The Tanzanian Blue Ringleg Centipede (Scolopendra morsitans) is a chilopod in the Scolopendridae family of banded centipedes. It is also known as the Red-Headed Centipede.
The Tanzanian Blue Ringleg Centipede has a wide, flattened yellow-gold to dark-slate body with black bands. It has a pair of antennae on its head and a pair of spikes on its tail. It has a segmented body, with 15 to 177 segments.
It has one pair of legs for each body segment (in total it has 30-354 legs). No centipede has exactly 100 legs even though centipede means a hundred legs. Each pair of legs is slightly longer than the pair immediately in front of it.
Continue reading “Tanzanian Blue Ringleg Centipede”
The Yellow Mongoose (Cynictis penicillata) is a mammal in the Herpestidae family. It is also known as the Red Meerkat.
It is mainly diurnal, active during the day. Diurnal animals usually have round pupils, like the eyes of humans.
Continue reading “Mongoose Eyes”
The Kirk’s Dik-Dik (Madoqua kirkii) is a small mammal in the Bovidae family of antelopes from East Africa.
It lives in pairs, mating for life. The female is pregnant for 5-6 months, and may have one or two babies per year. The mother hides her young in long grass to avoid predators, such as cheetahs, leopards, lions, eagles, hyenas, crocodiles, baboons, and jackals.
Continue reading “Kirk’s Dik-Dik baby”
The Egyptian Cricket (Homoeogryllus xanthographus) is a small insect in the Phalangopsidae family of crickets. It is also knowns as the Beetle Cricket. It is related to grasshoppers.
The Egyptian Cricket has a black, oval-shaped body with a flat plate on its back. It has long, thread-like antennae. It has long hind legs (back legs). Near the tail of its body, it has a pair of light-beige tubes. It has transparent wings.
Continue reading “Egyptian Cricket”
The Common Hammock-Weaver Spider (Linphia triangularis) is a very small arachnid in the Linyphiidae family of Sheet-Web Weaver spiders. It is commonly called a Money Spider.
The Common Hammock-Weaver Spider is usually dark-brown with variable markings on its rounded abdomen. Its eight legs are light-beige coloured.
Continue reading “Common Hammock-Weaver Spider”
The Silver Y Moth (Autographa gamma) is a medium-sized insect in the Noctuidae family of migratory moths.
The Silver Y Moth has a silver-coloured Y-shaped mark (a gamma mark) on each of its forewings (front wings). Its wings are brown and grey, which provide excellent camouflage. It has medium-length antennae. It has a wide, furry, brown body.
Continue reading “Silver Y Moth”
The Madagascar Orb Weaver Spider (Nephila inaurata madagascariensis) is a large spider in the Araneidae family of orb weaver araneomorphic spiders. It is also known as the Red-Legged Golden Orb Weaver Spider.
The Madagascar Orb Weaver Spider has an elongated black body and red legs. The female has yellow markings on her abdomen. It has chelicerae (jaws) that move from side to side in a scissor-like motion. It has eight small eyes grouped closely together. Its legs are banded and spiny.
Continue reading “Madagascar Orb Weaver Spider”
The Geranium Bronze Butterfly (Cacyreus marshalli) is a small insect in the Lycaenidae family of butterflies.
The Geranium Bronze Butterfly is brown and bronze with a white border on its wings. Its underside is grey-brown with darker bands interlaced with white. The male and female look similar.
Continue reading “Geranium Bronze Butterfly”
The Tana River Gecko (Hemidactylus modestus) is a small lizard and a reptile in the Gekkonidae family of house geckos. It is also known as the Moderate Leaf-Toed Gecko.
The Tana River Gecko is brown with dark-brown mottled markings. Its tail is long and tapered. It has a light underbelly. Its five toes on each foot has leaf-shaped pads that enable it to stick to surfaces. Its nose is elongated. It has bulging eyes with vertical pupils.
Continue reading “Tana River Gecko”
The Gunther’s Mouthbrooder (Chromidotilapia guentheri) is a freshwater fish in the cichlid family.
The Gunther’s Mouthbrooder is tan-brown in colour. The female is more colourful than the male. She has a pink belly and a metallic white stripe on her dorsal (back) fin. It has a wide, down-turned mouth.
Continue reading “Gunther’s Mouthbrooder”
The Desert Monitor Lizard (Varanus griseus) is a large reptile in the Squamata order of monitor lizards.
The Desert Monitor Lizard can be a variety of colours from light-brown to yellowish to grey, with spots and 5-8 dark-brown bands. It also has dark-brown bands on its long, tapered tail. It has a large mouth. Its nostrils are close to its small, brown eyes. Its feet have toes with long, sharp claws.
Continue reading “Desert Monitor Lizard”
The Red-Tailed Monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius) is a primate in the Cercopithecidae family of monkeys. It is also known as the Black-Cheeked White-Nosed Monkey, the Red-Tailed Guenon, or the Schmidt’s Guenon.
The Red-Tailed Monkey has short, dark-grey to black fur, with a long reddish-brown tail. It has white cheeks and a white nose.
Continue reading “Red-Tailed Monkey”
The African Giant Mosquito (Toxorhynchites brevipalpis) is a small insect from the Culicidae family of mosquitoes. It is also known as the Elephant Mosquito or the Mosquito Eater.
The African Giant Mosquito has a black body with white bands on its silvery-black legs. It has bushy antennae and compound eyes. It has a dark-coloured proboscis (long nose) for sucking sap from trees.
Continue reading “African Giant Mosquito”
The Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) is a large bird of prey, a raptor and an accipiter in the Accipitridae family of hawks.
The Western Marsh Harrier has reddish-brown feathers with light coloured streaks. Its head and shoulders are pale yellowish-grey. Its legs and feet are yellow. It has orange-brown eyes with a bright yellow eye-ring. Its beak is grey-black. The female is darker, and almost chocolate brown.
Continue reading “Western Marsh Harrier”
The Rattling Cisticola (Cisticola chiniana) is a small bird in the Cisticolidae family of warblers. It is also known as the Rattling Fantail-Warbler.
The Rattling Cisticola is brown and grey-brown with rufous-brown feathers on its streaked brown wings. It has a buff-coloured underbelly. It has a brown collar around its neck. Its tail is broad. It has pinkish-grey legs.
Continue reading “Rattling Cisticola”
The East African Keeled Land Slug (Limacidae sp.) is an air-breathing terrestrial mollusc in the Gastropoda order and Limacoidea superfamily of keel-backed (ridgeback) slugs. It is a land snail without a shell.
The East African Keeled Land Slug has a long white body with a mantle, a keeled (ridged) back and two pairs of retractable feelers on its head. The upper pair of feelers has eyespots at the tips. The lower pair of feelers contains sense organs. The mantle is a saddle-looking structure behind the head. On one side of the mantle is a respiratory opening, called a pneumostome. The body is also called the tail, which is behind the mantle. It has a ridge down the middle of the back of the tail. Its foot is the flat under-side of the slug. It secretes mucous that it travels on.
Continue reading “East African Keeled Land Slug”
African grey parrots voluntarily and spontaneously help other parrots to achieve a goal, without obvious immediate benefit to themselves. Research co-author Désirée Brucks of the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Germany, announced this result in January 2020.
Parrots and crows are known for having large brains relative to the size of their bodies, and that they are good at problem-solving. However, earlier studies showed that crows don’t help other crows, so researchers wondered whether parrots help other parrots, explained Désirée Brucks and study co-author Auguste von Bayern.
In their new study, Brucks and von Bayern enlisted several African Grey Parrots and Blue-Headed Macaws to help the research team.
Continue reading “RESEARCH: African Grey Parrots help other parrots”
The Balkans Long-Legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus rufinus) is a large bird of prey, and a raptor. It is related to the Common Buzzard and the Steppe Buzzard.
The Balkans Long-Legged Buzzard can be varied in colour from light to dark, although it usually has orange-tinted feathers with dark lines, a red or orange tail, a pale head and white underwings.
Continue reading “Balkans Long-Legged Buzzard”
What is the difference between the Jaguar (Panthera onca) and the Leopard (Panthera pardus)?
The Jaguar and the Leopard are both carnivorous wild cats.
The Jaguar and the Leopard have dark rosette-shaped markings on their cream to yellowish-brown fur.
The Jaguar has larger and fewer rosettes than the Leopard. The rosettes of the Jaguar are mostly without a gold centre.
The Jaguar is stockier and more muscular than the Leopard.
Continue reading “What is the difference between the Jaguar and the Leopard?”
The Gemsbok (Oryx gazelle) is a large ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is an antelope. It is also called the Oryx Gazelle, Gemsbuck, or South African Oryx.
The Gemsbok has light-brownish-grey fur with lighter patches towards it rear. It has a black stripe from its chin to the lower edge of its neck, and to its shoulder and legs. Its tail is long and black. It has a muscular neck and shoulders. Its legs have white ‘socks’ with a black patch on the front of its front legs. Both the male and the female have long, straight horns. The female has longer, thinner horns than the male.
Continue reading “Gemsbok”