False Water Cobra

The False Water Cobra (Hydrodynastes gigas) is a venomous colubrid snake. It is not related to the cobra, but it can flatten its neck to make it look larger, just as a cobra does. It does not rear up like a cobra. It is also known as the Brazilian Smooth Snake.

The False Water Cobra is olive-green or brown with dark spots and bands.  It has large eyes with circular pupils. Its colour becomes darker towards its tail. It has good vision. It has rear fangs. Its tongue is black.

Continue reading “False Water Cobra”

Boomslang

The Boomslang (Dispholidus typus) is a large venomous African colubrid (rear-fanged) snake. Boomslang means tree snake. It is a reptile.

The Boomslang can be various colours; males can be llight-green with black edges on their scales; and females can be brown, and may have tiny white spots. Its underbelly is cream or yellowish, without spots. Its head is egg-shaped and its eyes are very large and round. It has excellent eye sight.

Continue reading “Boomslang”

Rufous Beaked Snake

The Rufous Beaked Snake (Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus) is a large, mildly venomous colubrid snake from East Africa. It is a reptile. A colubrid snake has fangs in the rear of their upper jaw.

The Rufous Beaked Snake has a hooked snout (nose), which can dig holes. It has brown-black scales. Its underbelly is cream or yellowish-white. Its head is distinct from its body. It has a dark brown-black eye stripe on the side of its head. Its eyes are large and round.

Continue reading “Rufous Beaked Snake”

African Tiger Snake

The African Tiger Snake (Telescopus semiannulatus) is from central, eastern, and southern Africa. It is a rear-fanged colubrid, which is not venomous to humans.

The African Tiger Snake has pale orange or salmon pink scales with 24-48 black or dark brown bars on its back and tail. Its underbelly is pale yellow or orange. It has a narrow body, long tail, and a distinct head with large orange eyes that have vertical pupils.

Continue reading “African Tiger Snake”

Colubrids

What are colubrids?

Colubrids are snakes that are mainly harmless, such as grass snakes and garter snakes.

The few venomous species have grooved fangs in the rear of the upper jaw, whereas the venomous snakes with fangs at the front of their mouth are called elapids.