CREATURE FEATURE: Toco Toucan

The Toco Toucan (Ramphastos toco) is a large bird. It is also known as the Common Toucan or the Giant Toucan. 

The Toco Toucan has a black body, white cheeks, white throat, white chest, and white uppertail coverts, with red undertail coverts. It has a very large, yellow-orange beak with a black band at the base and a large spot at the tip. Its beak is hollow and light. It has bright blue eye-rings. Its tongue is long and flat. Its legs are dark-grey. The male and female have a similar appearance.

Toco Toucan

It grows to 55-65 centimetres (21-26 inches) tall. Its beak measures 16-23 centimetres (6-9 inches) long. 

It is native to central and eastern South America, particularly in Brazil, but also in Peru, Argentina, and Paraguay. It prefers semi-open habitats, such as woodlands and savannahs. 

It eats fruit, insects, frogs, reptiles, birds, and bird eggs.

The Toco Toucan is usually seen in pairs or small groups. 

It builds a nest in a tall tree, usually in a cavity. The female lays 2-4 eggs, which hatch after 17-18 days. Both parents look after their young, called chicks. 

Toco Toucan
Toco Toucan
Toco Toucan
Toco Toucan
Toco Toucan

[Location of photographs: Parc Zoologique de Paris in Bois de Vincennes, France]

Photographer: Martina Nicolls

Martina Nicolls: SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM

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