The Eurasian Nuthatch (Sitta europaea) is a small bird. It is also known as the Wood Nuthatch.
The Eurasian Nuthatch is a dumpy bird with a full chest, short wings, and a short tail. It has blue-grey upperparts, whitish underparts, and a black eye-stripe. Its beak is dark-grey, long, and pointed. It has dark-brown eyes and pale brown legs.
It grows to 14 centimetres (5-6 inches) tall.
It is native to Europe and Asia, from the United Kingdom to Japan, and from Russia to Sicily. It prefers deciduous woodlands with large trees. It moves in short leaps.
It eats mainly insects, such as caterpillars and beetles. It sometimes eats nuts and seeds.
The Eurasian Nuthatch is often seen in pairs that mate for life. The pair make a nest in tree holes, and the female does most of the work. She re-uses the nest each year. The female lays 6-9 eggs, which hatch after 13-18 days.
The chicks are born altricial—featherless and blind. They gain all of their feathers by 20-26 days.
The Eurasian Nuthatch lives, on average, for 2 years.
[Location of photographs: London, England]
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM