The Barrier Reef Chromis (Chromis nitida) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of damselfish. It is also called the Yellowback Puller or the Shining Puller.
The Barrier Reef Chromis has a yellowish-brown back, a separating dark stripe, and silvery sides and underbelly. The dark stripe is diagonal, starting at the eye and ending at the tail. It has one dorsal (back) fin.
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The Zebra Shark (Stegostoma fasciatum) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Stegostomatidae family of carpet sharks. It is an elasmobranch cartilaginous fish — a fish that does not have a bony skeleton.
The Zebra Shark has a slim, cylindrical body with a slightly flattened head, and a short, blunt snout (nose). It is pale with a pattern of dark spots that is different for each shark. It has five ridges along its body. It eyes are small. Its mouth is almost straight with rows of sharp teeth. It has gill slits on the sides of its body to breathe underwater.
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The Atlantic Mudskipper (Periophthalmus barbarus) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Oxudercidae family. It is similar to the Goby. It is also found in freshwater and brackish water. It is amphibious – it can live in the water and on land – but it is not an amphibian (like a frog or toad) because it does not have lungs.
The Atlantic Mudskipper has a long brown or greenish body. During the mating season it develops coloured spots, such as red, green or blue. It has close-set, bulging eyes. It has forward fins that are similar to legs that enable it to walk, or skip, along the surface of the mud. It can even climb trees.
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The Red Hook Silver Dollar (Myloplus rubripinnis) is a medium-sized freshwater fish in the Serrasalmidae family of silver dollars. It is also called the Redhook Myleus.
The Red Hook Silver Dollar is rounded in shape and laterally compressed. It has a grey body with yellow flecks.
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The Sandbar Shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Carcharhinidae family of requiem sharks. It is an elasmobranch cartilaginous fish — a fish that does not have a bony skeleton. It is also known as the Thickskin Shark or the Brown Shark. It is related to the Bull Shark.
The Sandbar Shark has a bluish-grey or brownish-grey streamlined body, with a very high, triangular dorsal (back) fin and long pectoral fins. It has a white underbelly. It has a broad, rounded snout and large, round eyes. The upper and lower jaws each have 13 or 14 triangular-shaped teeth.
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The Yellow Boxfish (Ostracion cubicus) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Ostraciidae family of boxfish.
The Yellow Boxfish has hexagonal scales that form a solid, triangular box-like shell called a carapace. The male and the female look similar. It is bright yellow at birth and the colour fades as it ages. It is yellow with blue-black spots, which are smaller on its white underbelly and larger on its sides. It has a small mouth and large, bulging blue and yellow eyes.
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The Spotted Scat (Scatophagus argus) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Scatophagidae family of scats. It is also called the Red Scat, the Ruby Scat, the Green Scat, Tiger Butterfish, or Tiger Scat.
The Spotted Scat is varied in colour from greenish brown to red-brown to silver, with many brown spots. It is rounded in shape and laterally compressed. It has a rounded snout (nose).
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The Greater Pipefish (Syngnathus acus) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Syngnathidae family of seahorses, pipefish, and seadragons. Acus means needle.
The Greater Pipefish looks like a thin, straight seahorse or a small sea snake. It is a long, tube-like, cyclindrical brown-coloured fish with a small mouth. Its snout (nose) is a long tube ending in a narrow mouth which opens upwards and is toothless. It has a dorsal (back) fin, which is always moving because it helps the Pipefish to swim. It has small gill openings, called slits, which enable it to breathe underwater.
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The Painted Comber (Serranus scriba) is a marine (saltwater) ray-finned fish in the Serranidae family of sea bass and groupers.
The Painted Comber has a laterally compressed, elongated body with a pointed snout (nose). It can be grey, purplish, or reddish with 5-7 dark-brown bars on its sides. Its head has narrow, wavy blue lines and red markings. Its dorsal (back) fin has 10 spines. Its fins are marked with red dots. It has a large mouth with sharp teeth.
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The Freshwater Angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare) is a freshwater fish in the Cichlidae family. It is the most common Angelfish. It is a cichlid.
The Freshwater Angelfish has a thin, laterally compressed triangular-shaped body. It is silver with three brownish-red vertical stripes on its body and red markings on its fins. It has elongated, trailing fins. It has reddish-brown eyes.
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The Large-Scaled Scorpionfish (Scorpaena scrofa) is a venomous marine (saltwater) fish in the Scorpaenidae family of scorpionfish. It is also known as the Red Scorpion Fish, the Bigscale Scorpionfish, or the Rascasse.
The Large-Scaled Scorpionfish ranges in colour from rusty-red to light pink to beige, with dark-coloured markings. It has 12 venomous dorsal (back) spines. It has a plump, knobbly body with small frontal eyes and a down-turned mouth.
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The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse (Coris festiva or Coris julis) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Labridae family of wrasse.
The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse has a colourful, thin, elongated body. The male is green, blue, or brown with a white belly, a dark-blue spot near its tail fin, and a bright orange band along its side. The female is brown with yellowish sides and a white belly.
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The Banded Leporinus (Leporinus fasciatus) is a freshwater ray-finned fish in the Anostomidae family of characid fish with toothed jaws and an adipose fin (second dorsal fin).
The Banded Leporinus has an elongated body with an upturned mouth. It is cream-coloured with 8-12 thick, black, vertical stripes on its body. It has a reddish patch underneath its mouth, and sometimes on its head and tail.
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What is a group of eels called?
A group of eels is called a bed of eels, or a fry of eels, or a swarm of eels.
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What do ichthyologists study?
Ichthyology is the study of fish. An ichthyologist is a person who studies fish.
An example of what ichthyologists study is represented by the Paris National Museum of Natural History in their photography exhibition called ‘The Little Fish’ which is a series of photographs of fish larvae.
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The Sargeant Major Fish (Abudefduf saxatilis) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of damselfish.
The Sargeant Major Fish is white with yellow on the top of its back. It has five black vertical stripes on its body. A faint sixth stripe is often seen on its tail.
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The Buenos Aires Tetra (Hyphessobrycon anisitsi) is a freshwater fish.
The Buenos Aires Tetra is metallic silver with red-tipped fins and a black marking on its tail fin. The top and bottom of its body are red. Its pelvic and bottom fins are red. At the base of its body where it meets the tail is a black t-shaped mark.
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What is the difference between the Four Stripe Damselfish (Dascyllus melanurus) and the Tuxedo Damselfish (Chrysiptera tricincta)?
The Four Stripe Damselfish and the Tuxedo Damselfish both belong to the Pomacentridae family of damselfish.
The Four Stripe Damselfish and the Tuxedo Damselfish are both tropical marine (saltwater) reef fish.
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The Tuxedo Damselfish (Chrysiptera tricincta) is a marine (saltwater) fish in the Pomacentridae family of damelfish. It is also known as the Threeband Damselfish or the Threeband Demoiselle.
The Tuxedo Damselfish is white with three wide black vertical bands on its body. It has an oval-shaped, laterally-compressed body. It has a set of small teeth in three rows.
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The Gunther’s Mouthbrooder (Chromidotilapia guentheri) is a freshwater fish in the cichlid family.
The Gunther’s Mouthbrooder is tan-brown in colour. The female is more colourful than the male. She has a pink belly and a metallic white stripe on her dorsal (back) fin. It has a wide, down-turned mouth.
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