The Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata) is a freshwater, wetlands dabbling duck. It is a bird. Spatula means spoon – it has a spoon-shaped beak.
The Northern Shoveler has a large, broad, greyish spoon-shaped beak, called a spatulate beak. It often has an orange colour on the cutting edge of its beak and lower jaw. The male has an iridescent dark-green head, white chest, chestnut belly, and chestnut side feathers. In the breeding season, the male has a white crescent on each side of its face. The female is pale mottled brown.
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The Eastern Greylag Goose (Anser anser rubrirostris) is a large water bird, a wetlands bird, in the Anatidae family. There are two types: Western Greylag Goose and Eastern Greylag Goose.
The Eastern Greylag Goose has mottled and barred brown and white feathers and an orange-brown beak. It has a thick, long neck and a large head. It has pink legs and pink feet.
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The Eclectus Parrot (Eclectus roratus) is medium-sized bird.
The Eclectus Parrot male and female look very different. The male is bright green and the female is mostly bright red. The male is bright green with blue primary feathers and red sides. Its short tail is edged with a narrow band of creamy-yellow, but is mainly green. The female is bright red with a darker colour on her back and wings. Her underwing coverts are purple. Her short tail is edged with yellow-orange above and orange below. The male has an orange and black beak: orange on the upper mandible and black on the lower mandible. The female has an all-black beak. Both have yellow to orange eyes.
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The Eurasian Common Merganser (Mergus merganser merganser) is a freshwater bird – a large duck. It is also known as the Goosander or a Sawbill.
The Eurasian Common Merganser has a whitish-cream body with a salmon-pink tinge. Its head is black with an iridescent green sheen. It has a crest, but it usually lies flat, and is not often raised. Its rump and tail are grey, and its wings are white on the inner half and black on the outer half. Its beak and legs are red to brownish-red. The female is mainly grey with a reddish-brown head, white chin, and white feathers on its wings.
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The Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) is a small wading bird – a wader – that lives in wetlands. It is in the Scolopacidae family of Sandpipers.
The Ruddy Turnstone varies in colours of brown with a pattern of black and white. Its head is mainly white with black streaks on its crown, with a black pattern on its face. It has a slightly upturned wedge-shaped dark beak. Its chest is mainly black with white patches on the side, and white underparts. Its rump and tail have dark bands. Its legs are bright orange. The female is duller in colour than the male, with a browner head that has more streaks.
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The Caspian Snowcock (Tetraogallus caspius) is a medium-sized bird in the Phasianidae family of pheasants. It is a gallinaceous bird.
The Caspian Snowcock is grey, brown, white and black with flecked feathers. Its chest is pale-grey and its throat is white. The back of its neck is dark-grey.
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A fallacy is something that is not true.
A Cuckooshrike is a cross between a Cuckoo and a Shrike is a fallacy. It is not true. So, what is a Cuckooshrike?
A Cuckooshrike, a Cuckoo, and a Shrike are all birds, but a Cuckooshrike is not a Cuckoo and it is not a Shrike.
It is not closely related to the Cuckoo and it is not closely related to the Shrike. They are not very similar. In fact, they are in different families.
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The Musk Lorikeet (Glossopsitta concinna) is a medium-sized bird in the parrot family. It is also known as the Red-Eared Lorikeet and Green Keet.
The Musk Lorikeet is green with a red forehead, blue crown, and a yellow band on its wings. It has a red beak and orange eyes.
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How does a bird take off for flight?
It takes a lot of energy for a bird to go from standing to flying as it takes off for flight.
A small bird does a simple jump and flaps its wings.
A large bird needs more than a jump. A large bird takes a run up, just like a plane does when it taxies on the airport runway.
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The Plumed Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna eytoni) is a wetlands bird. It is also known as the Grass Whistle Duck, the Red-Legged Whistler, or the Whistling Tree-Duck.
The Plumed Whistling Duck has white side plumes (feathers) with black margins that stick out. It has brown upperparts, paler underparts, and a white rump. It chest is chestnut-brown with thin black bars. It has a long neck. Its beak is pink with black markings, and its legs are pink. Its eyes are orange-yellow.
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Why do some vultures have a featherless neck – or almost featherless neck?
A vulture’s head and neck are featherless as an adaptation for hygiene.
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The King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa) is a large bird of prey, and a raptor.
The King Vulture has white and black feathers, with a grey to black ruff (collar) around its neck. It also has grey flight feathers and grey tail feathers. Its head and neck are bald, with the skin colour varying from yellow, orange, blue, and purple to red. It has a distinctive orange fleshy carbuncle on its hooked reddish beak. It has white eyes with a red eye-ring. It does not have eyelashes. It has grey legs with long grey claws.
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The Red-Legged Seriema (Cariama cristata) is a medium-sized bird. It is also called the Crested Cariama.
The Red-Legged Seriema has medium-brown feathers with black markings. It has a pale-brown head, neck and chest, with white on its underbelly. It has a long neck, long tail, and long red legs. Its beak is red and its eyes are yellow. It has soft feathers emerging from the base of its beak. Its tail has a black band near the tip, with a white band at the tip.
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The Caucasus Eurasian Bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula rossikowi) is a small passerine bird in the finch family. It is related to the Pine Grosbeak.
The male Caucasian Eurasian Bullfinch has flame-coloured underparts and the female has greyish underparts. Its upperparts are grey, its flight feathers are black, its cap and face are black, and its rump and wing bars are white.
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Why do ostriches, the largest living bird species, with the largest eggs of any bird, have two legs but four knees? Specifically, ostriches have four kneecaps, and therefore four knees. Emus and cassowaries have no kneecaps.
Sophie Regnault, and her research colleagues at the Royal Veterinary College in London, examined a dead ostrich donated to the college.
They bent and straightened the ostrich’s knees, and used an imaging technique called biplanar fluoroscopy to track how the bones moved. Then they built a simple model to understand how the kneecaps affected the leverage of the muscles controlling the knee.
Kneecaps help animals to flex the extensor muscles in their knees, so that they don’t need to exert force to straighten their knees.
However, ostriches have an upper kneecap and a lower kneecap on each leg that act differently from the kneecaps of other animals.
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The Abdim’s Stork (Ciconia abdimii) is a medium-sized wetlands bird. It is also known as the White-Bellied Stork or the Grasshopper BIrd.
The Abdim’s Stork is black with white underparts. It has grey-pink legs, red knees, and red feet. It has a grey beak. It has red skin on it face in front of its eyes, and blue skin near its beak in the breeding season.
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The Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) is a large bird of prey, a raptor, and an accipiter. It is also known as the Eurasian Griffon. It is related to the White-Backed Vulture (Gyps africanus).
The Griffion Vulture has a white head and a white neck with ruff feathers. It has broad dark wings and short tail feathers. It has a whitish beak.
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The Reeves’s Pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) is a large galliform game bird.
The Reeves’s Pheasant has gold, white, black, and reddish feathers, grey legs, and bare red skin around its eyes. Its beak is pale-cream, and its head is white with a narrow black band across its brown eyes. It has a very long, silvery-white tail with chestnut-brown bars. The female is brown with a blackish crown, a buff face, and a barred greyish-brown tail.
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The Crested Wood Partridge (Rollulus roulroul) is also called the Roul-Roul or the Red-Crowned Wood Partridge. It is a small game bird in the Phasianidae family of pheasants.
The Crested Wood Partridge is a short, rounded short-tailed bird. It has a scarlet-red patch of bare skin around its eyes with a red eye-ring. It has red legs, without a spur or hind (back) toe. The male is metallic iridescent green on its upperparts with glossy dark-blue on its underparts. It has a purplish wing panel. Its head has a white forehead spot, black bristles, and a tall red crest.
The female has pea-green body, a grey head with bristles but no spot and no crest. It has a brownish wing panel. The male and female have a dark-grey beak and pink-grey to red legs.
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