The Bala Shark (Balantiocheilos melanopterus) is a freshwater fish in the Cyprinidae family. It is not a true shark. It is also known as the Tricolour Shark, the Tricolour Sharkminnow, or the Silver Shark.
The Bala Shark has a body shape similar to a shark, with a torpedo body and large fins. It is silver with black margins on all of its fins. It has big eyes.
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The Convict Cichlid (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) is a freshwater fish. It is also known as the Zebra Cichlid or the Black-Striped Cichlid.
The Convict Cichlid has an oval-shaped bluish-grey body with 8 or 9 vertical black and white stripes. British convicts wore black and white uniforms, which is why it is called Convict Cichlid. The male has a lump on its forehead. The female has darker black bands.
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The Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca) is a freshwater dabbling duck, and a freshwater wetlands bird. It is also called the Common Teal.
The Eurasian Teal is named after its blue-green colour, called teal. The male has a chestnut-coloured head and upper neck, with a wide iridescent dark-green patch near its eyes. The patch is bordered with thin yellowish-white lines. It has a buff-coloured chest with small, round, brown spots. The centre of its belly is white. Its tail is black with a bright yellowish patch.
The female is yellowish-brown, and darker on its wings and back, with a dark grey-brown upper head. The male has a dark-grey beak, whereas the female has a pinkish or yellowish beak, that is darker at the tip. It has short legs. The male has dark-grey feet, whereas the female has grey-olive feet. It has brown eyes.
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The Caucasian Great Diving Beetle (Hydrous aterrinus) is a large, freshwater, aquatic insect.
The Caucasian Great Diving Beetle is dark-brown or black on the back and wing cases, called elytra. It is yellowish on its abdomen and legs. The male’s wing cases are shiny, while those of the female are finely grooved.
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The Garganey Duck (Spatula querquedula) is a small dabbling duck. It is a wetlands bird.
The Garganey male has a brown head, brown chest, and a broad white crescent over its eye. The rest of its feathers are grey. It has a grey beak and grey legs. The female is brown.
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The Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) is a freshwater, wetlands dabbling duck. It is a bird. Spatula means spoon – it has a spoon-shaped beak.
The Northern Shoveler has a large, broad, greyish spoon-shaped beak, called a spatulate beak. It often has an orange colour on the cutting edge of its beak and lower jaw. The male has an iridescent dark-green head, white chest, chestnut belly, and chestnut side feathers. In the breeding season, the male has a white crescent on each side of its face. The female is pale mottled brown.
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The Eurasian Common Merganser (Mergus merganser merganser) is a freshwater bird – a large duck. It is also known as the Goosander or a Sawbill.
The Eurasian Common Merganser has a whitish-cream body with a salmon-pink tinge. Its head is black with an iridescent green sheen. It has a crest, but it usually lies flat, and is not often raised. Its rump and tail are grey, and its wings are white on the inner half and black on the outer half. Its beak and legs are red to brownish-red. The female is mainly grey with a reddish-brown head, white chin, and white feathers on its wings.
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The Northern Caiman Lizard (Dracaena guianensis) is a semi-aquatic freshwater reptile. It is also known as the Guyana Caiman Lizard. It is related to the Tegu.
The Northern Caiman Lizard has a heavy bright green body with short legs. It has dark bands on its body. Its head is large and usually red or orange. Its jaws are muscular and powerful. It has a long tail. It has a clear third eyelid, which is like a pair of goggles when it swims underwater. It has five toes, and its fourth toe is longer than its other toes.
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The Sunburst Diving Beetle (Thermonectus marmoratus) is a small, soft-bodied, aquatic, freshwater insect. It is also known as the Spotted Diving Beetle.
The Sunburst Diving Beetle is black with bright yellow spots. The bright spots act as a defence mechanism to warn away predators. It has a black shell, called a carapace. It has wings that are protected by the carapace. The male has a suction cap on each foreleg (front leg).
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The Paroon Shark (Pangasius sanitwongsei) is a critically endangered freshwater fish in the Pangasiidae family of shark catfish. It is also known as the Giant Pangasius or the Pangasid-Catfish.
The Paroon Shark has a silver, curved underside and a dark-brown back. It has a wide, flat, whiskerless head. Its dorsal, pectoral and pelvic fins are dark-grey. Its dorsal fin is long and trailing.
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The Bristlenose Catfish (Ancistrus cirrhosus) is a freshwater fish in the Loricariidae family. It is also known as the Bushynose Catfish.
The Bristlenose Catfish has an armour-plated body – it is covered with bony plates. It has a suckermouth and a flattened, wide head. The male has fleshy tentacles, similar to spines, on his head. The female has much smaller tentacles on her nose. It can be brown, grey, grey, golden, or albino, with tiny white or yellowish spots.
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The Black Pacu (Colossoma macropomum) is a tropical freshwater fish in the Serrasalmidae family – it is a serrasalmid fish, meaning ‘serrated salmon family.’ It is also known as the Tambaqui and the Black-Finned Pacu. It is a characin fish, like the Tetra.
The Black Pacu is similar in shape to the Piranha because it is laterally compressed with large eyes and a slightly arched back. It has molar-like teeth, similar to human teeth (not sharp teeth like the Piranha). The lower part of its body is blackish, and the rest of its body is grey, yellowish, or olive. Its fins are black.
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The Armoured Shrimp (Atya gabonensis) is a freshwater crustacean. It is also known as the African Fan Shrimp, the African Filter Shrimp, the Cameroon Armoured Shrimp, or the Blue Rhino Shrimp. It is related to the crab and the lobster.
The Armoured Shrimp can vary in colour from creamy-white to rusty brown and deep blue.
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The Giant Gourami (Osphronemus goramy) is a large brackish water or freshwater fish.
The Giant Gourami has pale to golden yellow scales with silvery, pale-blue stripes running vertically along its body. It has a rounded face and a hump above its eyes. It has thick lips. The female has thicker lips than the male.
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The Pearlscale Cichlid (Herichthys carpintis) is also known as the Lowland Cichlid or the Green Texas Cichlid. It is a freshwater fish.
The Pearlscale Cichlid has an oval-shaped body. It is blue-green with iridescent scales. It has red eyes. The female has a black blotch on its dorsal fin.
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The Western Rainbowfish (Melanotaenia australis) is a small-to-medium-sized freshwater fish.
The Western Rainbowfish is silver with black stripes along the length of its body. It has a white stripe in between the black stripes. It has a bright red tail.
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The Silver Arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) is a freshwater fish. It is also called the Dragon Fish or the Monkey Fish.
The Silver Arowana has a long body, large scales, and a tapered tail. Its back fins extend all the way to the tail. Its mouth has a downward slant and its bottom lip is large and protruded. It has a large dark eye.
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The Cherry Shrimp (Neocaridina davidi) is a freshwater crustacean. It is related to crabs and lobsters.
The Cherry Shrimp is green-brown, but can be red, yellow, orange, green, blue, purple, black, white, and transparent. The male is smaller and not as colourful as the female.
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The Rainbow Cichlid (Herotilapia multispinosa) is a tropical freshwater fish.
The Rainbow Cichlid is yellowish with hints of reds and browns. It has a line of central black spots from its eyes to the base of its tail. The female is duller in colour than the male.
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The Doctor’s Cichlid (Pseudotropheus “daktari”) is a tropical freshwater fish. It is also known as the Blue Daktari or Scissor Tail Cichlid. Daktari is Swahili for doctor.
The male Doctor’s Cichlid is bright yellow with a little bit of blue or purple sheen, whereas the femal is pinkish-tan. The male and female have a black trim on the top and bottom edge of their tail fin. Its body is slightly elongated.
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