Bateleur Eagle

The Bateleur Eagle (Terathopius ecaudatus) is a large African bird. It is a raptor and an accipiter (birds with powerful hooked beaks and powerful sharp talons).

The Bateleur Eagle is dark-black with a short, chestnut-coloured tail. It has extremely long, pointed wings that are white underneath. It has grey or brown shoulders, and a chestnut back. It has a yellow beak and a brilliant bare red face and base of bill (called the cere). It has an enormous head. Its legs are short and bright red.

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Australasian Swamphen and Western Swamphen: what’s the difference?

What is the difference between the Australasian Swamphen and the Western Swamphen?

The Australasian Swamphen (Porphyrio melanotus) and the Western Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) are both small, chicken-sized, wetland birds. Swamphen is pronounced Swamp Hen.

The Australasian Swamphen and the Western Swamphen both have a red frontal shield above their thick red beak.

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Common Moorhen

The Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) is also known s the Waterhen, the Swamp Chicken, and the Common Moorhen. It is a medium-sized bird in the Rail family.

The Common Moorhen has dark black-grey feathers, except for a white undertail. It has a white line on its side, called a flank line. It has a red frontal shield above its yellow-tipped red beak. It has yellow legs that have no webbing between its four toes. It has orange-brown eyes.

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Chilean Flamingo, Greater Flamingo, and Lesser Flamingo: what’s the difference?

What’s the difference between the Chilean Flamingo, Greater Flamingo, and Lessor Flamingo?

The Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus), and Lessor Flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) are large wetland birds with S-shaped necks.

The Chilean Flamingo is from South America, and the Greater and Lesser Flamingo are from east and southern Africa. The Greater and Lesser Flamingo colonies often mix together.

The Chilean Flamingo has a pink body with darker pink wing feathers. The Greater Flamingo has a white or pale-pink body with black flight feathers. The Lesser Flamingo has a rose-pink to white body with black flight feathers.

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Bird Wrasse

The Bird Wrasse (Gomphosus varius) is a medium-sized ray-finned marine fish.

The Bird Wrasse has an elongated body with a truncated tail and a long nose (snout). The end of its snout is similar to a bird’s beak. It is blue-green, with a darker blue-green head, yellow-green dorsal fins and yellow-green tail fins. Females are duller in colour.

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Common Bulbul

The Common Bulbul (Pycnonotus barbatus) is a bird from north-eastern, northern, western and central Africa. The Pycnonotus barbatus tricolor and the Pycnonotus barbatus dodsoni are native to north and east Kenya.

The Common Bulbul has a dark-brown head with lighter brown body feathers, with white underparts. Its beak, legs, and feet are black. Its eyes are dark-brown with a dark eye-ring. Its beak is short and thin, curving slightly downward. It has a long tail with yellow feathers under its tail.

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Rufous Beaked Snake

The Rufous Beaked Snake (Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus) is a large, mildly venomous colubrid snake from East Africa. It is a reptile. A colubrid snake has fangs in the rear of their upper jaw.

The Rufous Beaked Snake has a hooked snout (nose), which can dig holes. It has brown-black scales. Its underbelly is cream or yellowish-white. Its head is distinct from its body. It has a dark brown-black eye stripe on the side of its head. Its eyes are large and round.

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What’s the difference between an African Spoonbill and a Royal Spoonbill?

The African Spoonbill (Platalea alba) and the Royal Spoonbill (Platalea regia) are both white wetland wading birds with a spoon-shaped beak (bill).

The African Spoonbill has a pink-grey narrow beak, and the end of the beak is narrow which acts like a pair of forceps to grab its prey.

The Royal Spoonbill has a black beak, and the end of the beak is broad which acts like a pair of tongs to grap its prey.

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Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, Great Egret: what’s the difference?

What’s the difference between the Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, and Great Egret?

The Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), the Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia or Mesophoyx intermedia), and the Great Egret (Ardea alba melanorhynchos or Casmerodius albus melanorhynchos) have all white plumage (feathers).

The Little Egret has a black beak. The Intermediate Egret has a shorter, thicker yellow beak that may turn red or black in the breeding season.  The Great Egret has a long, thin, yellow beak that may become darker in the breeding season.

The Little Egret does not have a black line underneath its eye. The breeding adult Intermediate Egret has a black line underneath its eye, but it does not extend past the eye. The Great Egret has a fine black line from its beak to beyond its eye (like eye-liner underneath the eye).

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African Great Egret

The Great Egret (Ardea alba) is also known as the Common Egret, Large Egret, Great White Egret or Great White Heron. It is a large, common egret found in Asia, Africa, the Americas, and southern Europe. It is a member of the heron family. It is closely related to pelicans.

The African Great Egret (Ardea alba melanorhynchos or Casmerodius albus melanorhynchos) is found in the wetlands of tropical Africa.

The African Great Egret has all white feathers, and a long, thin, yellow beak, which may become darker in the breeding season. It has a fine black line from its beak to beyond its eye (like eye-liner underneath the eye). It has black legs and feet.

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Intermediate Egret

The Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia or Mesophoyx intermedia) is also known as the Median Egret, or Yellow-Billed Egret. It is a medium-sized egret found in the wetlands of Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is a member of the heron family.

The Intermediate Egret has all white feathers, and a yellow beak (which may turn red or black in the breeding season). It has black legs and feet.

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