Tasmanian Devils are reintroduced into Australia’s mainland

Eleven Tasmanian Devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) from the island state of Tasmania have been reintroduced into the mainland of Australia for the first time in 3,000 years.

The Tasmanian Devil is a marsupial mammal, an animal with a pouch. It once roamed the mainland of Australia and is now listed as endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. The Tasmanian Devil lived on the the mainland of Australia for 40,000 years until it died out due to the European introduction of foxes and cats in the 19th century that preyed on many native marsupial mammal species.

The Tasmanian Devil continued to live on the Tasmanian island in southern Australia, but many died over the past 20 years, since 2000, due to the Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD), which is a cancer of the face. It is estimated that there are only 25,000 Tasmanian Devils left in Tasmania.

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Southern Masked Lapwing

The Southern Masked Lapwing (Vanellus miles novaehollandiae) is a common birld in the Charadriidae family and Vanellinae sub-family of plovers, lapwings, and dotterels.

The Southern Masked Lapwing has a rounded body, brown on its upperside and white on its underbelly and neck. It has distinctive black markings on its shoulders and the sides of its chest. It has a black crown and nape, with a yellow face and small, black eyes. It has small yellow wattles (skin) hanging from its neck. It has reddish-brown legs.

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The Wonga Pigeon (Leucosarcia melanoleuca) is a medium-sized bird in the Columbidae family of pigeons.

The Wonga Pigeon is plump with a short neck, broad wings, and a long tail. It is pale blue-grey with black feathers, and a creamy-white head. Its underbelly is white with dotted dark-grey spots, with a white V-shape on its chest. Its eys are dark red-brown with pink eye-rings. Its legs are red. 

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Port Lincoln Ringneck Parrot

The Port Lincoln Ringneck Parrot (Barnardius zonarius zonarius) is a medium-sized bird in the Psittaculidae family of broad-tailed parrots, related to the Rosellas. It is a sub-species of the Australian Ringneck Parrot.

The Port Lincoln Ringneck Parrot is mainly green. It has a yellow ring around the back of its neck. It has a dull-black head, back and rump. Its throat and chest are bluish-green. Its wings are brilliant green and its tail is blue and green. It has a beige beak and beige legs.

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Common Bronzewing Pigeon

The Common Bronzewing Pigeon (Phaps chalcoptera) is a medium-sized bird in the pigeon family.

The Common Bronzewing Pigeon is a brownish, plump-bodied bird with bronze coloured wings. The male is darker than the female. The male has a pale-yellow forehead and a pinkish chest. Both the male and the female have a white line around their eyes. It also has patches of red, blue, and green on its wings. It has dark eyes and pink legs.

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Jacky Dragon

The Jacky Dragon (Amphibolurus muricatus) is a medium-sized reptile in the Agamidae family of agamid lizards. It is also known as the Tree Dragon, the Stonewalker, or the Blood-Sucker.

The Jacky Dragon has an elongated, rough-scaled, brown to pale-grey body with dark markings along the middle of its back. The dark markings are combined with pale blotches. It has a dark-brown bar between its eyes and its ears. It has five crests on its head. It has a bright yellow lining in its mouth, and orange-red corners of its mouth, with a broad, thick, fleshy tongue. Its hind (back) legs are longer than its front legs. Its feet have five clawed toes.

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Mallee Ringneck Parrot

The Mallee Ringneck Parrot (Barnardius zonarius barnardi) is a sub-species of the Australian Ringneck. It is a medium-sized bird in the Psittaculidae family of parrots. 

The Mallee Ringneck Parrot is green with a yellow ring around the back of its neck. Its head is bright green with a dark-green strip from its eye to the back of its neck. Its back, rump and wings are blue to green. Its chest is bluish-green to turquoise green with a yellowish band across its abdomen. Its broad tail is green and blue. It has a light beige beak with a red frontal band.

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Willie Wagtail

The Willie Wagtail (Rhipidura leucophyrs leucophyrs) is a passerine songbird. It is not related to the Eurasian Wagtail in the Motacillidae family. It is related to the crow, raven, drongo, and bird of paradise. It wags its tail from side to side when it is on the ground.

The Willie Wagtail has black upperparts and white underparts. It has a white eyebrow. It has a black fantail. It has a short, thin, black beak, which has a hooked tip. It has long, black legs for its size. 

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Albert’s Lyrebird

The Albert’s Lyrebird (Menura alberti) is a large passerine songbird in the Menuridae family. It is a ground-dwelling bird. 

The Albert’s Lyrebird looks like a partridge or pheasant, with a plumpish body, slender neck, and a long tail. It has short, rounded wings, which makes them poor fliers.

When the tail is fanned out, the male’s large tail looks like a lyre musical instrument. His tail has 16 modified feathers. Two of the tail feathers, called medians, are broad, brown curved feathers with dark tips. There are also two thin dark feathers, called lyrates. The rest of the 12 tail feathers are white filamentaries.  

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The Gouldian Finch (Erythura gouldiaeor Chloebia goldiae) is a small passerine bird in the Estrildidae family. It is an estrildid. It is also known as the Gould Finch or the Rainbow Finch. 

The Gouldian Finch is brightly coloured and varied, with mainly black, green, yellow, and red markings. The male has a purple chest and the female has a light mauve chest. Its head is red, black, or yellow. Its beak is light-coloured with a red tip. It has pale legs and feet. 

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Bird Dropping Spider

The Bird Dropping Spider (Celaenia excavata) is an arachnid in the Araneidae family. The toxicity of the Bird Dropping Spider is unknown. It is also known as Death’s Head Spider, Orchard Spider, and Bird-Dung Spider.

The Bird Dropping Spider looks like bird droppings – bird poop – to avoid predators, such as birds. It has a broad, triangular, black-brown body with a pair of bumps near its rear end. Its legs are usually folded against its body. 

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Australian Green Tree Frog

The Australian Green Tree Frog (Litoria caerulea) is a large, arboreal amphibian in the Hylidae family. It is also known as the White’s Tree Frog or the Dumpy Tree Frog.

The Australian Green Tree Froghas a plump body with a ridge over its eyes.  It is emerald or bright green with yellow or white blotches on its back. It has a cream underbelly, and the undersides of its feet and legs are bright yellow. Its eyes have horizontal golden pupils. 

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What’s the difference between the Emerald Tree Boa and the Green Tree Python?

What is the difference between the Emerald Tree Boa (Corallus caninus) and the Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis)?

The Emerald Tree Boa and the Green Tree Python are both non-venomous arboreal (tree) reptiles and snakes.

The Emerald Tree Boa and the Green Tree Python are bright green with yellowish underbellies. 

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