Gaur

The Gaur (Bos gaurus) is a large bovine ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is also known as the Indian Bison.  

The Gaur is a species of wild cattle with short, narrow, pointed, black-tipped horns and a prominent ridge on its back. It has large ears. It has short, glossy, dark-brown fur, which becomes almost black as it ages. Its head is often ashy-grey and its nose is whitish. It does not have a distinct dewlap (loose skin under its chin) like other bovines have. The female is lighter brown with thinner horns. 

Continue reading “Gaur”

Felid and feline

What is a felid? What is a feline?

A felid is an animal that belongs in the Felidae family of cats. 

A feline is a cat or an animal that is cat-like. 

A felid or a feline is a carnivorous mammal known as a cat – such as a domestic cat or a wild cat. 

A wild cat includes a bobcat, caracal, cheetah, cougar, eyra, jaguar, jaguarundi, kodkod, leopard, lion, lynx, margay, ocelot, oncilla, panther, puma, serval, tiger, and tigrillo. 

Continue reading “Felid and feline”

Eastern Bongo

The Eastern Bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci) is a large, critically endangered ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is a bovine antelope. It is also known as the Mountain Bongo.

The Eastern Bongo has reddish-brown fur, black and white markings, 10-15 white vertical stripes, and long, slightly-spiralled horns (they twist only once). Both the male and the female have hollow horns, but the male has longer horns. It has a white stripe between its eyes and two white spots on its cheeks. It has large ears. It has a black nose and white lips. 

Continue reading “Eastern Bongo”

Short-Beaked Echidna

The Short-Beaked Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) is a medium-sized monotreme (egg-laying) mammal. It is also called the Short-Beaked Spiny Anteater. 

The Short-Beaked Echidna is a stocky animal with a heavy coat of black or brown fur and spines (modified hairs). It looks similar to a Hedgehog. It has a straight beak with a long sticky tongue. The beak acts as a nose and a mouth. It does not have teeth. It has short legs with sharp, curved claws. The male Echidna has venomous (poisonous) spurs on its hind (back) feet. 

Continue reading “Short-Beaked Echidna”

Saiga Antelope

The Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica) is a critically endangered ungulate (hoofed) mammal.

The Saiga Antelope has yellow-to reddish fur in summer and grey-brown fur in winter. It has longer hair in winter than in summer. It has a long mane of hair on its neck. It has a big, rounded nose with closely-spaced nostrils. It has long ears. Only the male has horns, which are thick with 12-20 rings. 

Continue reading “Saiga Antelope”

Baleen Whale teeth

Baleen Whales (suborderMysticeti) are large marine (saltwater) mammals in the Cetacea family of whales, porpoises, and dolphins. They are cetaceans. 

There are 12 species of Baleen Whales including the Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus), Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus), and Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus). 

Baleen Whales live in cold oceans, such as the Artic Ocean and the Antarctic Ocean. They grow up to 600-3100 centimetres (20-102 feet) long.

Baleen Whales do not have teeth. 

Baleen Whales have keratin baleen plates instead of teeth. Human hair is made of keratin. 

Continue reading “Baleen Whale teeth”

Nilgai

The Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) is a bovine ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is an antelope. It is also known as a Blue Bull. 

The Nilgai has long thin legs and a sloping back. The male is bluish-grey and the female and juvenile are orange-brown. It has a white patch on its throat, and a short crest of hair along its neck. It has white facial spots. It has a tufted tail. Only the male has horns. 

It grows to 100-150 centimetres (39-59 inches) at shoulder height. Its tail is about 54 centimetres (21 inches) long. The male’s horns are 15-24 centimetres (6-9 inches) long. 

Continue reading “Nilgai”

Reeve’s Muntjac

The Reeves’s Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) is a small ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is a deer. It is also known as the Chinese Muntjac.

The Reeve’s Muntjac has reddish-brown fur with striped markings on its face. Its belly, neck, chin, and the underside of its tail are creamy-white. It has a long tongue. The male has short antlers. The female has bony lumps on her head instead of antlers.  

Continue reading “Reeve’s Muntjac”

Chinese Goral

The Chinese Goral (Naemorhedus griseus) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is also known as the Grey Long-Tailed Goral. 

The Chinese Goral is a stocky animal that looks like a goat or an antelope. It has long legs with broad hooves and short horns. Its ears are long and pointed. It has short pale-grey to dark-brown or reddish-brown fur. It has a dark stripe along its back, with a pale throat and underparts. 

Continue reading “Chinese Goral”

Indian Crested Porcupine

The Indian Crested Porcupine (Hystrix indica) is a large rodent mammal in the Hystrididae family. 

The Indian Crested Porcupine is a stocky animal. It is black and covered with multiple layers of hair, called quills. The quills, made of keratin, are brown or black with black and white bands. Each quill has a muscle at its base, which enables it to rise and fall. The quills are not firmly attached, so they can easily come out. When these quills are vibrated, they produce a hiss-like rattle.

The Indian Crested Porcupine has broad feet with long claws that enable it to burrow into the ground. It has four toes on it front feet and five toes on its back feet. Its eyes and ears are small, and its nostrils are large. It has sharp teeth. 

Continue reading “Indian Crested Porcupine”

Dusky Pademelon

The Dusky Pademelon (Thylogale brunii) is a small macropod marsupial mammal. It belongs in the Macropodidae family of big-footed mammals. It is also known as the Dusky Wallaby or the Aru Island Wallaby. 

The Dusky Pademelon looks like a mini-kangaroo. It is a stocky marsupial with brown fur with light patches and a white underbelly. It has large ears, a black nose and large brown eyes. It has a short, flat tail. It has two big hind (back) feet with two smaller front feet that act like hands. Its paws are dark-brown to black, with sharp claws. 

It grows to about 50 centimetres (20 inches) tall, with a tail measuring about 50 centimetres (20 inches). 

Continue reading “Dusky Pademelon”

Transcaspian Urial

The Transcaspian Urial (Ovis orientalis arkal)is a wild sheep, and an ungulate (hoofed) mammal. It is also known as an Arkal. It is related to the Armenian Mouflon (Ovis orientalis gmelini).

The Transcaspian Urial has reddish-brown long fur that fades in winter. The male has large horns that curve outwards. The female has shorter horns. The male also has a black ruff from its neck to its chest.

Continue reading “Transcaspian Urial”