What is olfaction?
Olfaction is the sense of smell.
Olfaction is a chemoreception that forms the sense of smell.
In most animals, olfaction occurs in the nose through holes called nostrils.
Some animals, such as snakes, have a vomeronasal organ located between the nose and mouth that is used to smell prey. Snakes stick out their tongue and then touch it to the vomeronasal organ.
Some measurement (length) abbreviations
cm = centimetre or centimetres
cms = centimetres
ft = foot or feet
in = inch or inches
km = kilometre or kilometres
kms = kilometres
m = metre or metres
mi = mile or miles
mm = millimetre or millimetres
yd = yard or yards
What is a proboscis?
A proboscis is a long, tubular, flexible nose of an animal that is used for smelling, sucking, or grasping.
The proboscis of an elephant is its trunk.
What is the difference between an antler and a horn?
Antlers grow on males in the deer family.
Horns grow on males, and often females, on bovids, and some other ungulate (hoofed) mammals. Bovids are cattle, sheep, and goats.
Antlers are branched and are an extension of the animal’s skull.
Horns are not branched.
What is a eucalypt forest?
A eucalypt forest is a wooded area of eucaluptus trees of Australia.
A gum tree is a common name for a smooth-barked eucalypt tree.
What does infra, sub and super mean in taxonomy?
Infra means below.
Sub means under.
Super means above.
For example, an Infraclass is the classification below Class. A Subphylum is the classification under Phylum. A Superfamily is the classification above Family.
What is a barbel?
A barbel is a whisker-like structure at the edges of the mouth of a fish.
Fish that have barbels include catfish and carp.
What is the nuchal?
The nuchal is the area on an animal’s body at the back of the neck or nape. Therefore, nuchal means nape area.
What are lachrymal glands?
Lachrymal (or lachrimal) glands are the glands that produce tears.
What are scrublands?
Scrublands are areas of land that are mainly flat desert plains dotted with low bushes, shrubs, grasses, or low forest growth (2-8 metres high).
Low scrublands or low shrublands have vegetation lower than 2 metres high.
What are some other words for nose?
A nose in the Animal Kingdom can be called a snout, a muzzle, a proboscis, a trunk, a beak, a bill, or a horn. These are some examples of other words for nose.
What is keratin?
Keratin is a strong, fibre-based protein material.
Keratin is found on amphibians, birds, mammals, and reptiles.
Keratin is the material in animal beaks, bills, claws, feathers, fingernails, hair, hooves, horns, scales, shells, talons, toenails, and wool. It is also in the outer layer of human skin.
What does pied mean? What does piebald mean?
Pied means that an animal has two or more different colours, such as a Pied Kingfisher, or a pied horse.
Piebald means that an animal has irregular patches of two colours (usually black and white), such as a piebald horse.
What are people called who study fleas and ticks?
A zoologist who studies fleas is called an entomologist.
A zoologist who studies ticks is called an arachnologist.
What is a supercilium?
A supercilium is an eyebrow.
Supercilia are eyebrows.
What is marine snow?
Marine snow is the microscopic organisms in the ocean that baby fish feed on.
What is the difference between a nose and a nostril?
A nose is a part of the body used for breathing and smelling.
A nostril is the opening or openings (the hole or holes) of the nose.
What is mouthbrooding?
Mouthbrooding is when female fish look after their young by putting them in their mouth. The baby fish, called fry, can move in and out of their mother’s mouth without being eaten.
What is pelagic?
An animal, such as a fish or marine animal, that lives in the open seas, is pelagic.
What are mangroves?
Mangroves are tropical, coastal, evergreen trees and shrubs that grow in salt water.