RESEARCH: Larks and Owls – Chronotypes: early riser or late to bed?

The lark – a small diurnal songbird – rises early and is active during the day, whereas the owl – a large nocturnal bird – is active at night.

Psychology Today has documented a recent study on chronotypes – whether a person is a morning person (up with the lark) or a late night person (to bed with the owl) and who they attract as partners.

Many studies have been previously conducted on personality traits, but there has been limited studies on chronotypes. Chronotypical behaviour is a preference for rising early or going to bed late. Morning people are called larks (and they reach peak performance early in the day) and late night people are called owls (who perform well in the afternoon or evening).

However, there is a continuum, with most people clustering around the middle – a neutral chronotype.

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Rufous-Naped Lark

The Rufous-Naped Lark (Mirafra africana) is a short-tailed bird from Africa.

The Rufous-Naped Lark has rufous (red-brown) wings and back of neck. Its body is brown with contrasting dark streaks. It has a cream-coloured underbelly. It eyes are hazel brown with a creamy-buff eyebrow. Its beak is blackish to pinkish with a straight lower beak, and longish, curved upper beak. Its tail is dark-brown. Its feet are pink to pink-brown.

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Kenyan Red-Capped Lark

The Kenyan Red-Capped Lark (Calandrella cinerea williamsi) is a small African songbird. The African Red-Capped Lark (Calandrella cinerea) is found in southern and eastern Africa, with the Kenyan Red-Capped Lark localized to western Kenya (Calandrella cinerea saturatior) and central Kenya (Calandrella cinerea williamsi).

The Red-Capped Lark is streaky grey-brown with a rufous (red-brown) cap. It has white underparts and red shoulders. Young larks lack the red cap and red shoulders.

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