CREATURE FEATURE: Giant Pacific Octopus

The Giant Pacific Octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini) is a large, marine invertebrate (soft-bodied) mollusc in the Octopoda order. Octopoda means eight limbs. It is a cephalopod, related to the squid, cuttlefish, and nautilus. 

The Octopus has a greyish, soft hollow body called a mantle. Its body can change shape and squeeze into small gaps. The mantle has gills (to breath), a brain, and a parrot-beaked mouth. Surrounding the mouth is eight limbs with suckers. It has two large eyes with excellent sight.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Blyth’s Loach

The Blyth’s Loach (Syncrossus berdmorei) is a tropical freshwater fish. It is in the Botiidae (botiid) family of pointface loaches, such as the Tiger Botia. 

The Blyth’s Loach has an elongated body with red fins that have dark spots. It has regular dark greyish vertical stripes and black spots near its head. Its face has thin horizontal greyish stripes. It has short whiskers, called barbels, on its snout (nose). It has a downward-facing mouth. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Large Hairy Armadillo

The Large Hairy Armadillo (Chaetophractus villosus) is a mammal related to the Anteater and the Sloth. 

The Large Hairy Armadillo has a series of thin, grey bony plates along its head and back. This leathery shell is called a carapace. Its pinkish-white underbelly is covered in long, coarse hair. It has long, powerful claws on its front legs for digging. It has a long snout (nose), small beige ears, and small eyes. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Phantasmal Poison Frog

The Phantasmal Poison Frog (Epipedobates tricolor) is an endangered amphibian. It is a Poison Dart Frog. 

The Phantasmal Poison Frog has smooth, dark-red to red-brown skin with three yellow-white side stripes from its head to its tail. It has white spots on its hind (back) legs. It has large dark eyes. It has webbed feet with one digit (toe) longer than the others. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Red-Billed Blue Magpie

The Red-Billed Blue Magpie (Urocissa erythrorhyncha) is a bird in the corvid family of crows and magpies. 

The Red-Billed Blue Magpie has a black head, black neck, and black chest with bluish spots on its crown. Its shoulders and rump are duller blue and its underparts are greyish-cream. Its long tail is brighter blue with a broad white tip. Its undertail has white bands. Its beak is bright orange-red. Its legs, feet, and eye-rings are also orange-red. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Argentine Horned Frog

The Argentine Horned Frog (Ceratophys ornata) is a non-venomous amphibian. It is also known as the Pacman Frog, the South American Horned Frog, or the Argentine Wide-Mouthed Frog. 

The Argentine Horned Frog has a thick, round, bright green body with dark or red markings that look like an artist’s palette of paint. It camouflages itself well in its environment. It has a wide mouth, which is why it is named after the video character Pac-Man. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Shield-Tailed Scorpion

The Shield-Tailed Scorpion (Apistobuthus pterygocercus) is a venomous arachnid. An arachnid, like the spider, has eight legs. It is not an insect, because an insect has six legs.

The Shield-Tailed Scorpion has grasping front claws, called pedipalps, and a narrow, segmented tail that curves over its back. At the end of the tail is a venomous stinger. It is usually a sandy-yellow colour. It does not have an inner skeleton (bones). Instead, like the spider, it has an exo-skeleton – an outer skeleton or shield that protects its body. The exo-skeleton is called the ecdysis. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Caracal

The Caracal (Caracal caracal) is a medium-sized carnivorous felid mammal in the Felides family of wild cats. 

The Caracal has reddish, tan-coloured or sandy-coloured fur. Its sides are lighter with small, reddish markings, and its underbelly is white. It has a strong build, and long legs with large broad paws. It has a short face with black markings on its whiskper pads and around its green, grey, or golden-brown eyes. It has long canine teeth. It has large black ears with ear tufts. It has a short tail. The female is lighter in colour than the male, and shorter. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Southern Crowned Pigeon

The Southern Crowned Pigeon (Goura scheepmakeri) is a bird. It is also known as the Scheepmaker’s Crowned Pigeon because it was named after C. Scheepmaker.

The Southern Crowned Pigeon has bluish-grey feathers with elaborate blue lacy crests. It has a maroon-purplish chest. It has large red eyes. Males and females have a similar appearance. 

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CREATURE FEATURE: Amur Tiger

The Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris or Panthera tigris altaica) is also known as the Siberian Tiger, the Manchurian Tiger, or the Korean Tiger. It is a large wild cat, and a mammal.

The Amur Tiger is reddish-rusty brown with narrow black transverse stripes. It has short legs and a long tail. It has moderately thick, coarse fur. The winter coat is thicker, longer, softer, and silkier. It has whiskers and hair on the back of its head and the top of its neck is elongated.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Amur Leopard

The Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis, formerly Panthera pardus japonensis) is a critically endangered subspecies of the of the Leopard (Panthera pardus). It is also known as the North Chinese Leopard.

The Amur Leopard has thick pale-cream fur with dark markings on its head and widely-spaced rosettes on its sides. In winter, the colour of its fur changes to light-yellow to orange-brown.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Pekin Robin

The Pekin Robin (Leiothrix lutea) is a small bird. It is also known as the Red-Billed Leiothrix.

The Pekin Robin is olive-green on its back, with a bright orange-yellow throat and a yellow chin. It has a bright red beak and a yellow eye-ring. Its cheeks and neck are bluish-grey. The edges of its wing feathers are yellow, orange, red and black. Its tail is olive-brown and forked. The female is duller in colour than the male.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Blue Tree Monitor Lizard

The Blue Tree Monitor (Varanus macraei) is an arboreal lizard and a reptile. It is also known as the Blue-Spotted Tree Monitor.

The Blue Tree Monitor is black with scattered blue scales. The tip of its nose is light-blue and its lower jaw is white with green scales along its neck, forming a V-shaped pattern. Its legs are spotted with turquoise eye-spots, called ocelli. Its throat is light with dark spots.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Bukharan Markhor

The Bukharan Markhor (Capra falconeri heptneri) is a large species of wild goat. It is also known as the Tadjik Markhor, the Turkmenian Markhor, or the Screw Horn Goat. It is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal.

The Bukharan Markhor looks like a goat with shaggy light-brown to black colour fur. Its coat is smooth and short in summer and thicker and longer in winter. Its lower legs have black and white fur. The male has a beard with longer hair on its chin, throat, chest and legs than the female. The female is redder in colour with shorter hair, and a short black beard, without a mane.

Both the male and the female have curled, corkscrew horns in a V-shape, but the male horns are much larger.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Western Lowland Gorilla

The Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) is a criticaly endangered species of the Western Gorilla. The other species of the Western Gorilla is the Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). It is a primate mammal, and an ape.

The Western Lowland Gorillla has jet black skin with coarse black hair that covers its whole body, except its face, ears, hands, and feet. It has patches of chestnut-brown hair. The black hair of males becomes silver as it ages (and they are called silverbacks). It has a short nose, a large eyebrow ridge, large nostrils, small dark eyes, and small ears. It has no tail.

It has five digits on each hand and foot, which have fingernails and toe nails. Its thumbs are large. It has long arms. It walks with a hunched movement, with the knuckles of its hands touching the ground.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth

The Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus didactylus) is a mammal. It is also known as the Southern Two-Toed Sloth or the Linnaeus’s Two-Toed Sloth. It is related to the Anteater. There are three-toed sloths (three toes on their front feet) and two-toed sloths (two toes on their front feet).

The Linne’s Two-Toed Sloth has light-brown fur, long limbs, and a protruding nose with large nostrils. It has patches of chestnut-coloured fur on its limbs (arms and legs) and crown. It has brown eyes. It has two toes on its front feet and three toes on its back feet. The toes are actually long curved claws. It does not have many teeth – it has four or five sets of teeth, including canine teeth. It does not have incisor teeth. It has a stubby tail.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Rhino Catfish

The Rhino Catfish (Pterygoplichthys scrophus) is a sail-finned amoured fish. It is also called the Janitor Fish.

The Rhino Catfish is black to dark-brown with a large sailfin dorsal fin (back fin), a ridged, armoured body, and two horn-like protrusions from its head that looks like the horn of a rhinoceros. The protrusions are actualy nostril flaps so that water doesn’t get up its nose. It has a long sac-like lung to breathe air. Its body is completely covered in small plates that look like armour. It has a suckermouth to suck up algae and filter food from the ocean seabed. It has light-coloured eyes.

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CREATURE FEATURE: Blue Poison Dart Frog

The Blue Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates tinctorius azureus) is a medium-sized poisonous amphibian.

The Blue Poison Dart Frog has bright blue skin, with a darker blue belly and darker blue limbs. It has black spots. It has a hunched back. Each foot has four toes, with suction cups to grip surfaces. Males have heart-shaped tips on each toe, whereas females have rounded tips.

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