White-Headed Pigeon

The White-Headed Pigeon (Columba leucomela) is a medium-sized bird in the Columbidae family of pigeons.

The White-Headed Pigeon is plump with a short neck. It has a white head and chest with a glossy back area. Its wings and tail are black. Its beak is red with a yellowish tip. It has a red eye-ring with pale orange or yellow eyes. Its legs are red. 

White-Headed Pigeon

It grows to about 40 centimetres (16 inches) tall.

It is native to eastern Australia, from central Queensland to eastern Victoria. It prefers tropical rain forests, sub-tropical rain forests, scrublands, and gardens.

It feeds on fruit in tree canopies, but it also forages for food on the ground. It also feeds on seeds.

The White-Headed Pigeon is solitary or found in pairs and small flocks. It builds a twig nest in a tree. The female usually lays one egg, which takes 17-19 days to hatch. Both parents look after their young, called a squab. 

White-Headed Pigeon

Location of photographs: Adelaide Zoo, Australia

Photographer: Martina Nicolls


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