What is the difference between the Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle?

What is the difference between the Asian Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos daphanea), the Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca), and the Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis)?

The Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle are all large birds of prey, raptors, and accipiters from the Northern Hemisphere.

The Asian Golden Eagle, the Eastern Imperial Eagle, and the Steppe Eagle all have a dark-grey or black-tipped sharply down-turned beak with a yellow cere (the hard substance at the top of the beak).

The difference between them is mainly due to size, colour, and flight.

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What is the difference between a skate and a ray?

What is the difference between a skate (Raja undulata) and a ray (Dasyatis)?

Both the skate (an undulate ray) and the ray are marine (saltwater) cartilaginous fish related to the shark. Not all rays are stingrays.

Both the skate and the ray have flat, boneless bodies. Instead of bone, they have cartilage (the human nose and ears are made of cartilage).

Both the skate and the ray glide through the water.

The skate has an almost-rounded body, whereas the ray is usually diamond-shaped or kite-shaped.

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What is the difference between an African Lion and an Asiatic Lion?

What is the difference between an African Lion and an Asiatic Lion?

The African Lion (Panthera leo leo) and the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica) are both predatory mammals.

The African Lion is native to sub-Saharan Africa and the Asiatic Lion is native only to the Gir Forest in Gujarat in India.

The African Lion is bigger and heavier than the Asiatic Lion.

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African Grey Hornbill, Red-Billed Hornbill and Von Der Decken’s Hornbill: what’s the difference?

What is the difference between the African hornbills: Grey Hornbill, Red-Billed Hornbill, and Von der Decken’s Hornbill?

The Grey Hornbill (Tockus nasutus), the Red-Billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus), and the Von der Decken’s Hornbill (Tockus deckeni) are all large African birds with a large downward curved beak.

The Grey Hornbill and the Red-Billed Hornbill are grey-brown, with black regions, whereas the Von der Decken’s Hornbill is black and white.

The male Grey Hornbill has a black beak with a cream patch on its maxilla (upper beak), and narrow pale lines on its mandible (bottom beak). The female Grey Hornbill has a large black beak with a dark red beak tip, with half of the maxilla (upper beak) a cream-yellow colour.

The Red-Billed Hornbill has an all-red beak. The male Von der Decken’s Hornbill has a large downward curved two-toned red and ivory-cream beak with a black tip. The female Von der Decken’s Hornbill has a large all-black beak.

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African Elephant and Asian Elephant: what’s the difference?

What is the difference between an African Elephant and an Asian Elephant?

The African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) are both land mammals.

The African Elephant has larger ears than the Asian Elephant.

The African Elephant has ears shaped like the continent of Africa; the Asian Elephant has ears shaped like the country of India.

The African Elephant has no frontal hump on its head; the Asian Elephant has a frontal hump on its head.

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What is the difference between the Black Crowned Crane and the Grey Crowned Crane?

What is the difference between the Black Crowned Crane (Balearica pavonina ceciliae) and the Grey Crowned Crane (Balearica regulorum)?

The Black Crowned Crane has a black neck, and the Grey Crowned Crane has a soft slate-grey neck.

The Black Crowned Crane has pinkish-white cheeks, and the Grey Crowned Crane has white cheeks.

The Black Crowned Crane has a pink throat pouch, and the Grey Crowned Crane has a red throat pouch.

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Lesser Kudu and Greater Kudu: what is the difference?

What is the difference between the Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu?

The Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis)and the Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) are both African antelopes.

The Lesser Kudu and the Greater Kudu are both ungulate mammals (they have hoofed feet).

The Lesser Kudu has no beard or fringe. The Greater Kudu has a beard along its throat or a white fringe.

The Lesser Kudu has more white stripes on its body than the Greater Kudu.

The Lesser Kudo has up to 14 vertical white stripes on its body. The Greater Kudu has 6-10 vertical white stripes on its body.

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Australasian Swamphen and Western Swamphen: what’s the difference?

What is the difference between the Australasian Swamphen and the Western Swamphen?

The Australasian Swamphen (Porphyrio melanotus) and the Western Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) are both small, chicken-sized, wetland birds. Swamphen is pronounced Swamp Hen.

The Australasian Swamphen and the Western Swamphen both have a red frontal shield above their thick red beak.

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What is the difference between the Common Moorhen and the Dusky Moorhen?

What is the difference between the Common Moorhen and the Dusky Moorhen?

The Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) and the Dusky Moorhen (Gallinula tenebrosa) are both medium-sized wetland birds from the Rail family.

The Common Moorhen has yellow legs. The Dusky Moorhen has orange-yellow legs.

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Chilean Flamingo, Greater Flamingo, and Lesser Flamingo: what’s the difference?

What’s the difference between the Chilean Flamingo, Greater Flamingo, and Lessor Flamingo?

The Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis), Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus), and Lessor Flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) are large wetland birds with S-shaped necks.

The Chilean Flamingo is from South America, and the Greater and Lesser Flamingo are from east and southern Africa. The Greater and Lesser Flamingo colonies often mix together.

The Chilean Flamingo has a pink body with darker pink wing feathers. The Greater Flamingo has a white or pale-pink body with black flight feathers. The Lesser Flamingo has a rose-pink to white body with black flight feathers.

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What is the difference between a Eurasian Coot and a Red-Knobbed Coot?

What is the difference between a Eurasian Coot and a Red-Knobbed Coot?

The Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) has a wider distribution, because it is native to Europe, Asia, Australia, and northern Africa.

The Red-Knobbed Coot (Fulica cristata) is native to Africa and southern Spain.

The Eurasian Coot does not have red knobs on its head. The Red-Knobbed Coot has two small red knobs on its head.

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Damselfly and Dragonfly: what’s the difference?

What’s the difference between a Damselfly and a Dragonfly?

Both a damselfly (order Odonata, sub-order Zygoptera) and a dragonfly (order Odonata, sub-order Epiprocta) are insects.

A damselfly keeps its wings folded when it is resting, along or above the abdomen.

A dragonfly holds its wings flat, away from the body, when it is resting.

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African Lungfish and Australian Lungfish: what’s the difference?

The African Lungfish (Protopterus aethiopicus) and the Australian Lungfish (Neoceratodus forsteri) are both ancient eel-like fish, with an elongated body and a paddle tail.

The African Lungfish has a pair of lungs, whereas the Australian Lungfish has one single lung.

The African Lungfish loses the function of its gills and uses only its lungs.

The Australian Lungfish retains the function of its gills and only uses its lungs when there is not enough water to breathe (such as during droughts).

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What’s the difference between an African Spoonbill and a Royal Spoonbill?

The African Spoonbill (Platalea alba) and the Royal Spoonbill (Platalea regia) are both white wetland wading birds with a spoon-shaped beak (bill).

The African Spoonbill has a pink-grey narrow beak, and the end of the beak is narrow which acts like a pair of forceps to grab its prey.

The Royal Spoonbill has a black beak, and the end of the beak is broad which acts like a pair of tongs to grap its prey.

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Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, Great Egret: what’s the difference?

What’s the difference between the Little Egret, Intermediate Egret, and Great Egret?

The Little Egret (Egretta garzetta), the Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia or Mesophoyx intermedia), and the Great Egret (Ardea alba melanorhynchos or Casmerodius albus melanorhynchos) have all white plumage (feathers).

The Little Egret has a black beak. The Intermediate Egret has a shorter, thicker yellow beak that may turn red or black in the breeding season.  The Great Egret has a long, thin, yellow beak that may become darker in the breeding season.

The Little Egret does not have a black line underneath its eye. The breeding adult Intermediate Egret has a black line underneath its eye, but it does not extend past the eye. The Great Egret has a fine black line from its beak to beyond its eye (like eye-liner underneath the eye).

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What are the similarities and differences between an American Fantail Pigeon and an Indian Fantail Pigeon?

The American Fantail (Columba livia) and the Indian Fantail (Columba livia) are both ornamental (or fancy) pigeons.

The American Fantail and the Indian Fantail both have fan-shaped tails with 30-40 feathers, compared to other pigeons that have 12-14 feathered tails.

The American Fantail and the Indian Fantail both have a pink beak and pink legs.

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