Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse

The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse (Coris festiva or Coris julis) is a small marine (saltwater) fish in the Labridae family of wrasse.

The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse has a colourful, thin, elongated body. The male is green, blue, or brown with a white belly, a dark-blue spot near its tail fin, and a bright orange band along its side. The female is brown with yellowish sides and a white belly. 

Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse (male)

It measures 18-25 centimetres (7-10 inches) in length. 

It is found in the Mediterranean Sea and in the north-east Atlantic Ocean from Sweden in the north to Senegal in the south.

It prefers locations near the shore among seagrass or rocks.

It is a predator fish, feeding on sea urchins, shrimp, and snails.

The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasseis diurnal, active during the day. 

It is predominantly a solitary fish. 

The Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse starts its life as a female. When it is an adult, it becomes a male. This is called a sequential hermaphrodite. 

The young Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse looks like the female with a brown body, yellowish sides and a white belly.

Mediterranean Rainbow Wrasse (male)

Location of photographs: Aquarium de Paris-Cinéaqua, France

Photographer: Martina Nicolls


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