The Red Wood Ant (Formica rufa) is an insect in the Formicidae family of ants. It is also known as the Southern Wood Ant and Horse Ant.
The Red Wood Ant has a head, thorax, and abdomen. It is reddish, except for its brownish-black abdomen and dark patch on the back of its head. Its 6 legs are reddish-black. Its antennae are long. It has large jaws called mandibles. It has smoky-brown wings during the mating season – only the fertile female and adult male have wings.
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The Puss Moth (Cerura vinula) is an insect in the Notodontidae family of moths.
The Puss Moth is creamy-white to yellowish-grey with light-brown lines and markings. The female has blackish lines and markings. It has a wide whitish-grey head, thorax, and abdomen that are very fluffy, like a hairy cat.
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The Silk Moth (Bombyx mori) is an insect in the Bombycidae family of silk moths.
The Silk Moth has a heavy, bristly body and small wings. It is fair to light brown with thin dark bands across its body. Its wings are cream-coloured. It is not capable of sustained flight – it is only airborne for a short time.
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The European Sycamore Moth (Actronicta aceris aceris) is an insect in the Noctuidae family of nocturnal moths.
The European Sycamore Moth is pale-grey to dark-grey. The male has white hind (back) wings that sometimes have dark streaks at the margins. The female has grey hind wings.
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The Great Silver Water Beetle (Hydrophilus piceus) is an aquatic freshwater insect in the Hydrophilidae family of scavenger water beetles.
The Great Silver Water Beetle has a black body with an iridescent green or olive sheen. It has protruding eyes and reddish-black antennae. It has six legs and a hard, outer shell called a carapace.
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What is a caterpillar?
A caterpillar is the larval stage of a butterfly or moth.A caterpillar pupates – it makes a chrysalis or a cocoon, which is a casing. Inside the casing, the caterpillar undergoes metamorphosis (changes), and it emerges as an adult butterfly.
A caterpillar has a soft body without an internal skeleton, so it is an invertebrate.
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The Common Tiger Butterfly (Danaus genutia) is an insect in the Nymphalidae family and Danainae group of brush-footed butterflies called the crows and tigers. It is also known as the Striped Tiger Butterfly.
The Common Tiger Butterfly is similar to the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus). The Common Tiger Butterfly has tawny-brown wings with veins marked with broad black bands. The male has a pouch on the hindwing. Its wings have black margins with two rows of white spots. The undersides of its wings are similar to the uppersides, but paler.
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The Common Sergeant Butterfly (Athyma perius) is a medium-sized insect in the Nymphalidae family.
The male Common Sergeant Butterfly has black wings with white markings. The undersides of its wings are yellow with white markings edged with black. Its thorax is black with bluish spots, and its abdomen is brown with white bands. Its antennae are long. The female is blackish-brown with a double row of minute black dots on her wings.
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The Silver Butterfly (Salamis anacardii duprei) is a medium-sized insect in the Nymphalidae family of white butterflies. It is also known as the Clouded Mother-of-Pearl Butterfly.
The Silver Butterfly has a silvery iridescent sheen with brown edgings and dots on its forewings and hindwings. Its body is brown and it has long antennae.
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The Mammoth Wasp (Megascolia maculate) is a large insect.
The Mammoth Wasp looks like a large Bumblebee. The female has a yellow-orange head, whereas the male has a black head. Its body has fine hairs and is glossy black with two yellow bands across its abdomen.
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The Common Brimstone Butterfly (Gonepteryx rhamni) is a medium-sized insect in the Pieridae family – white, yellow, and orange butterflies.
The male and female Common Brimstone Butterfly look different. The male has yellow wings with iridescence. The female has greenish-white wings with no iridescence. It has one small orange-brown spot on each of its four wings. Its body is dark-brown. It has medium-sized antennae.
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The Death’s-Head Hawkmoth (Acheronthia Atropos) is a large insect in the Sphingidae family. It has an image similar to a human skull on its thorax, behind its head.
The Death’s-Head Hawkmoth is brown to dark-brown with yellowish-cream patches, zigzags, and stripes. It has a wide, plump, furry body with brown and yellowish-cream colours. It has short antennae.
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The Tiger Longwing Butterfly (Heliconius hecale) is an heliconiid insect – in the family of brush-footed butterflies. It is also known as the Golden Longwing or the Golden Heliconian.
The Tiger Longwing has black wings with bright orange patches emanating from its body. It has white spotted lines on the edges of its wings. Its body is black.
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The Grecian Shoemaker Butterfly (Catonephele numilia) is a small insect in the Nymphalidae family of butterflies. It is also known as the Blue-Frosted Banner or the Stoplight Catone.
The male Grecian Shoemaker Butterfly is black with six orange dots on its wings. The female looks very different. She is blue-black with a light-yellow band across the centre of her forewings (front wings).
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The Caucasus Goat Moth (Cossus cossus araraticus) is a large insect.
The Caucasus Goat Moth has greyish-brown wings marked with fine, dark cross lines. It has a wide, fluffy body and short antennae.
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The Yellow Moth (Dysphania sagana) is a nocturnal insect in the Geometridae family.
The Yellow Moth is bright yellow with blackish edges and two bands of semi-transparent white spots on its fore-wings (front wings). Its hind-wings (back wings) are bright yellow with small black spots. Its head, thorax, and abdomen are yellow.
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What is the difference between a chrysalis, a cocoon and a pupa?
A chrysalis is the pupal casing of butterflies. A butterfly caterpillar pupates into a chrysalis, and an adult butterfly emerges.
A cocoon is the pupal casing made of moths and other insect larvae. A moth caterpillar pupates into a cocoon, and an adult moth emerges.
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The Holly Blue Butterfly (Celastrina argiolus) belongs to the Lycaenidae family – the blues family. It is also called the Hill Hedge Blue or the Echo Blue.
The Holly Blue Butterfly has pale silver-blue wings spotted with pale dots. The female has a margin of dark colour on her hind wings (back wings). Its underside is silvery-white.
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The Eurasian White Admiral (Limenitis camilla) is a butterly native to Europe and Asia. It is an insect from the Nymphalidae family – the gliders. The Limenitis camilla camilla (photographed) is from the Caucasus and Transcaucasia – Georgia, southern Russia, Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.
The Eurasian White Admiral has black wings with white bands.
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The Tent-Web Spider (Cyrtophora moluccensis) is an arachnid in the Araneidae family of Orb-Weavers. It is also called the Dome-Web Spider.
The Tent-Web Spider is varied in size and colour, but is usually yellow to green to brown-black. It has 2 body parts: the cephalothorax (head and chest), and the abdomen. On its head, it has up to 8 eyes, and 2 fangs in its mouth. Next to its mouth are 2 structures, like mini antennae, called pedipalps. Its abdomen has colourful markings. Its abdomen is where it has its spinnerets and silk-producing glands used to make its web. It has 8 legs, and each leg has 6 joints. Its legs are usually striped and contain hair-like spikes. Its leg hairs detect smells and vibrations.
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