The Chameleon has zygodactylous feet. Zygo means paired, joined, or fused, and dactyl means digit (finger or toe). Scientists would like a more appropriate word, because the chameleon does not have true zygodactylous feet, like the parrot.
It has five toes on each foot. The toes are grouped into two fascicles (a bundle of structures).
Two or three toes in each fascicle are fused together, which makes its feet look like tongs (the tongs people use in the kitchen to pick up food).
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The Chameleon (family Chamaeleonidae) is a lizard – and a reptile.
The Chameleon can be a variety of colours, and many can change colour to match its environment – this is called camouflage. It is usually green, brown, olive-green, or grey-brown. It is elongated, usually with a raised or slightly-domed back, and a tail that can curl around plants. It often has a crest of spines along its back, and a fleshy lump at the back of its head. It has zygodactylous (fused) feet for climbing trees. It has a long tongue, and independently mobile eyes with stereoscopic vision.
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The Northern Caiman Lizard (Dracaena guianensis) is a semi-aquatic freshwater reptile. It is also known as the Guyana Caiman Lizard. It is related to the Tegu.
The Northern Caiman Lizard has a heavy bright green body with short legs. It has dark bands on its body. Its head is large and usually red or orange. Its jaws are muscular and powerful. It has a long tail. It has a clear third eyelid, which is like a pair of goggles when it swims underwater. It has five toes, and its fourth toe is longer than its other toes.
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The Musk Lorikeet (Glossopsitta concinna) is a medium-sized bird in the parrot family. It is also known as the Red-Eared Lorikeet and Green Keet.
The Musk Lorikeet is green with a red forehead, blue crown, and a yellow band on its wings. It has a red beak and orange eyes.
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The Goeldi’s Monkey (Callimico goeldii) is a small, rare, primate mammal. It is also known as Goeldi’s Marmoset or the Callimico.
The Goeldi’s Monkey is black or blackish-brown. The hair on its head and tail sometimes has red, white, or silvery-brown highlights.
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The Caucasian Squirrel (Sciurus anomalus anomalus) is a small arboreal (tree) mammal. It is also called the Persian Squirrel.
The Caucasian Squirrel ranges in colour from greyish-brown to pale-grey or orange-brown with a yellow-brown or rusty-brown underbelly. Its bushy tail is deep red. It has short claws.
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The Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) is a great ape and a primate mammal.
The Bornean Orangutan has long reddish-brown fur and grey-black skin. It has long, strong arms, with short, bowed legs, and no tail. It has large cheek flaps of fatty tissue. Its hands have four long fingers and an opposable thumb, like the hands of a human, but their fingers are curved with a hooked grip. Its feet have four long toes with an opposable big toe, which humans do not have.
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The Blue Tree Monitor (Varanus macraei) is an arboreal lizard and a reptile. It is also known as the Blue-Spotted Tree Monitor.
The Blue Tree Monitor is black with scattered blue scales. The tip of its nose is light-blue and its lower jaw is white with green scales along its neck, forming a V-shaped pattern. Its legs are spotted with turquoise eye-spots, called ocelli. Its throat is light with dark spots.
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The Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa) is a medium-sized bird. It is related to the starling.
The Common Hill Myna is glossy black with a bright orange-yellow patch of bare skin and fleshy wattles (loose skin) on the side of its head and the back of its neck. Its beak is orange-yellow, and its legs are pale to bright yellow. It has round dark eyes.
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The Northwestern Carpet Python (Morelia spilota variegata) is a non-venomous constrictor snake, and a reptile. It is also known as the Darwin Python or the Diamond Python.
The Northwestern Carpet Python is creamy-beige or brown with blackish or grey blotches, cross-bands or stripes, or a combination of patterns. It has yellow flower-type or irregular patterns in each band of markings. Its main colour and markings can be varied, in yellow, gold, rust, or grey.
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The Long-Nosed Whip Snake (Ahaetulla nasuta) is a mildly venomous arboreal snake, often called the Green Vine Snake, but it is not the same as the South American Green Vine Snake (Oxybelis fulgidus). Ahaetulla means eye plucker, because it strikes the eyes of its prey.
The Long-Nosed Whip Snake is slender and bright green with a pointed snout (nose). It has black and white scale markings, which are mostly hidden, and only shown when it expands its body to deter predators. Its colour is an excellent camouflage in trees.
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The Amazon Milk Frog (Trachycephalus resinifictrix) is an arboreal amphibian. It is also called the Mission Golden-Eyed Tree Frog or the Blue Milk Frog.
The Amazon Milk Frog is light-grey with brown or black bands. As it ages, it develops bumpy skin. It looks like milk has been spilled on it, but the name actually refers to the milky fluid that it excretes when it is stressed.
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The Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus) is a mammal. It is also known as the Southern Two-Toed Sloth or the Linnaeus’s Two-Toed Sloth. It is related to the Anteater. There are three-toed sloths (three toes on their front feet) and two-toed sloths (two toes on their front feet).
The Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth has light-brown fur, long limbs, and a protruding nose with large nostrils. It has patches of chestnut-coloured fur on its limbs (arms and legs) and crown. It has brown eyes. It has two toes on its front feet and three toes on its back feet. The toes are actually long curved claws. It does not have many teeth – it has four or five sets of teeth, including canine teeth. It does not have incisor teeth. It has a stubby tail.
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The Red Titi Monkey (Callicebus cupreus) is a primate and a mammal. It is also known as the Coppery Titi Monkey.
The Red Titi Monkey has red, fluffy fur. It has a small rounded grey face, small ears, and a flat nose. It has a long tail, but it is not prehensible, which means that it cannot hold or grasp tree branches.
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The Spiny-Headed Tree Lizard (Plica plica) is an arboreal lizard. It is also called the Collared Tree Lizard, the Collared Tree Runner, or the Harlequin Racerunner.
The Spiny-Headed Tree Lizard is usually olive-green or greenish, with dark-brown mottled markings on its body. Its chin is whitish and its throat is black. Its body is flattened and adapted to living on, and sticking to, the bark of trees. It has a collar, called a ruff, around its neck. It also has spines on its neck. It has green eyes.
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The Hanuman Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) is a monkey from South Asia. It is also called the Grey Langur. It is a primate, and a mammal.
The Hanuman Langur is predominantly light-grey, with a black face, white crown, white chin, white nape, and white neck. Its belly is also whitish. It has black hands and black ears.
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The Emerald Tree Monitor (Varanus prasinus) is a medium-sized tree lizard. It is a reptile.
The Emerald Tree Monitor is bright green to turquoise-green with dark bands on its back. It has a long slender body. It has long, prehensile claws and a prehensile tail used to grip or wrap around tree branches.
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The Northern White-Faced Owl (Ptilopsis leucotis) is a large nocturnal bird.
The Northern White-Faced Owl has grey and white body feathers, streaked with black, with a white face. Its has a black rim around its face. It has pale-yellow legs with strong claws. Its eyes are large and orange-brown.
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The Large Eyed Snake (Telescopus dhara) is also called the Black Tiger Snake and the Arabian Cat Snake. It is a colubrid snake and a reptile.
The Large Eyed Snake has a broad head and a slender body. It has medium to large eyes with vertical pupils. It is mostly a dull colour, but there are spotted species.
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The Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a small monkey from South America. It is a mammal.
The Common Marmoset is small with a long banded (striped) tail. It has brown, grey, and yellow fur. It has white ear tufts. It has black across its nose and a white patch on its forehead. On its fingers, it has claw-like nails, called tegulaes. On its feet, only its big toes have toenails.
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