The Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) is also known as the Indian Antelope.
The Blackbuck is a medium-sized antelope, similar to the gazelle. It has two-tone fur, with its upperparts dark-brown to black, and its underparts are white. It has white fur on its chin and around its eyes. It has black stripes on its face. Male Blackbucks have long V-shaped horns (females may also develop horns).
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The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal, common to Eurasia. Fallow means pale brown.
The Fallow Deer is a medium-sized deer. It can have fur that varies in colour from creamy-white to light brown to dark-brown, and chestnut, with or without white spots. Only males have antlers.
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What is the difference between an antler and a horn?
Antlers grow on males in the deer family.
Horns grow on males, and often females, on bovids, and some other ungulate (hoofed) mammals. Bovids are cattle, sheep, and goats.
Antlers are branched and are an extension of the animal’s skull.
Horns are not branched.
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The Wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is also called a Canadian Elk. It is one of the largest species in the deer family in the world. The term Wapiti is from the Shawnee and Cree word meaning ‘white rump.’
The Wapiti is an ungulate because it has hooves, similar to camel, goat, or cattle. Only the male has antlers, which are made of bone, and are covered with a soft layer of skin, called velvet. Velvet is shed in summer. The Wapiti can have various colours of brown, grey, or reddish fur, which grows thicker in winter to keep it warm. It has a small white rump patch, with a short tail.
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The Bearded Emperor Tamarin (Saguinus imperator subgrisescens) is a small South American primate.
The Bearded Emperor Tamarin has grey fur with a long, white moustache and white beard. Its hands and feet are black, and its tail is brown. It has claws, which help it to climb trees. It is adept at leaping from tree to tree without touching the ground.
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The Siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus) is an arboreal gibbon, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.
The Siamang has long, black, shaggy fur. Its face is hairless, except for a thin moustache. It has very long arms. Syndactylus means ‘united finger’ because the first two digits on each foot are partially joined by a piece of skin. It has a large gular sac, which is a throat pouch. The throat pouch inflates to a large balloon-shape, enabling it to make loud vocal sounds.
It can grow to 90 centimetres (36 inches) tall, which is twice the size of other gibbons, making it the largest of all gibbons.
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The Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canid of South America. It is not a wolf. It is not a fox. It is not a dog, or a jackal. It is a unique mammal, often called a golden dog. The Maned Wolf has a distinctive smell, and is often called a skunk wolf.
The Maned Wolf is reddish-orange brown with long, thin, black legs, and a black mane. Its fur, called a coat, is long, with a white tuft at the tip of its tail, and a white patch under its chin.
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The Patagonian Cavy (Dolichotis patagonum) is also called the Patagonian Mara or Patagonian Hare. It is a large rabbit-like rodent found in Patagonia in Argentina.
The Patagonian Cavy looks like a jackrabbit. It has grey-brown fur with a white patch on its rump. It has orange-brown sides and chin. It has long ears, and its hind legs (back legs) are longer than its forelegs (front legs). Its hind feet have 3 digits, and its forefeet have 4 digits. It has a short tail.
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Lions are the only cats that have a tufted tail.
A tuft is a clump of hair at the end of the tail.
Both male and female lions have a tuft on the end of their tail.
In most lions, the tuft hides a hard spur (bony growth), separate from the last vertebra of the tail.
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The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is an arboreal (tree-living) marsupial, found in eastern and southern coastal Australia. It is related to the wombat. It is not a bear.
The Koala has soft, short silver-grey to brown fur. It is a rounded, short animal with a large head with round, fluffy ears. Its underbelly is white. It has no tail. Its nose is black and distinct, and covered with leathery skin. It has curved, sharp claws for climbing trees. The first and second digits on its fore-paws are opposable, enabling it to grasp tree branches. The second and third digits on the hind-paws are fused together. Males have chest glands, which are visible.
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How do giraffes sit down?
Giraffes sit down by folding their legs underneath their bodies. Usually they fold their front legs, but they can sit with their back legs folded too.
Giraffes do not sit down for long periods because it is difficult to get up again, which puts them in danger of predators.
Giraffes usually sleep lying down. However, they can sleep standing up.
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What is the difference between the Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) and the Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus)?
The Dromedary Camel has one hump on its back, whereas the Bactrian Camel has two humps. Continue reading “What’s the difference between camels: Dromedary Camel and Bactrian Camel?”
The Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large, two-hump ungulate (hoofed) mammal, native to Central Asia.
The Bactrian Camel has a dark-brown to sandy-coloured body, a long, curved neck, two humps on its back, and long legs. The humps have long, woolly hair. It has a mane and a beard of long hair. It has small, rounded ears, and large eyes. It has bushy eyebrows and double-layered eyelashes to prevent sand getting in its eyes. It has two toes on each padded hoof.
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The Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) is a large, one-hump ungulate (hoofed) mammal, native to northern Africa and the Middle East, with a large population of introduced camels in Australia.
The Dromedary Camel has sandy-brown body, a long, curved neck, a single hump, and long legs. It has small, rounded ears, and large eyes. It has bushy eyebrows and double-layered eyelashes to prevent sand getting in its eyes. It has two toes on each padded hoof. Its flat hooves are adapted to supporting their weight on desert sands.
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The Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) is native to Sumatra, an island of Indonesia.
The Sumatran Tiger has rich, shiny orange-brown fur with broad, dark, irregular, vertical stripes. It has a white ruff around its neck and long, white whiskers. Its paws are broad and sharply clawed.
It is unlike most other tigers, because it likes to swim. It has webbing between its toes to enable it to swim. On land, it can run quite fast, and pounce.
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The Kirk’s Dik-Dik (Madoqua kirkii) is a small east African antelope.
The Kirk’s Dik-Dik is fawn coloured with dainty features, such as thin legs, large ears, and large eyes with white eye-rings. It has a long nose. Only male Dik-Diks have horns. The horns are about 8 centimetres (3 inches) long and backward slanted.
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An antelope is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal found only in Africa and Asia. They look different and range in sizes.
Continue reading “The Size of Antelopes: Eland, Wildebeest, Oryx, Impala, and Gazelle”
The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is also called the Southern Eland. It is a large antelope from eastern or southern Africa – the second largest antelope in the world (second to the Giant Eland).
The Common Eland has tan fur, with or without narrow white vertical stripes on its large body. It has small, round, narrow ears and a long, thin tail with a black tuft of hair at the end. It has a black stripe behind its front knees. The male has a dark mark on its face, a large dewlap on its throat (loose skin), and long, almost straight horns with one or two twists. The female has longer, thinner horns than the male.
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The East African Common Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibious kiboko) is a large African even-toed ungulate (hoofed) mammal found in Kenya and Somalia. Hippopotamus means river horse, and amphibious means adapted to land and water. The hippo from East Africa has broader noses and more hollowed eye sockets than other hippos.
The East African Common Hippo has a grey-brown hairless skin, with pink patches in creases. It has a barrel-shaped body with a short tail. Its head is large, with a wide mouth and canine ivory tusks. It has short legs with four webbed toes, but it can run for short distances at 30 kilometres per hour (19 miles per hour). It cannot jump.
It can grow to 1.65 metres (66 inches) tall and 3.7 metres (148 inches) long. It is the third largest land mammal (the elephant is the largest, and the rhinoceros is the second largest).
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The Thomson’s Gazelle (Gazella thomsonii) is cinnamon-coloured and the Grant’s Gazelle (Gazella granti) is sand-coloured.
The Thomson’s Gazelle lacks white on its body above the tail. The Grant’s Gazelle has white above the tail.
The Thomson’s Gazelle has a black tail. The Grant’s Gazelle has a white tail with a black tuft.
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