Southern Stingray

The Southern Stingray (Hypanus americanus) is a marine (saltwater) whiptail stingray.

The Southern Stingray has a flat, diamond-shaped body with sharp, angular corners. It is muddy-brown, olive, or grey with a white underbelly. It has a barb at the end of its long, thin tail. The barb is serrated (saw-like) and is covered with poisonous mucous. Its wing-like fins propel it through the water. Its eyes are on top of its head. 

Southern Stingray

The female grows to 150 centimetres (59 inches), whereas the male grows to about 67 centimetres (26 inches). 

It is native to the tropical and sub-tropical waters of the Western Atlantic Ocean, from New Jersey to southern Brazil. It is benthic because it lives on the bottom of the ocean. 

The Southern Stingray is nocturnal, active at night. It eats small fish, worms, and crustaceans, such as crabs and shrimp.

It is found alone or in pairs. 

The Southern Stingray is ovoviparous, which means that eggs hatch inside the female’s body, and she gives birth to live young. She is pregnant for 135-226 days, before giving birth to 2-10 live young. The mother does not look after her young. 

Southern Stingray
Southern Stingray

[Location of photographs:Sea Life London Aquarium, England]

Photographer: Martina Nicolls


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