What is the difference between a boar, gilt, hog, pig, and sow?
Swine is a domesticated pig or hog. Swine is a general, collective term – singular (one) or plural (several) – for male, female, young and old domesticated pigs or hogs.
Other terms for pigs and hogs are generally differentiated in terms of age.
A hog is a domesticated swine, especially an adult.
A boar is a mature (adult) male swine.
A sow is a mature (adult) female pig.
A gilt is a mature female pig that has never had babies or is pregnant for the first time.
A pig is a term for any swine, especially domesticated swine, but officially a pig is an immature (young) swine.
A piglet is a baby pig.
A farrow is a litter (new-born group) of piglets.
A shoat is a young swine that has been weaned.
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM