth, which means that its cheek teeth have lophs (ridges).
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What do the feet of a Kangaroo look like?
The Kangaroo, Wallaby, and Pademelon are macropod marsupial mammals, which means big-footed pouched animals.
The Kangaroo has two large, flat hind (back) legs and two small fore (front) legs that look like hands.
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The Large Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus) is a mammal related to the Anteater and the Sloth.
The Large Hairy Armadillo has a series of thin, grey bony plates along its head and back. This leathery shell is called a carapace. Its pinkish-white underbelly is covered in long, coarse hair. It has long, powerful claws on its front legs for digging. It has a long snout (nose), small beige ears, and small eyes.
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Which animals have a beard?
Several ungulate (hoofed) animals have beards, such as the Goat, Markhor, the White-Bearded Wildebeest, and the Bornean Bearded Pig.
Some apes and monkeys have beards, such as the Bornean Orangutan and the De Brazza’s Monkey. The Bearded Emporer Tamarin has a moustache and a beard.
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The Tapir (Tapirus) is an ungulate mammal native to Malaysia, South America and Central America. What does the nose of a Tapir look like?
A Tapir has a short trunk for a nose, with two large nostrils. It hangs down, and over its mouth. It is called a proboscis.
A Tapir’s proboscis is flexible because is can move in all directions.
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The Azara’s Agouti (Dasyprocta azarae) is a rodent mammal.
The Azara’s Agouti is a stout brown-furred animal, with a russet-yellow rump. It has pink ears and a pink nose with a white chin. It has dark eyes. Its front feet are grey-black with four toes, and its back feet have three toes. It has a small tail.
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The Patagonian Mara (Dolichotis patagonum) is a large rodent. It is also known as the Patagonian Hare or the Patagonian Cavy. It is a cavid, related to the Guinea Pig.
The Patagonian Mara looks like a mixture of a hare, a jackrabbit, and a guinea pig. It has long ears and long legs. Its hind (back) legs are longer than its fore (front) legs. Its front feet have four toes and its back feet have three toes. Its tail is short and hairless. It has grey fur with orange-yellowish sides and chin, and a white patch on its rump. It has a white underbelly.
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The Vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) is camelid mammal from South America. It is related to the Llama and the Alpaca.
The male Vicuna has 32 teeth and the female has 30 teeth.
The Vicuna is a grazer, eating grass. It has six large, visible, crooked lower teeth, called incisors, at the front of its mouth, to help it cut grass.
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The Sichuan Takin (Budorcas taxicolor tibetana) is a large goat-antelope ungulate bovine mammal. It is also known as the Tibetan Takin. It is related to goats and sheep.
The Sichuan Takin has thick, light blond to dark-brown hair and a moose-like, rounded nose. It has thick, curved horns and small rounded ears. It has split hooves.
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A rat has a long tail with no fur.
A rat’s tail is usually pinkish or greyish.
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The Gaur (Bos gaurus) is a large bovine ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is also known as the Indian Bison.
The Gaur is a species of wild cattle with short, narrow, pointed, black-tipped horns and a prominent ridge on its back. It has large ears. It has short, glossy, dark-brown fur, which becomes almost black as it ages. Its head is often ashy-grey and its nose is whitish. It does not have a distinct dewlap (loose skin under its chin) like other bovines have. The female is lighter brown with thinner horns.
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What is a viverrid? What is a vivirrine?
A viverrid is an animal that belongs in the Viverridae family of medium-sized civet-like mammals.
A viverrine is an animal that is civet-like.
A viverrid or a viverrine is a carnivorous mammal, such as a binturong, civet, genet, linsang, and oyan.
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The Greater Guinea Pig (Cavia magna) is a large rodent mammal. It is not a pig and it does not come from Guinea.
The Greater Guinea Pig has dark fur, such as dark-brown or reddish-brown, with a creamy-white underbelly. Its whiskers are short and dark. It has two large front teeth to enable it to gnaw plants. It has dark almond-shaped eyes.
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The Eastern Bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci) is a large, critically endangered ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is a bovine antelope. It is also known as the Mountain Bongo.
The Eastern Bongo has reddish-brown fur, black and white markings, 10-15 white vertical stripes, and long, slightly-spiralled horns (they twist only once). Both the male and the female have hollow horns, but the male has longer horns. It has a white stripe between its eyes and two white spots on its cheeks. It has large ears. It has a black nose and white lips.
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The Short-Beaked Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) is a medium-sized monotreme (egg-laying) mammal. It is also called the Short-Beaked Spiny Anteater.
The Short-Beaked Echidna is a stocky animal with a heavy coat of black or brown fur and spines (modified hairs). It looks similar to a Hedgehog. It has a straight beak with a long sticky tongue. The beak acts as a nose and a mouth. It does not have teeth. It has short legs with sharp, curved claws. The male Echidna has venomous (poisonous) spurs on its hind (back) feet.
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What is a cloven hoof?
Some ungulate mammals have cloven hooves (hoofs).
Cloven means ‘split’ – a hoof split into two parts.
The split can be narrow or it can be wide.
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The Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered ungulate (hoofed) mammal.
The Saiga Antelope has yellow-to reddish fur in summer and grey-brown fur in winter. It has longer hair in winter than in summer. It has a long mane of hair on its neck. It has a big, rounded nose with closely-spaced nostrils. It has long ears. Only the male has horns, which are thick with 12-20 rings.
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Baleen Whales (suborderMysticeti) are large marine (saltwater) mammals in the Cetacea family of whales, porpoises, and dolphins. They are cetaceans.
There are 12 species of Baleen Whales including the Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus), Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus), and Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus).
Baleen Whales live in cold oceans, such as the Artic Ocean and the Antarctic Ocean. They grow up to 600-3100 centimetres (20-102 feet) long.
Baleen Whales do not have teeth.
Baleen Whales have keratin baleen plates instead of teeth. Human hair is made of keratin.
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