European Plaice

The European Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Pleuronectiformes family of flatfish.

The European Plaice is oval-shaped with a thin, laterally compresed body and a small head. It has a small mouth with a single series of small incisor-like teeth. It has dark-green to dark-brown skin, which is blotched with irregular orange spots. It can camouflage its skin to match its environment. Its underside is pearly white. Its skin is smooth with small scales. Both eyes are on the right side of its body (it is called a right-eyed flatfish). 

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European Flounder

The European Flounder (Platichthys flesus) is both a marine (saltwater) and a freshwater fish in the flatfish family. It is also known as the White Fluke.

The European Flounder has a brown, flat, oval-shaped body with reddish spots and brown blotches. Its underbelly is pearly-white. It can change colour to camouflage itself in its surroundings. It has eyes on the top of its head, and a small mouth at the end of a blunt snout (nose). Its skin is rough, with prickly tubercles (round nodules).  

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Black Sea Turbot

The Black Sea Turbot (Scophthalmus maeoticus) is a marine, saltwater fish in the flatfish family. It is a sub-species of the Turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) from the Mediterranean Sea, but this is under discussion by taxonomists, because it might be related to the European Turbot (Psetta maxima). 

The Black Sea Turbot is thin and flat with a disc shape. Most flatfish have smooth skin, but the Black Sea Turbot has small spikes on both sides of its body. It is grey-black or brownish. Its eyes are small and close together. 

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