What is the difference between the Large White Butterfly and the Small White Butterfly?

What is the difference between the Large White Butterfly (Pieris brassicae) and the Small White Butterfly (Pieris rapae)? 

Both the Large White Butterfly and the Small White Butterfly are white insects in the Pieridae family of white and yellow butterflies.

The Large White Butterfly is about 5-7 centimetres (2-3 inches) across its wings, whereas the Small White Butterfly is about 3-5 centimetres (1-2 inches) across its wings. 

The Large White Butterfly has a black band at the tip of its forewings (front wings), whereas the Small White Butterfly has no black bands.

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Large White Butterfly

The Large White Butterfly (Pieris brassicae) is a small insect in the Pieridae family of white and yellow butterflies. It is also known as the Large Cabbage White. It is a close relative of the Small White Butterfly (Pieris rapae). 

The Large White Butterfly is white with black tips on its forewings (front wings). The female has two black spots in the middle of its forewings. The male has no black dots. Its upperside is creamy-white, and its underside is pale-greenish. Its body is black.

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Small White Butterfly

The Small White Butterfly (Pieris rapae rapae) is a small insect in the Pieridae family of white and yellow butterflies. It is also known as the Small Cabbage White. 

The Small White Butterfly has a white upperside—the male is creamy-white and the female is brighter white. Both the male and the female have two black spots in the middle of its forewings (front wings). Its underside is yellowish with black speckles. 

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Monarch Butterfly

The Monarch Butterfly (Danus plexippus) is an insect in the Nymphalidae family of milkweed butterfies. It is also known as the Milkweed Butterfly, Common Tiger Butterfly, Wanderer Butterfly, and the Black-Veined Brown Butterfly. 

The Monarch Butterfly has black, orange, and white wings. The undersides of its wings are orange-brown. It has black veins and small white spots in the margins at the edge of its wings. The male has a black spot on each hind (back) wing. Its body and its six legs are black. 

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Crowned Hairstreak Butterfly

The Crowned Hairstreak Butterfly (Evenus coronate) is an insect in the Lycaenidae family of gossamer-winged butterflies.

The Crowned Hairstreak Butterfly has brown, glossy, metallic wings with inner patches of bright blue and a hint of green near its body. Its hind (back) wings have pendulous tips. It has long, clubbed antennae. Its body is light-brown. The adult butterfly has a long proboscis (siphon nose) to suck up the nectar from flowers. 

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Montrouzier’s Ulysses Butterfly

The Montrouzier’s Ulysses Butterfly (Papilio montrouzieri) is a large insect in the family of swallowtail butterflies.

The Montrouzier’s Ulysses Butterfly has iridescent electric blue wings with brown-black edges. It has forked hind (back) wings. Its underside is brown-black. The female has crescent-shaped blue markings on her hind wings. Its body is brown-black with long antennae.

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Common Tiger Butterfly

The Common Tiger Butterfly (Danaus genutia) is an insect in the Nymphalidae family and Danainae group of brush-footed butterflies called the crows and tigers. It is also known as the Striped Tiger Butterfly. 

The Common Tiger Butterfly is similar to the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus). The Common Tiger Butterfly has tawny-brown wings with veins marked with broad black bands. The male has a pouch on the hindwing. Its wings have black margins with two rows of white spots. The undersides of its wings are similar to the uppersides, but paler. 

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Common Sergeant Butterfly

The Common Sergeant Butterfly (Athyma perius) is a medium-sized insect in the Nymphalidae family.

The male Common Sergeant Butterfly has black wings with white markings. The undersides of its wings are yellow with white markings edged with black. Its thorax is black with bluish spots, and its abdomen is brown with white bands. Its antennae are long. The female is blackish-brown with a double row of minute black dots on her wings.  

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Common Brimstone Butterfly

The Common Brimstone Butterfly (Gonepteryx rhamni) is a medium-sized insect in the Pieridae family – white, yellow, and orange butterflies.

The male and female Common Brimstone Butterfly look different. The male has yellow wings with iridescence. The female has greenish-white wings with no iridescence. It has one small orange-brown spot on each of its four wings. Its body is dark-brown. It has medium-sized antennae.

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Grecian Shoemaker Butterfly

The Grecian Shoemaker Butterfly (Catonephele numilia) is a small insect in the Nymphalidae family of butterflies. It is also known as the Blue-Frosted Banner or the Stoplight Catone.

The male Grecian Shoemaker Butterfly is black with six orange dots on its wings. The female looks very different. She is blue-black with a light-yellow band across the centre of her forewings (front wings).

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Peruvian 88 Butterfly

The Peruvian 88 Butterfly (Diaethria clymena peruviana) is a small insect in the Callicore tribe of the Nymphalidae family.

The Peruvian 88 Butterfly is black on its upperside with a diagonal band of metallic blue or green. The underside of its forewings (front wings) is white, black and reddish-orange-brown, and the underside of its hindwings (back wings) is black and white with a pattern that looks like the number 88.

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