Indian Spotted Eagle

The Indian Spotted Eagle (Clanga hastata) is a large bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter. 

The Indian Spotted Eagle has light brown feathers with white spotted markings on its back, head, and neck. It has a broad head and a wide mouth with a sharp, downward curved, black beak. Its cere (at the base of its beak) is light-beige. Its eyes are dark brown. Its upper tail is light brown with white bars. It has yellowish feet with strong, sharp talons (claws). 

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European Honey Buzzard

The European Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus) is a medium-sized bird of prey, an accipiter, and a raptor. It is also called the Pern. 

The European Honey Buzzard is eagle-like with a small head, flat wings, and a long tail with a few dark bars. Its feathers are honey-brown. The male has a blue-grey head, and the female has a brown head. The female is slightly darker than the male. Both the male and the female have yellowish to light-orange eyes, and a grey beak with a yellow cere. 

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Booted Eagle

The Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) is a medium-sized bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter.

The Booted Eagle is mainly light grey with a darker head and flight feathers. Its feathers are flecked with black. It has feathers on its legs right down to its feet, which are called boots. It has a strong, downward curved black beak with a dark cere. Its eyes are dark. Its tail is dark above and white underneath (on its vent). It has brown feet with strong, sharp talons (claws).

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What is the difference between the Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle?

What is the difference between the Asian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea), the Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca), and the Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)?

The Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle are all large birds of prey, raptors, and accipiters from the Northern Hemisphere.

The Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle all have a dark-grey or black-tipped sharply down-turned beak with a yellow cere (the hard substance at the top of the beak).

The difference between them is mainly due to size, colour, and flight.

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Asian Golden Eagle

The Asian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea) is a large bird of prey, and one of the most common. It is a raptor and an accipiter. It is also called the Himalayan Golden Eagle or the Berkut.

The Asian Golden Eagle is dark-brown with red-golden-brown feathers on the back of its neck. It is blackish on its back. It has white on its tail and some white markings on its long, strong wings. It has a grey beak with a dark, sharply down-turned tip. Its beak has a yellow cere. It has grey legs, and grey feet with long claws.

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Eastern Imperial Eagle

The Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) is a large bird of prey. It is a raptor and an accipiter.

The Eastern Imperial Eagle is dark-brown with white shoulder patches and pale-cream feathers at the back of its neck. It has a grey base to its bi-coloured tail. It has grey legs with large claws, called talons. Its eyes are brown and its beak is sharply-hooked and grey with a yellow cere.

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Bateleur Eagle

The Bateleur Eagle (Terathopius ecaudatus) is a large African bird. It is a raptor and an accipiter (birds with powerful hooked beaks and powerful sharp talons).

The Bateleur Eagle is dark-black with a short, chestnut-coloured tail. It has extremely long, pointed wings that are white underneath. It has grey or brown shoulders, and a chestnut back. It has a yellow beak and a brilliant bare red face and base of bill (called the cere). It has an enormous head. Its legs are short and bright red.

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Black-Chested Snake Eagle

The Black-Chested Snake Eagle (Circaetus pectoralis) is a large African bird of prey – a raptor and accipiter. It is also called the Black-Breasted Snake Eagle.

The Black-Chested Snake Eagle has a dark brown-black head and chest. Its underparts and underwings are white, with dark barring on the flight feathers and tail. Its upperparts of dark brown. Its eyes are bright yellow. It has a light grey beak, and grey legs with sharp talons (claws).

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CREATURE FEATURE: Long-Crested Eagle

The Long-Crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis) is an African raptor, a bird of prey. It is an accipiter.

The Long-Crested Eagle is black-brown over most of its body, with patches of white on its wings. It has a long, shaggy crest. It has black and grey bars on its tail. Its eyes are big and bright yellow. It has a black beak with a yellow cere, and yellow legs.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Secretary Bird

The Secretary Bird (Sagittarius serpentarius) is an African bird of prey, a raptor. It is the only bird of prey that is terrestrial (it hunts for food while walking on land, rather than swooping on their prey).

The Secretary Bird has long-legs, with a slender but powerful body that looks like an eagle with an eagle-like head. It measures 1.2 metres (3.9 feet) long with a 2 metre (7 feet) wingspan. It is longer and taller than other raptors.

The Secretary Bird has 20 black crest feathers that look like quill pens behind its ears. It has a light grey body, black thighs and flight feathers, and white wing linings. Its tail has a pair of long central streamers. Its legs have thick scales to protect the bird from snakebite.

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Raptor eating its prey: a Southern Giant Pouched Rat

Raptors are birds of prey, such as eagles, hawks, vultures, kites, and buzzards.

They have strong, sharp beaks and even stronger claws, called talons.

This photograph is a Yellow-Billed Black Kite (Milvus aegyptius) from Kenya.

Its prey is a Southern Giant Pouched Rat (Cricetomys ansorgei), which is a rodent in the Nesomyidae family, found in southern and eastern Africa.

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