What is olfaction?

What is olfaction?

Olfaction is the sense of smell.

Olfaction is a chemoreception that forms the sense of smell.

In most animals, olfaction occurs in the nose through holes called nostrils.

Some animals, such as snakes, have a vomeronasal organ located between the nose and mouth that is used to smell prey. Snakes stick out their tongue and then touch it to the vomeronasal organ.

Infra, Sub and Super

What does infra, sub and super mean in taxonomy?

Infra means below.

Sub means under.

Super means above.

For example, an Infraclass is the classification below Class. A Subphylum is the classification under Phylum. A Superfamily is the classification above Family.

Pied and Piebald

What does pied mean? What does piebald mean?

Pied means that an animal has two or more different colours, such as a Pied Kingfisher, or a pied horse.

Piebald means that an animal has irregular patches of two colours (usually black and white), such as a piebald horse.



What is mouthbrooding?

Mouthbrooding is when female fish look after their young by putting them in their mouth. The baby fish, called fry, can move in and out of their mother’s mouth without being eaten.