The Jardine’s Parrot (Poicephalus gulielmi massaicus) is also called the Red-Fronted Parrot. It is a medium-sized African parrot from southern Kenya and northern Tanzania.
The Jardine’s Parrot is mainly green, and its wings have lighter green edges. It has a red chest and an orange-red crown, with black feathers on it head, neck, and back. It has a short, black, square tail. Its lower beak is dark grey and its upper beak has a horn-colour with a dark grey tip. Its eyes are red-orange with a pink-grey eye-ring. Its legs are grey-brown.
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The Long-Crested Eagle (Lophaetus occipitalis) is an African raptor, a bird of prey. It is an accipiter.
The Long-Crested Eagle is black-brown over most of its body, with patches of white on its wings. It has a long, shaggy crest. It has black and grey bars on its tail. Its eyes are big and bright yellow. It has a a black beak with a yellow cere, and yellow legs.
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The African Harrier-Hawk (Polyboroides typus) is a medium-sized raptor, or a bird of prey
The African Harrier-Hawk has pale grey upperparts, head and chest. Its belly is white with fine dark barring. Its wings are pale grey with a black edge with a narrow white line. Its tail is black with a single broad white band. Young African Harrier-Hawks are brown instead of grey, with dark brown replacing the black parts.
It has double-jointed knees, which enable it to reach into holes and cracks in trees, to search for prey. It can climb trees.
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The African Sacred Ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus aethiopicus) is a common African water bird.
The African Sacred Ibis is mainly white. It has a wrinkled black featherless head and neck, that has a large decurved beak (curving downward). Its tail feathers are iridescent blue-black. Its eyes are brown with a dark red eye-ring when it is breeding, which is also called an orbital ring. Its legs and feet are black.
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The Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta umbretta) is an African water bird. Hamerkop means hammer head, because its head looks like a hammer.
The Hamerkop is brown all over with a short neck and crest on its head that looks like a hammer. It has a black beak and long black legs.
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The Malachite Kingfisher (Corythornis cristatus cristatus) is a Sub-Saharan African bird. Malachite is a dark green mineral.
The Malachite Kingfisher has bright metallic blue upperparts with black bands, and a pale blue or green-blue forehead. Its head has a crest of black and blue feathers. Its face, cheeks, and underparts are rufous (red-brown), with white patches on its throat and neck. It has short, rounded wings.
It has a black beak when young, that turns red-orange in adulthood. Its legs are bright red.
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How does a parent bird feed its young chicks?
Newly-hatched altricial chicks are born featherless, blind, and helpless.
Chicks open their eyes after about four days. They take time to gain all of their feathers. Initially, the down feathers make young chicks look fluffy. They sit close to their parents to keep warm and safe.
During this time, young chicks stay in the nest. Adult birds look after and feed their young – sometimes, just the mother, sometimes just the father, and other times both the mother and father look after their chicks.
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The Silver Gull (Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae novaehollandiae) is also called the Australian Seagull because it is found in southern Australia. It is extremely common along the coastline.
The Silver Gull is white with light grey wings that are spotted with black tips. It has red legs and red beaks, which gets brighter with age.
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The Pacific Gull (Larus pacificus) is a very large seabird from Australia, larger than the Silver Gull. It is the largest gull in Australia.
The Pacific Gull is mostly white, with black wings, tail, and back. It has a very thick, powerful, yellow beak with a red tip. Its legs are yellow to orange-yellow.
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The Goliath Heron (Ardea goliath) is also known as the Giant Hero because it is the world’s largest heron. It is a very large wading bird found in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a few colonies in Asia.
The Goliath Heron is medium-grey with chestnut coloured feathers. Its head and crest, face, and the back and side of the neck are chestnut brown. Its chin, throat, and chest are white with black streaks across the neck and upper chest. Its beak, legs, and feet are black and its eyes are yellow.
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What is a ratite?
A ratite is a flightless bird – a bird that cannot fly – such as an emu, ostrich, kiwi, or cassowary.
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What is the difference between the Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) and the Black-Headed Heron (Ardea melanocephala).
The Grey Heron and the Black-Headed Heron are both large wading birds from the wetlands of Africa.
The Grey Heron has light grey feathers, whereas the Black-Headed Heron has darker grey feathers.
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The Black-Headed Heron (Ardea melanocephala) is a long-legged wading bird most common in East Africa.
The Black-Headed Heron has a grey body and grey wings, with a split-level black and white face (black on the top and white underneath) with black at the back of the neck and white at the front of the neck. It has a dark grey beak and grey legs.
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The Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) is a long-legged wading bird found in the wetlands of Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.
The Grey Heron has a grey body and grey wings, with a white head and white neck. It has a wide black stripe from the eye to the black crest. It has some black feathers on its side. It has a long pink-yellow beak and brown legs.
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The Red-Billed Firefinch (Lagonosticta senegala) is a small passerine bird found in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Red-Billed Firefinch has red feathers and brown wings, with a pink-red beak and yellow eye-ring. The female is brown with a small red patch in front of both eyes.
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The African Jacana (Actophilornis africanus) is a wading bird found in the wetlands of Sub-Saharan Africa, but other species are found in tropical areas worldwide. It is often called the Lily Trotters.
The African Jacana has chestnut coloured upperparts, white face, black wingtips, black rear neck and black eye-stripe, with a blue beak and blue frontal shield. It has long grey legs with long toes and long claws that enable it to walk on floating vegetation in shallow lakes.
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The Northern Olive Thrush (Turdus olivaceus abyssinicus) is extremely common in the forests, parks, and gardens of East Africa.
The Northern Olive Thrush has dull olive brown feathers with a white belly and orange underparts. Its throat is speckled with white spots. Its eye has a distinctive yellow eye-ring. It has a yellow beak and yellow legs.
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The Red-Billed Quelea (Quelea quelea aethiopica) is a weaver bird from East Africa and southern Africa.
It has a red beak. The male has a black face mask, spotted back and clear chest of yellow-orange, with orange legs. Its wings have some yellow edges. There is a patch of red on the crown. Females are plain grey-brown coloured.
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The Yellow-Throated Longclaw (Macronyx croceus) is a small African bird, found in East Africa and West Africa.
The Yellow-Throated Longclaw has a bright yellow chest and throat, with a distinctive black band (called a necklace). Its upperparts are brown. It has white tipped outer feathers and fine black stripes on its side feathers. It has long, pale brown legs with long hind (back) claws.
The Yellow-Throated Longclaw walks with long steps. It crouches when approached, then stands tall and outstretched, as if to make itself appear taller.
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The Australasian Darter (Anhinga novaehollandiae) is also called the Australian Darter or Australian Shag. It is found in Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea.
The Australasian Darter is slim with a long, thin neck and a long, yellow beak. It has glossy black feathers. The male has a white streak down the side of its head and neck, whereas the female has white underparts.
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