What are the differences between the Asian Hornet and the European Hornet?

What are the differences between the Asian Hornet (Vespa velutina) and the European Hornet (Vespa crabro)?

The Asian Hornet and the European Hornet are both insects in the family of eusocial wasps. They both live in colonies of several thousand individuals.

The Asian Hornet has a smooth, black and yellow-orange body with yellow legs and black wings, whereas the European Hornet has a smooth, black and yellow body with distinctive yellow legs and reddish-orange wings.

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Asian Hornet

The Asian Hornet (Vespa velutina) is an insect in the family of eusocial wasps. It is a vespine. It is also known as the Yellow-Legged Hornet. 

The Asian Hornet has a smooth black and yellow-orange body with black wings and yellow legs, called tarsi. Its thorax (chest) is brown or black. Its abdomen (stomach) is brown. Each abdominal segment has a narrow yellow border, except for the fourth segment, which is orange. Its head is black with a yellow-orange face and black antennae. The female worker hornet has a smooth barbless stinger that can repeatedly sting an animal.

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Indian Pied Wagtail

The Indian Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba dukhunensis) is a small bird and a sub-species in the Motacillidae family of white wagtails, pipits, and longclaws. 

The Indian Pied Wagtail has pale blue-grey upperparts and a continuous unbroken white panel on its wings. Its has long tail feathers with some black, as well as black markings on its crown. Its face is white with a thin black line from its cheek to its chest. It has black eyes and black legs.

It frequently wags its tail up and down.

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Siamese Flying Fox

The Siamese Flying Fox (Epalzeorhynchus kallopterus) is a freshwater fish in the Cyprinidae family. 

The Siamese Flying Fox has an elongated, cylindrical body with a brownish-black, horizontal band from its eye to its tail. It also has a thinner, golden-coloured line above and below the black line. It has white and black edges on its fins. Its mouth is slightly forward protruding with two pairs of small barbels (whisker-like structures). It has red eyes. 

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Blue Gourami

The Blue Gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus) is a freshwater fish in the Osphronemidae family of labyrinthine fish. It is also known as the Dotted Threadfish, the Blue Threadfish, the Opaline Gourami, or the Three Spot Gourami. 

The Blue Gourami is blue-grey to ochre-brown, yellow-orange, and violet. It has the appearance of mother-of-pearl, opal, or iridescence. At the base of the tail fin and in the centre of its body are dark-brown or black spots. Its eyes are reddish-black. 

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Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys) is a small insect in the Pentatomidae family of shield bugs. It is called the Stink Bug because it has an unpleasant smell when it is squashed.

The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug has a dark-brown and bluish hard, shield-shaped exo-skeleton and a cream-coloured underbelly. The shield is called a scutellum. Marmorated means ‘marble-like’ or light and dark bands. Its six greyish-black legs, called tarsi, have three segments. It has forewings (front wings) called hemelytra, and it also has hindwings (back wings). It has a sucking mouthpart. 

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Scarlet Dragonfly

The Scarlet Dragonfly (Crocothemis erythraea) is an insect in the Libellulidae family of dragonflies. It is also known as the Broad Scarlet or the Common Scarlet-Darter.

The Scarlet Dragonfly has a long, flattened abdomen. The adult male has a bright scarlet-red abdomen, red-veined wings, and small amber-gold patches at the base of its hindwings (back wings). The female has a yellow-brown abdomen and a pale stripe on the top of its thorax (chest).

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Eurasian Lynx

The Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) is a medium-sized wild cat: a feline mammal. It is a felid. 

The Eurasian Lynx has short reddish or brown fur in summer and thick, silky silver-grey to greyish-brown fur in winter, with a long grey and white ruff. Its underbelly, neck and chin are white. Its fur has black spots, although some Lynxes have dark-brown stripes on their forehead and back. It has black tufts of hair on its ears. It has powerful long legs with large webbed, furred paws to enable it to swim and to walk on snowy ground. It has a bobbed tail with a black tip. 

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Clouded Leopard

The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosi) is a wild cat; a feline mammal (a felid). 

The Clouded Leopard has dark-grey to ochre-brown fur, with black and dark-coloured markings. It has black spots on its head, and broken stripes from the corner of its eyes over its cheek, from the corner of its mouth to the neck, and along its shoulders. Its sides have dusky-grey irregular blotches. Its underbelly and legs are spotted. 

Its ears are black, and its tail has large, irregular, paired spots. It has short legs with large paws. Its back legs are longer than its front legs. Its eyes have vertical slits with brownish-yellow to greyish-green irises. It has long, sharp canine teeth.  

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Gallic Eurasian Magpie

The Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica) is a common bird across Eurasia (Europe and Asia). It is related to the crow; therefore, it is a corvid.

The Gallic Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica galliae) is a sub-species of the Eurasian Magpie in western Europe, from France to Italy, but particularly common in France. The photographed birds are from Paris, France.

The Gallic Eurasian Magpie has a black and metallic iridescent green head, neck, and chest. Its belly and shoulder feathers are white. Its wings are black with green and purple. Its tail, legs, and beak are black. Its tail is long. Its eyes are dark-brown.

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Eurasian Collared Dove

The Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) is a medium-sized bird. It is closely related to the Island Collared Dove, the African Collared Dove, and the Spotted Turtle-Dove.

The Eurasian Collared Dove has a long tail, and a slim pinkish-grey body that is darker above and paler below, with a blue-grey underwing patch. It has a black half-collar around its neck. Its tail is grey-buff above and dark grey underneath. It has short reddish legs, a black beak, and red eyes (but from a distance, its eyes look black). It has white or yellow bare skin around its eyes. 

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Rhinoceros Ratsnake

The Rhinoceros Ratsnake (Gonyosoma boulengeri) is a non-venomous colubrid reptile in the Colubridae family. It is also known as the Vietnamese Longnose Snake.

The Rhinoceros Ratsnake is green with a prominent, distinctive protrusion of the front of its nose. The pointy protrusion—which looks like a rhinoceros horn—has scales like the rest of its body. It has 19 rows of dorsal (back) scales to its mid-body.

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Indian Spotted Eagle

The Indian Spotted Eagle (Clanga hastata) is a large bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter. 

The Indian Spotted Eagle has light brown feathers with white spotted markings on its back, head, and neck. It has a broad head and a wide mouth with a sharp, downward curved, black beak. Its cere (at the base of its beak) is light-beige. Its eyes are dark brown. Its upper tail is light brown with white bars. It has yellowish feet with strong, sharp talons (claws). 

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The Binturong (Arctictis binturong) is an arboreal mammal. It is also known as a Bearcat. It is not related to bears and it is not related to cats. It is closely related to the Palm Civet. It is a viverrid.

The Binturong has a grey-black, thick, furry body with short legs. Its tail is long, bushy, curls inwards at the end, and is prehensile, which means that it can wrap around branches. It has a short, turned-up, black rounded nose covered with bristly hairs. It has long whiskers.

Its eyes are large and black, with a vertical pupil. It has short, rounded ears, edged with white, with tufts of black hair. It has six short rounded incisor teeth in each jaw, two long sharp canine teeth, and six molar teeth on each side of its jaw. Its five toes have long claws. It has musk glands that emit a scent.

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