What are mammary glands?
Mammals have mammary glands.
Mammary glands on a female mammal provide milk for her babies. This is called lactation.
Male mammals have undeveloped mammary glands that do not produce milk.
Babies suckle the mammary glands. This is called nursing.
The number of mammary glands depends on the species of mammal.
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What is plantigrade locomotion?
Plantigrade locomotion is the way some animals walk with their toes and metatarsals (heels) flat on the ground.
Terrestrial (land) mammals have three ways of walking:
(1) digitigrade (walking on their toes with their heels permanently raised),
(2) unguligrade (walking on the nail of their toes – the hoof – with the heel permanently raised), and
(3) plantigrade (walking with their toes and heels on the ground).
The leg of a plantigrade mammal includes the bones of the upper leg, called the femur and humerus, and the bones of the lower leg, called the metatarsals and metacarpals.
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The Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat (Phloeomys pallidus) is a large rodent in the Muridae family. It is a murid mammal.
The Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat has long fur that also covers its thin tail. It can be a variety of colours, from very pale grey-brown or white to dark-brown or black patches. It often has a black mask around its eyes and a black collar around its neck.
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The American Wood Bison (Bison bison athabascae) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal in the bovine (cattle) family. It is a bisonid. It is an artiodactyl, because it is cloven (split) hooved. It is also known as the American Buffalo, and is closely related to the European Bison, which is also called the European Wisent.
The American Wood Bison has a shaggy dark-brown coat of fur with a massive head. It is broad and muscular. Both the male and female have short, curved horns.
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A horse is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal.
The horse is an odd-toed ungulate, with a hoof that has one toe.
The hoof is not stiff and rigid. The hoof is elastic and flexible.
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The Golden Lion Tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) is an endangered mammal in the Callitrichidae family of small monkeys. It is also known as the Golden Marmoset.
The Golden Lion Tamarin has bright reddish-orange fur with a mane around its face and ears. Its face is dark and hairless. It has elongated hands and fingers, with claw-like nails which enable it to cling to tree trunks.
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The Western House Mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) is a small muroid rodent mammal.
The Western House Mouse has a rounded body with short grey-brown to light-brown fur, a pointed nose, large rounded pinkish ears, and a long tail. Its underbelly is light beige. Its nose is pinkish with whiskers. It has pinkish feet.
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The Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis) is an endangered ungulate (hoofed) bovid species of wild cattle in the water buffalo family. It is also known as the Midget Buffalo. Another species of the Midget Buffalo is the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi). It is related to the Asian Water Buffalo.
The Lowland Anoa is similar in appearance to a miniature Asian Water Buffalo. It has a strong body with brown-black fur. The male is darker in colour than the female. It has short upright horns. The female has shorter horns than the male.
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A goat has four legs. It has knee pads on its two front legs.
A goat kneels on its two front legs to eat grass. Therefore, the knee pads protect the goat’s knees.
The knee pads are hard, hairless, rough calloused patches of skin.
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The Red-Faced Black Spider Monkey (Ateles paniscus paniscus) is a mammal. It is also known as the Guiana Spider Monkeyor Red-Faced Spider Monkey.
The Red-Faced Black Spider Monkey has long, black hair and a red-pinkish bare face. It has a long, prehensile tail that can grasp tree branches. It has long limbs and long fingers.
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The African Pouched Rat (Cricetomys gambianus) is a muroid rodent. It is also known as the Gambian Pouched Rat. It is not a true rat. It has pouched cheeks like a Hamster.
The African Pouched Rat has a long grey-reddish furred body, light-coloured tail, pink ears, and a pink-grey nose. It has long incisor teeth.
It has an excellent sense of smell. African Pouched Rats can detect land mines and tuberculosis.
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The Brush-Tailed Bettong (Bettongia penicillata) is a small, rare marsupial mammal. It is also known as the Woylie.
The Brush-Tailed Bettong has grey-brown fur with a pale-cream underbelly. It has some silvery fur. Its tail is rufous-brown (red-brown) with a blackish tip.
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What does the Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus) eat?
The Brown Rat, common on all continents except Antarctica, is an omnivore, eating almost anything.
It is opportunistic, but it is often seen eating grain and bird seeds.
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What does snuffle mean?
To snuffle means to breathe in quickly and deeply through the nose while smelling something.
Dogs snuffle. Pigs snuffle.
The photographed Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons) snuffles in the dirt, lifting the dirt with its nose, while smelling to find food.
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The Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a mammal in the bear family. It is also known as a Panda Bear.
The Giant Panda has smooth, thick, black and white fur. It has black patches around its eyes, over it ears, and across its body. It has five fingers and an enlarged bone called the pseudo thumb, which enables it to grip bamboo shoots. Its face is round with round black ears.
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The ears of a horse can move and swivel in different directions separately.
This enables the horse to listen carefully to sounds in the front of it and behind it.
The ears of the horse are flexible and mobile.
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The Rock Squirrel (Otospermophilus variegatus) is a small arboreal (tree) rodent mammal.
The Rock Squirrel has speckled grey-black fur. It has a long, bushy tail, short feet with short claws, a small nose with whiskers, and small rounded ears. Its eyes have light-coloured eye-rings.
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The Tapir (Tapirus) is an ungulate mammal native to Malaysia, South America and Central America. What do the teeth of a Tapir look like?
The Tapir has brachyodont teeth, which means that it has low-crowned teeth.
The Tapir also has lophodont teeth, which means that its cheek teeth have lophs (ridges).
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What do the feet of a Kangaroo look like?
The Kangaroo, Wallaby, and Pademelon are macropod marsupial mammals, which means big-footed pouched animals.
The Kangaroo has two large, flat hind (back) legs and two small fore (front) legs that look like hands.
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The Large Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus) is a mammal related to the Anteater and the Sloth.
The Large Hairy Armadillo has a series of thin, grey bony plates along its head and back. This leathery shell is called a carapace. Its pinkish-white underbelly is covered in long, coarse hair. It has long, powerful claws on its front legs for digging. It has a long snout (nose), small beige ears, and small eyes.
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