What does a pig’s hoof look like?
The pig is a hoofed mammal. It is an ungulate like all hoofed animals.
Some hoofed animals have one toe, and others have two toes, or a split hoof. A split hoof is called a cloven hoof.
The pig has a cloven hoof. The front toe is split into two digits. On each side of the front toe is a smaller digit called a dew claw.
The hooves can grow. A wild pig keeps its hooves trimmed by walking on hard ground.
The photographed pig is the Red River Hog (Potamochoerus porcus). It is native to Africa, in countries such as Guinea and the Congo. It prefers rain forests, and to be near rivers and swamps.
It is mainly nocturnal or crepuscular, active at night or at dawn and dusk. It is omnivorous, eating roots and tubers, as well as fruit, grass, herbs, eggs, dead animals, insects, and lizards. It snuffles in the soil in search of food.
The male is called a boar and the female is called a sow.