The Convict Cichlid (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) is a freshwater fish. It is also known as the Zebra Cichlid or the Black-Striped Cichlid.
The Convict Cichlid has an oval-shaped bluish-grey body with 8 or 9 vertical black and white stripes. British convicts wore black and white uniforms, which is why it is called Convict Cichlid. The male has a lump on its forehead. The female has darker black bands.
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The Pearlscale Cichlid (Herichthys carpintis) is also known as the Lowland Cichlid or the Green Texas Cichlid. It is a freshwater fish.
The Pearlscale Cichlid has an oval-shaped body. It is blue-green with iridescent scales. It has red eyes. The female has a black blotch on its dorsal fin.
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The Doctor’s Cichlid (Pseudotropheus “daktari”) is a tropical freshwater fish. It is also known as the Blue Daktari or Scissor Tail Cichlid. Daktari is Swahili for doctor.
The male Doctor’s Cichlid is bright yellow with a little bit of blue or purple sheen, whereas the femal is pinkish-tan. The male and female have a black trim on the top and bottom edge of their tail fin. Its body is slightly elongated.
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The Lemon Cichlid (Neolamprologus leleupi) is a freshwater fish. It is also known as the Gold Cichlid, the Leleupi, or the Tanganyikan Lemon Cichlid.
The Lemon Cichlid is a yellow fish, ranging from bright yellow to yellow-brown.
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The Three-Striped Haplotaxodon (Haplotaxodon trifasciatus) is a little-known freshwater fish in the cichlid family.
The Three-Striped Haplotaxodon is silver with three faint stripes which darken as the fish ages. It also develops a dark spot on the base of its tail. It has large, bulging eyes to see in the dark waters of the lake.
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The Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) is a tropical freshwater fish from the cichlid family. It is also called the Tiger Oscar, the Velvet Oscar, or the Marble Oscar.
The Oscar is dark-coloured with yellow-ringed spots or orange patches. It is able to change its colour. It has bulging orange-brown eyes and thick lips.
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The Kotsovato Cichlid (Paretroplus kieneri) is a medium-sized freshwater fish related to the Wrasse and the Damselfish.
The Kotsovato Cichlid has an oval-shaped, thin body with a crescent tail, and thick lips. It is blue-purple with patches of orange scales on the ridge of its back and on its underbelly near its tail.
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The Redstriped Eartheater Cichlid (Geophagus surinamensis) is a tropical freshwater ray-finned fish.
The Redstriped Eartheater Cichlid is silver with horizontal stripes. It has a long dorsal fin (back fin) and trailing pectoral fins.
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The Blue Discus (Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin) is a freshwater fish in the Cichlidae family of cichlids. It is from the Amazon River in South America, and is also known as the Brown Discus.
The Blue Discus is a laterally compressed fish, which means that it is vertically thin. It has a round discus-shape. It is patterned in shades of green, red, brown, and blue.
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The Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is a cichlid fish from Africa. Outside of Africa, it is generally regarded as an invasive species.
The Nile Tilapia has regular, vertical indistinct stripes, with variable colours.
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The Hunchback Tilapia (Cyphotilapia frontosa), is commonly called the Frontosa, or the Hunchback Cichlid. It is a cichlid fish found in Lake Tanganyika in East Africa. Cyphotilapia means hunchback fish, and frontosa means big forehead.
The Hunchback Tilapia has 5-7 vertical black bars on a white-blue body. Its fins also look white-blue. One of the black bars runs through its eyes. It is a thick-lipped fish. The most striking feature is the hump on its forehead. It is called a nuchal hump. Nuchal means that the hump is on the nape (back of the neck).
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