CREATURE FEATURE: Western Gentle Lemur

The Western Gentle Lemur (Hapalemur occidentalis) is an arboreal primate mammal in the Lemuridae family. It is also known as the Western Lesser Bamboo Lemur and the Sambirano Lesser Bamboo Lemur.

The Western Gentle Lemur has thick, grey-beige to ginger-brown fur. It has long legs, especially long back legs for leaping. It is a leaper. It has a small pink-brown nose, small rounded ears, and large orange-brown eyes.

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Crowned Lemur

The Crowned Lemur (Eulemur coronatus) is a mammal in the Lemuridae family of lemurs.

The Crowned Lemur has a brown-orange crown on the top of its head. The female has a grey body with an orange crown, and the male has a darker reddish-brown body with a black and orange crown. It has a long non-prehensile tail which it uses to balance itself when jumping from branch to branch. It has opposable thumbs for gripping branches. It has long, slender arms and legs.

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RESEARCH: Lemur songs are similar to human music

Lemur songs are similar to human music says new research reported in The New Scientist magazine on 25 October 2021.

Research scientists from the University of Turin in Italy are studying the Indri Lemur (Indri indri) in the lowland rainforest in eastern Madagascar.

Their research suggests that the primate’s calls have a great deal in common with human music.

The Indri Lemur sings to communicate with other family groups, or to locate and reunite with family members, says Chiara De Gregorio, the research leader. The Indri Lemur is a large, black and white lemur in the Indriidae family.

The researchers recorded songs from 20 different Indri Lemur groups over 12 years in Madagascar’s rainforests and analysed the timing of the notes.

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White-Belted Ruffed Lemur

The White-Belted Ruffed Lemur (Varecia veriegata subcincta) is an arboreal (tree-living) primate mammal in the Lemuridae family of lemurs. It is a sub-species of the Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur. It is also known as the Northern Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur.

The White-Belted Ruffed Lemur has fluffy black and white fur. Its stomach, tail, hands and feet, forehead, face, and crown are black. It is white on the sides, back, and back legs. It has a distinct white belt around the middle of its body. It has a black nose, small ears, and bright orange eyes. Its tail is long, black, and bushy. 

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Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur

The Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata) is an arboreal (tree-living) primate mammal in the Lemuridae family of lemurs.

The Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur has fluffy black and white fur. Its stomach, tail, hands and feet, forehead, face, and crown are black. It is white on the sides, back, and back legs. It has a black nose, small ears, and bright orange eyes. Its tail is long, black, and bushy.

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Ring-Tailed Lemur

The Ring-Tailed Lemur (Lemur catta) is only found of the southwestern side of the island of Madagascar, off the coast of continental Africa.

The Ring-Tailed Lemur has a long narrow face with a protruded black nose. Its fur is called pelage. The pelage is grey or brown, with a white or cream face and underbelly. Its orange-brown eyes are masked with black triangular patches.

It has leathery hands and feet that help it climb in trees and along the ground. It spends a third of the time on the ground. Its fingers are slender, padded, and semi-dexterous with flat, human-like toenails. The thumb is not opposable (like the opposable thumbs of humans) because the ball of the joint is fixed in place.

It is a primate mammal with a long, black and white ringed tail of 12-13 white rings and 13-14 black rings. The tail always ends with a black tip. The Ring-Tailed Lemur’s tail is longer than its body. It is 39-46 centimetres (15-18 inches) long and its tail is 56-63 centimetres (22-25 inches) long.

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