What is the difference between the Finnish Forest Reindeer and Woodland Caribou?

What is the difference between the Finnish Forest Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus fennicus) and the Woodland Caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou)?

The Finnish Forest Reindeer and the Woodland Caribou are sub-species of the Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), an ungulate (hoofed) mammal in the deer family.

The Finnish Forest Reindeer and the Woodland Caribou have long legs with wide, crescent-shaped, cloven (split) hooves for walking on snow. 

The Finnish Forest Reindeer and the Woodland Caribou have antlers. The male has large V-shaped antlers, that are larger than the female’s antlers.

Finnish Forest Reindeer (left) and Woodland Caribou (right)

The Finnish Forest Reindeer is larger than the Woodland Caribou.

The Finnish Forest Reindeer measures 180-220 centimetres (71-87 inches) long and 120 centimetres (47 inches) at shoulder height, whereas the Woodland Caribou measures 162-214 centimetres (64-84 inches) in long. 

The Finnish Forest Reindeer is native to Finland and north-western Russia, whereas the Woodland Caribou is native to southern Canada and northwest America.

Finnish Forest Reindeer (left) and Woodland Caribou (right)
Finnish Forest Reindeer
Woodland Caribou

[Location of photographs: London Zoo, England and Berlin Zoo, Germany]

Photographer: Martina Nicolls

Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM

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