Kunekune Pig

The Kunekune Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus or Sus domesticus) is a small, rare breed of domestic pig. It is a mammal.

The Kunekune Pig is hairy and barrel-shaped. Kunekune is from the Maori language, meaning fat and round. It often has two wattles (loose skin) hanging from its chin. It has a medium to short black snout (nose). It can be a range of colours, such as black, brown, black and white, ginger, cream, gold-tipped, tri-coloured, and spotted. Its hair can be long or short, and straight or curly. Its legs are short.

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Long-Tailed Macaque

The Long-Tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is a monkey, a primate, and a mammal. It is also known as the Crab-Eating Macaque or the Cynomolgus Monkey.

The Long-Tailed Macaque is a monkey with short arms, short legs, and a very long tail. It has dark-grey fur with light golden-brown tips. Its underparts are light-grey, and its tail is dark-grey to brown. It has a crown with hairs pushed backwards. Its feet and ears are black. Its ears sometimes have white spots. The skin on its muzzle (nose) is light greyish-pink. Its eyelids have white markings. The male has a moustache and cheek whiskers, whereas the female does not have a moustache.

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Blue Sheep

The Blue Sheep (Pseudois nayaur) is a medium-sized ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is also called the Bharal or the Himalayan Blue Sheep. It is a caprid.

The Blue Sheep has blue-grey fur. Its underparts and the backs of its legs are white. Its chest and the front of its legs are black. Separating the grey back and white belly is a charcoal-coloured stripe. It has small ears. It has a short tail. Both males and females have horns. The male has horns that grow upwards, then turn sideways and curve backwards – like an upside-down moustache. The female has shorter and straighter horns.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Bukharan Markhor

The Bukharan Markhor (Capra falconeri heptneri) is a large species of wild goat. It is also known as the Tadjik Markhor, the Turkmenian Markhor, or the Screw Horn Goat. It is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal.

The Bukharan Markhor looks like a goat with shaggy light-brown to black colour fur. Its coat is smooth and short in summer and thicker and longer in winter. Its lower legs have black and white fur. The male has a beard with longer hair on its chin, throat, chest and legs than the female. The female is redder in colour with shorter hair, and a short black beard, without a mane.

Both the male and the female have curled, corkscrew horns in a V-shape, but the male horns are much larger.

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Southern Tamandua

The Southern Tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla) is a medium-sized anteater, and a mammal. It is also called the Collared Anteater or the Lesser Anteater.

The Southern Tamandua has a long, slim snout (nose), and a very long rounded tongue. Its snout is long and decurved with a small opening for its tongue. It has strong, sharp claws – there are four claws on its front feet and five claws on its back feet. It tucks its claws underneath and walks on its knuckles. The underside and the tip of the its tail are hairless. It has yellowish-blond hair with black markings from its shoulder to its back and rear. The markings widen near the rear.

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Guinea Pig

The Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus) is a rodent and a mammal. It is also known as the Cavy. It is not a pig. It does not come from Guinea. It is now a domesticated species – a widespread, common pet.

The Guinea Pig has a stout, hairy body, with short legs, a large head, and short ears. Its feet have short, sharp claws and hairless soles. There are four toes on its front feet and three toes on its back feet. Some Guinea Pigs have short hair, and some have long hair. Its tail is very short and covered by its hair. Its fur can be black, brown, white, chestnut, cream, or a combination of colours.

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Corsac Fox

The Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac) is a medium-sized mammal. It is also known as the Steppe Fox or the Sand Fox.

The Corsac Fox has yellowish-brown fur with paler underparts. It has pale markings on its mouth, chin, and throat. It has pointed ears with excellent hearing. It also has orange-brown eyes with excellent vision. It has small teeth. Its feet have sharp claws.

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Pygmy Hippopotamus

The Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensisor Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a small hippopotamid. It is a semi-aquatic mammal. Hexaprotodon means six front teeth. It is closely related to the whale and the dolphin.

The Pygmy Hippopotamus has a brownish-grey to pinkish barrel-shaped body with short legs. Its skin is virtually hairless, but it does have some bristles. It has four toes on each foot. It has ivory teeth. It has small ears, small dark eyes, and large nostrils. It has a short tail with a tuft of hair at the end.

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Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin

The Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) is a small endangered primate. It is related to the Marmoset, Capuchin, and Titi Monkey.

The Golden-Headed Lion Tamarin has a lion-like mane of hair around its dark hairless face. It has black fur on most of its body, and golden fur on its head, mane, hands, feet, and tail. It has clawed nails, called tegulae, at the ends of its fingertips, instead of on top of its fingertips. It has small dark eyes.

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Przewalski’s Horse

The Przewalski’s Horse (Equus przewalskiior Equus ferus przewalskii) is also called the Mongolian Wild Horseor Dzungarian Horse. It is a rare and endangered horse. It may never have been domesticated and is considered to be the only true wild horse in the world. Every Przewalski’s Horse living in the world today is descended from 9 of 13 horses captured in 1945 in Mongolia.

The Przewalski’s Horse has a stocky build with short legs. Its coat is tan or light-brown with dark-brown around its mane. It has a yellowish-white belly and nose. Its mane is short and erect. Its legs are faintly striped. Its hooves are longer in the back and have a thick sole.

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What is the jaw strength of the Hyena?

The Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta) is a scavenging carnivorous African mammal. It has one of the strongest bite strengths of any mammal due to its strong jaws.

A dog, for example, such as a Mastiff or Rottweiler, has an average bite strength of 325 pounds per square inch. An African Lion has a bite strength of 650 pounds per square inch. A Bengal Tiger has a bite strength of 1,050 pounds per square inch. The Spotted Hyena has a bite strength of 1,100 pounds per square inch.

A Great White Shark has an average bite strength of 625 pounds per square inch. A Hippopotamus has an average bite strength of 1,825 pounds per square inch. The animal with the strongest bite strength is the crocodile at 3,700 pounds per square inch.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Western Lowland Gorilla

The Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) is a criticaly endangered species of the Western Gorilla. The other species of the Western Gorilla is the Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). It is a primate mammal, and an ape.

The Western Lowland Gorillla has jet black skin with coarse black hair that covers its whole body, except its face, ears, hands, and feet. It has patches of chestnut-brown hair. The black hair of males becomes silver as it ages (and they are called silverbacks). It has a short nose, a large eyebrow ridge, large nostrils, small dark eyes, and small ears. It has no tail.

It has five digits on each hand and foot, which have fingernails and toe nails. Its thumbs are large. It has long arms. It walks with a hunched movement, with the knuckles of its hands touching the ground.

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How do ungulates clean their hooves?

Ungulates are hoofed animals such as horses, donkeys, zebras, camels, giraffes, and deer. Hooves can be single (such as a horse’s hoof) or cloven (split into two parts). Deer, cattle, sheep, and goats have cloven hooves.

A hoof is the tip of a toe of an ungulate. It is made of keratin, a thick, hard covering. The sole of the hoof is partially rubbery, but hardens near the outer edges. There is also a hard wall formed by the solid nail rolled around the tip of the toe.

Humans keep animal’s hooves clean and trimmed. In the wild, animals have natural ways of keeping their hooves healthy.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth

The Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus) is a mammal. It is also known as the Southern Two-Toed Sloth or the Linnaeus’s Two-Toed Sloth. It is related to the Anteater. There are three-toed sloths (three toes on their front feet) and two-toed sloths (two toes on their front feet).

The Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth has light-brown fur, long limbs, and a protruding nose with large nostrils. It has patches of chestnut-coloured fur on its limbs (arms and legs) and crown. It has brown eyes. It has two toes on its front feet and three toes on its back feet. The toes are actually long curved claws. It does not have many teeth – it has four or five sets of teeth, including canine teeth. It does not have incisor teeth. It has a stubby tail.

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Diana Monkey

The Diana Monkey (Cercopithecus diana diana) is a primate mammal from Africa.

The Diana Monkey is black or dark-grey with a white throat and a white crescent-shaped band across its eyebrow. It has a white ruff around its neck and a white beard. Its underarms are also white. There is a white stripe down its upper legs. The back of its upper legs and its lower back is chestnut-coloured.

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Narrow-Striped Mongoose

The Narrow-Striped Mongoose (Mungotictis decemlineata) is a small mammal.

The Narrow-Striped Mongoose has rough light-grey fur with light-brown patches on its underbelly and feet, a dark-grey crown, and very narrow brown stripes on its back. There are small white patches on the sides of its eyes. It has a pointy nose, small ears, and a long furry tail.  Its eyes are small and dark. It has long, strong claws that dig through the soil. Their claws do not retract, so they are always visible.

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