The Southern White-Lipped Peccary (Tayassu pecari albirostris) is an ungulate (hoofed) mammal.
The Southern White-Lipped Peccary has a rounded body with a large head, long snout (nose) and short legs – similar to a wild pig. Its nose looks like a pig’s nose. It has black or brown bristly fur. It has longer hairs along its spine, which make a crest of hair that stands up when it is startled. It has white markings below its nose, cheeks, and under its eyes.
It grows to 40-60 centimetres (16-24 inches) at shoulder height, and 90-139 centimetres (35-55 inches long). Its tail measures 3-6 centimetres (1-2 inches) long.
It is native to Central America and South America, particularly from southern Mexico to Ecuador.
The Southern White-Lipped Peccary prefers rain forests. It is active both day and night, but it is primarily nocturnal, active at night.
It is omnivorous, eating a varied diet of fruit, leaves, grass, and plants. Its predators include the mountain lion, jaguar, crocodile, and python.
It lives in herds of 20-300 individuals.
The female is pregnant for 156-162 days, before giving birth to 1-4 young.
The Southern White-Lipped Peccary lives, on average, for 13 years.
[Location of photographs: Berlin Zoo, Germany]
Photographer: Martina Nicolls
Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM