Is there a difference between poisonous and venomous snakes?
Venomous and poisonous sound similar in meaning, because they both have toxic substances—a toxin that is highly dangerous or deadly.
A poisonous snake secretes a poisonous toxin from the glands of its skin. When a predator tries to eat the snake, it tastes terrible. The toxin is a deterrent to predators, so that in the future the animal will not attack the snake. The North American Garter snake, the Asian Keelback Snake, and the Groove-Necked Keelback Snake are examples of poisonous snakes.
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The False Water Cobra (Hydrodynastes gigas) is a venomous colubrid snake. It is not related to the cobra, but it can flatten its neck to make it look larger, just as a cobra does. It does not rear up like a cobra. It is also known as the Brazilian Smooth Snake.
The False Water Cobra is olive-green or brown with dark spots and bands. It has large eyes with circular pupils. Its colour becomes darker towards its tail. It has good vision. It has rear fangs. Its tongue is black.
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The Monocled Cobra (Naja kaouthia) is a venomous snake, and a reptile. It has an O-shaped monocellate hood pattern, which is different from the spectacled pattern of the Indian Cobra.
The Monocled Cobra may be brown, yellow, grey, blackish, or albino, with or without banded markings. It becomes paler as it ages. It has a black spot on each side of its hooded head. It has a pair of fixed anterior (front) fangs.
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The Taylor’s Cantil (Agkistrodon tylori) is a venomous snake and a reptile. It is related to a pit viper. It is also known as the Ornate Cantil.
The Taylor’s Cantil has a thick dark-brown to black body with white, orange, or yellow bands. It also has white stripes with orange or yellow along both sides of its head and mouth. Its head is triangular. It has long, hinged fangs.
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The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is a venomous snake and a reptile. It is also known as the Texas Diamond-Back.
The Western Diamondback Rattlesnakeis dusty grey-brown with dark-grey and white markings on its body. Its tail has 2-8 black bands. Its belly is cream to brownish without markings. It has large fangs.
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The Mangrove Snake (Boiga dendrophila) is also known as the Gold-Ringed Cat Snake. It is a mildly-venomous colubrid reptile.
The Mangrove Snake is rear-fanged. It is black on its upperparts with yellow sideways bands along its body. Its underbelly is black or blue-black with speckles of yellow. It has a yellow throat.
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The Emerald Tree Boa (Corallus caninus) is a non-venomous snake.
The Emerald Tree Boa is bright green with white zig-zag markings on its back and belly, called lightning bolts. Its belly is yellow. It has long frontal fangs.
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The Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus), native to Australia, is the most venomous snake in the world – it is a venomous elapid reptile. It is also known as the Western Taipan, the Small-Scale Snake, or the Fierce Snake. There are two types of Taipans in Australia: Coastal Taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) and Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus).
The Inland Taipan is dark-tan to brownish light-green, depending on the season. Its colour becomes darker in winter in order to absorb light and heat from the sun (called thermoregulation). Its underbelly is pale-yellowish. It has dark-marked scales in diagonal rows. It has a rounded head wiith dark eyes. It has venomous fangs.
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Are domestic cat’s teeth and lion’s teeth the same or different?
Domestic cats (Felis catus) and wild lions (Panthera leo) are both carnivorous felines – meat eating cats, or felids.
The type of teeth structure that they have is called their dentition.
Domestic cats and wild lions both have 30 teeth. Humans have 32 teeth.
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The Boomslang (Dispholidus typus) is a large venomous African colubrid (rear-fanged) snake. Boomslang means tree snake. It is a reptile.
The Boomslang can be various colours; males can be llight-green with black edges on their scales; and females can be brown, and may have tiny white spots. Its underbelly is cream or yellowish, without spots. Its head is egg-shaped and its eyes are very large and round. It has excellent eye sight.
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The Jameson’s Mamba (Dendroaspis jamesoni) is a venomous central African snake. It is an elapid snake, with venomous fangs.
The Jameson’s Mamba is long with smooth dark and pale green scales, with a narrow, black tail. Its underbelly is light yellow-green. Its head is narrow with a small black eye.
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The Mexican Green Rattler (Crotalus basiliscus) is a venomous pit viper, native to western Mexico. It is a snake, and a reptile.
The Mexican Green Rattler has a plump body with brown or grey scales. Its scales are diamond (rhombus) shaped with light edges. Its underbelly is creamy-white. It has a large, distinct grey-brown head. Its tail is dark grey with few markings. On the tip of the tail is its cream-coloured rattle.
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The African Tiger Snake (Telescopus semiannulatus) is from central, eastern, and southern Africa. It is a rear-fanged colubrid, which is non-venomous to humans.
The African Tiger Snake has pale orange or salmon pink scales with 24-48 black or dark brown bars on its back and tail. Its underbelly is pale yellow or orange. It has a narrow body, long tail, and a distinct head with large orange eyes that have vertical pupils.
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The Forest Cobra (Naja melanoleuca) is the largest cobra in Africa. It can grow to around 3 metres (10 feet) long. It is an elapid – a snake with fangs.
The Forest Cobra is glossy black and cream, with black throat bars and blotches. Some are speckled brown, yellow, or tan.
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The Black Mamba and the Green Mamba are both highly venomous snakes that can kill humans quickly with their fangs.
They are both elapids. Elapids are venomous snakes with fangs.
Black Mambas are olive or grey, and Green Mambas are shiny green.
Black Mambas are longer than Green Mambas.
Black Mambas are faster than Green Mambas.
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The Black Mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is a long thin snake with a distinctive coffin-shaped head.
It is not black. It is olive, brownish, yellow-brown or grey. The inside of its mouth is black.
It grows to approximately 3.2 metres (10.6 feet) long.
It is a very fast moving snake, active during the day (diurnal). It can climb trees, but it mainly moves along the ground.
It is the fastest, longest venomous snake in the world.
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Snakes like to eat their food alive.
Snakes feed on insects, frogs, small birds, mammals, fish and lizards.
Snakes have three ways of killing animals before they eat them: poison, crushing, or suffocating.
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